1984 Essay, 95% Graded, Youngin Balling On Grades Gcvi/Eng2 D Essay

1426 words - 6 pages

George Orwell's 1984 is about a man Winston Smith in a country called Oceania with a government called IngSoc. Winston lives in constant fear as he is arrested and tortured by members of the Party, people participating in IngSoc. Orwell shows how IngSoc is a controlling government. Also, he discusses the dangers of a government like IngSoc. IngSoc is a totalitarian government. Orwell denounces totalitarianism by creating a dystopia that has a totalitarian government.
Totalitarianism is the "form of government that theoretically permits no individual freedom and that seeks to subordinate all aspects of the individual's life to the authority of the government." When Orwell published 1984, "'totalitarianism' denoted a society in which political power was in the hands of a dictator or 'leader' and a nontraditional ruling elite; the mass of the population was not only politically powerless but deprived of all intellectual and cultural resources" (Gleason, 148). Totalitarianism is a tempting option for countries whose citizens are suffering. "The totalitarian states of Nazi Germany under Adolf Hitler (1933-45) and the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin (1924-53) were the first examples of decentralized or popular totalitarianism, in which the state achieved overwhelming popular support for its leadership" ("totalitarianism" n.p.). In Nazi Germany, the citizens were overcoming a huge depression resulting from the loss in World War I. In the Soviet Union, the people overthrew an unproductive, uncaring Tsarist government.
George Orwell had many bad experiences with totalitarianism, and recounts these events in 1984. He experienced firsthand the effects of a fascist government in World War II. "In 1948, when Orwell's 1984 was first published, World War II had just ended." During World War II, mass murders were ordered by totalitarian leaders like Adolf Hitler and Josef Stalin. "Adolf Hitler, in Germany, had slaughtered his enemies… killing six million Jews plus nine million Slavs, gypsies, political dissidents, homosexuals, and mentally challenged people" ("1984" 242). Orwell, influenced by genocide caused by a single powerful man, prompted him to reflect upon the cause of so many deaths. He powerfully expresses his worries about the dangers of a totalitarian government by creating his own dystopia in 1984.
A totalitarian government works to control the mind of the people. One way to induce subservience is to control pleasure. The Party controls people by limiting and suppressing pleasure. To remove the pleasure from society diminishes the morale of the people, allowing the government to enforce its will. Sex is a social activity looked down upon by the Party through organizations like the Junior Anti-Sex League. Laurence Lerner suggests, "[Orwell] considers [sex] extremely important because of its concentration on pure pleasure and IngSoc is a society dedicated to the abolition of pleasure" (Bloom 73). Julia uses sex as a medium to rebel against the Party. Seeing Julia's rebellious act, Winston joins her and expresses his desire for rebellion as well. "Scores of time she had done it… Anything that hinted at corruption always filled him with a wild hope" (Orwell 125). Winston's hope is exactly what a totalitarian government desires to destroy. Also, when O'Brien tortures Winston in Room 101, he reveals the motives of the Party: "The sex instinct will be eradicated. Procreation will be an annual formality like the renewal of a ration card. We shall abolish orgasm" (Orwell, 267). By removing the pleasures of sex and all pleasures of society, the Inner Party is free to exert its will upon the citizens of Oceania.
"Under totalitarian rule, traditional social institutions and organizations are discouraged and suppressed" ("totalitarianism" n.p.). Totalitarianism takes away freedom by installing surveillance and limiting activity. The Party uses the Thought Police, Spies, and telescreens to monitor the citizens of Oceania at all times. Winston buys a blank diary and writes in it while he is in his flat. However, Winston fears the Thought Police will catch him for Thoughtcrime. Winston "had committed… the essential crime that contained others in itself. Thoughtcrime they called it" (Orwell 19). The Party can accuse anyone of committing Thoughtcrime, even without any evidence. Parsons was taken away by his own children for committing Thoughtcrime. Thoughtcrime also has the ultimate penalty: "Thoughtcrime does not entail death: Thoughtcrime IS death" (Orwell 28). When free thought is a crime, the government can destroy any mode of thinking which is not its own. When Winston first sees Julia, he is worried that she is a spy. "Whether she was really an agent of the Thought Police, or simply an amateur spy actuated by officiousness, hardly mattered" (Orwell 101). Winston lives in constant fear of being caught and tortured by the Party. The Spies are a group of children who are taught how to catch adults of committing Thoughtcrime. Parson's children, members of the Spies, turn in their own father to the Party through dedication to the Party. Julia and Winston are in what they think is the last safe place, a room without a telescreen. However, the room hides a telescreens behind a picture, allowing the Party to spy on them while engaged in "private" activity. A government that can fully monitor its citizens instills fear and maintains full control.
The Party uses the media to confuse its citizens. On the telescreens pictures of "the enemy", Emanuel Goldstein, appear with other subliminal messages. A depiction of Goldstein shows "a lean Jewish face, with a great fuzzy aureole of white hair and a small goatee beard- a clever face, and yet somehow inherently despicable" (Orwell 12). His despicable face incites anger in the population, even if directed at an imaginary figure. The anger is then redirected toward the true enemy, as the telescreens then show pictures of Eurasian soldiers, the country Oceania is at war against. Manipulating the media manipulates the attitudes citizens have. The Party uses Newspeak and doublethink to confuse the citizens of Oceania. "NEWSPEAK is calculated to get rid of individuality by limiting the range of though through cutting the choice of words to a minimum" ("1984", 249). The Party restricts the words used to be only positive, preventing any negative comments towards the government. "The purpose of Newspeak was not only to provide a medium of expression for the world-vie and mental habits proper to the devotees of IngSoc, but to make all other modes of thought impossible" (Orwell, 299). To eliminate other modes of thought is to eliminate the inherent freedom of thought.
Totalitarianism leaders' sole concern is gaining power. "The Party seeks power entirely for its own sake. We are not interested in the good of others; we are interested solely in power. Not wealth or luxury or a long life or happiness; only power, pure power" (Orwell, 263). Orwell intends to manifest the intentions of Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin, but to a more extreme level. "The German Nazis and the Russian Communists came very close to us in their methods, but they never had the courage to recognize their own motives. They pretended that … there lay a paradise where human beings would be free and equal. We are not like that. We know that no one ever seizes power with the intention of relinquishing it" (Orwell, 263). Orwell parallels the motives of the Party with the motives of the Nazis and Communists to a greater extent. The Nazis and Communists had original intentions of freedom and prosperity for their people, but were deluded by a thirst for power. In Oceania, the government has willingly accepted full power and a truly totalitarian government where Big Brother does indeed control all.
"In Nazi Germany and Stalin's Soviet Union, whole classes of people, such as the Jews and the kulaks (wealthy peasant farmers) respectively, were singled out for persecution and extinction." ("totalitarianism", n.p.). Totalitarianism blinds the citizens of Oceania. The proles, carrying a different view than the Party members, are branded as evil. "The Party taught that the proles were natural inferiors who must be kept in subjection, like animals, by the application of a few simple rules" (Orwell, 71). The inferiority of the proles is compared to animals, which lack intelligence to humans. Although the proles have the power to rebel, the Party forces them to believe they are inferior to humans, causing them to live separate from the population.
Totalitarianism is a tempting option for countries overcome with poverty. Orwell advises to the citizens of those countries to not select that path. Countries like Germany, Italy, and Russia have instilled totalitarian government into their countries, causing many deaths, and many to lose freedoms. Totalitarian leaders are only concerned with genuine power no matter how many people are harmed.


Enders game essay for ap ela 9 it’s a 95 villains in the book - Ela - essay

426 words - 2 pages Free Parker Mangone Provenzano Ender’s Game ​essay 25 March 2019 In the novel​ Ender's Game​ by Orson Scott an important character in the novel is Bonzo. Bonzo plays the role of an villain. Throughout the book Bonzo is characterized as a young, aggressive and highly ambitious student. He will fight at any cost and this causes tension and conflict which builds his role as a Villain. When ender first joins the salamander army bonzo is very harsh and

Dystopian elements of 1984 Icke and Macmillan - English - Essay

963 words - 4 pages CLASS: ENG3()nfr STUDENT NAME: Zack Van Toor MODULE: TEXT CONNECTION: 1984 Icke and Macmillin t refers to DECLARED PIECE: Analytical SELECTION OF FORM: Essay REFERENCING: MLA8 WORD COUNT: 918 DATE DUE: Friday 9th of March 2018 DATE SUBMITTED: Friday 9th of March 2018 CRITERIA ASSESSED: The play 1984 by Robert Icke and Duncan Macmillan an adaption of George Orwells nineteen eighty four is a dystopian text. The texts presents the reader

Faded Civilization (Lord of the Flies) - markville ss, ENG2D - essay

1333 words - 6 pages Zhang May Zhang Ms. Millington ENG2D May 30, 2017 Faded Civilization American novelist George R.R. Martin once wrote in A Storm of Swords, “There is a savage beast in every man, and when you hand that man a sword or spear and send him forth to war, the beast stirs.” An absorbing and instructive novel named Lord of the Flies was written by English author William Golding. The story is talking about a group of non-grownup boys who are stranded on

Imperialism essay that helps with better grades - California English - Essay

457 words - 2 pages , the text points out the social and economic impact of on India. This quote shows a positive effect because it says that early action was to stop the killing of female babies because no one likes an innocent baby to die when they are born just because they are female. In document I, the text says “Englishmen… have given the people of India the greatest human blessing-peace. They have introduced Western education. This was a positive effect because

95 thesis is about the magazine written by Martin Luther - Western CIv - Essay

1587 words - 7 pages through faith – not the practices of the Church. One Five One Seven that’s when it first went down. Then the real test was when it started spreading around. Sixty days to recant what I said? Father, please! You’ve had, what? Goin’ on fifteen centuries? 1517 is the year that Martin Luther posted his 95 Theses. His ideas spread quickly around Europe, especially in Germany. He refused to change his beliefs and so he was excommunicated. Luther believed

"Conformity Uncensored" Essay Comparing Ray Bradbury's "Fahrenheit 451" And "1984" By George Orwell. Discusses The Effects Of Conformity On Society

1101 words - 5 pages Several conflicting frames of mind have played defining roles in shaping humanity throughout the twentieth century. Vision of a bright future held by humanity was taken advantage of by the promise of a better life through sacrifice of individuality to the state. In the novels 1984 by George Orwell and Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury, clear opposition to these subtle barriers was voiced. These books established the atmosphere and seductiveness of

Orwellian Essay about 1984 Part One - Lit - Essay

528 words - 3 pages . However, on September 11, 2001, the United States suffered a devastating terrorist attack when two aircrafts crashed into the World Trade Center, causing panic and sadness through many Americans. A few months after the 9/11 attacks, the TSA was created on November 19, 2001 after President George W. Bush signed the Aviation and Transportation Security Act, which “authorized the creation of a new federal government agency specifically designed to

7.03 Graded Assignment: The Renaissance Begins in Italy - World History - Essay

884 words - 4 pages to acquire and maintain political power through fear. His key idea is that a leader is there to carry out the difficult decisions and it is better to be feared than loved. I believe he is accurate because his ideas reflect how politicians act in modern times such as how politicians lie to achieve their goal. Machiavelli goes on to say they don't mind how they get there, nor it is important. It is virtually impossible to be a clever politician and

literary analysis George Orwell 1984 - English - essay analysis

1132 words - 5 pages 3 Alexandra Clemente AP English Date: 9/24/18 Analysis 1984 The book is set in a future world that is dominated by three perpetually warring totalitarian states: Oceania, Eurasia, and Eastasia. The book’s hero, Winston Smith, is an ordinary guy and minor party functionary in Oceania. His job is to rewrite history in the Ministry of Truth and to bring it in line with current political thinking. He lives in a London still shattered by a nuclear

1984 and Animal Farm Compatitive Essay, both by George Orwell

462 words - 2 pages was told to them. An excellent example of the Outer Party's ignorance to truth is when they are told that their chocolate rations have been increased, when actually the rations were just reduced a week earlier. Because of the Party's successful assault on the individuality of its members, people became cheerful when they heard of the news. This perceived reality is the truth to the Party members.The true reality in 1984 is shown only to the reader

Corporation and Government Control reflected in 1984 - Highschool, English - Essay

678 words - 3 pages Corporation and Government Control reflected in 1984 Throughout 1984, a book by George Orwell, the dystopian setting ruled by Big Brother reflects and warns us about the growing control of Governments and Corporations over citizens' lives. Possessing the power to rewrite and edit history in addition to manipulating citizens psychologically by making the party's failures appear to be huge successes as well as suppressing sexuality and emphasizing

1984 - Individuality Within a Totalitarian Society - English - Essay

692 words - 3 pages Alison Lilly Zero Period English 10H Rinder 4/4/17 Individuality Within a Totalitarian Society George Orwell's novel 1984 discusses a dystopia in which a system of totalitarianism has been adopted. The work is about a communist land in which each person in denied the privilege of thinking and speaking freely. The government's oppression is shown through Mike Pence when he conformed to what others in his political party believe. This control is

1984 Synthesis: Technology and Surveillance - AP Language and Composition - Essay

718 words - 3 pages person is wearing, and gender, however, the capabilities do not end there. With this information, the person can be identified and linked to a database of statistics like where the person lives, shops, lounges, etc, all of which the person is “scrutinized” for and given a rating D, being the worst, and AAA, being the best. Based on these ratings citizens can “be denied travel or buying an apartment” (source F). In “1984” by George Orwell, devices

Sociolinguistic Analysis of Orwell's 1984 - Intro to Sociolinguistics - Essay

1022 words - 5 pages .” The solution he proposed for this problem was “to invent new words as deliberately as we would invent new parts for a motor-car engine.” Orwell’s reasoning is deeply flawed; beginning with the idea the English language and its speakers add new words and phrases to the lexicon every day. There is no way that language could function in the same way that the Ministry of Truth in 1984 makes it work. In trying to explain why Orwell’s view on language is

1984: Dictatorships destroy the capacity to think - English - Essay

1406 words - 6 pages entirety of the Party’s dictatorship; however, what is considered ‘human’ in the 1984? On more than one occasion, Winston states that ‘if there is hope, it lies in the proles.’ The proles are an isolated group from the Party citizens, who are under the control of the Party as they rely heavily on the Party to fulfil their needs. However, unlike the Party members, proles are not forced or brainwashed to believe in the Party; hence why their capacity