Assignment On A Guide To Accuracy Of Information

1496 words - 6 pages

Using/analysing sources-Reliability needs to be worked out before usefulnessReliability- accuracy & truthfulnessAlthough reliability & usefulness are linked, they are NOT interchangeable. Just because a source is considered unreliable it does not mean it is useful. Ie. Propaganda.In fact its very unreliability may be what makes it so useful ie. Propaganda could hardly be regarded as reliable information, however it could be considered useful in showing mentality at that time.3rd person/past tense in writing-when trying to determine reliability ask yourself-- how accurate is the source, how truthful is the source.- Just because a source is primary DOES NOT mean it is more reliable than a secondary source.Consider that-1. a person involved in an event may be too close to it to write objectively about it.2. a person writing sometime after the event may lose some memory of it3. the person may not be in possession of significant detailsA clue to a source's reliability may be found in their content, origin & audience.Content-Reliability if content determined by the content's accuracy & usefulnessOrigin-- name of person (author's identity, nationality, status)- location from where information is taken (location of sources ie. Book, newspaper, diary)- relationship of the author to the event. Was the author an expert on event. Does the position of the person make the source subjective.- Date of the sourceAudience-- who is the source produced for- was it made for publication- private or public- consider how the audience affects what information. What may & may not be included- consider how the audience affects the accuracy of what is writtenMotive- reason/purpose of writer in producing source- motive is sometimes indicated by the tone or mood of the source- tone- language/images being used. Ie. Emotional, argumentive, optimisticBias- events in history have more than 1 view or perspective- bias source only gives 1 view where another is just as possible- author has a certain preferenceask-- is the writer an impartial observer or a deeply involved participant (look at source's origin & writer's origin)- sometimes in not being bias you have to detect what has not been said/left out.Bias can be deliberate or unintentional & thus bias effects reliabilityCompleteness- is source complete- is it damaged- any obvious emissionsTo check the reliability if evidence historians use the tests of- consistency- corroboration or supporting/adding- does the evidence contradict itself- does it agree with evidence from other sourcesUsefulness-When confronted with a question about usefulness ask yourself-- does it assist us in understanding a particular issue- usefulness of secondary source, it is a starting point- if encountered source while researching what could you do with it- can you use it to explain some aspect of the pastThe degree of usefulness is determined by its reliability. The more reliable the more useful.However, in the case of propaganda it is different- because while the information may not be entirely accurate, the source is still useful in showing propaganda.The degree of usefulness is also determined by its perspective. Ie. A soldier's diary may only give a limited perspective (one soldier in one trench, one battle) whereas a general's memoirs/biography might give a broader perspective and hence might be more useful. The broader the perspective, the greater the reliability. Historians tend to be more reliable as they are not emotionally involved & more objective. A secondary source could be more reliable than 1st hand or primary source because of hindsight.2 opposing views on the same event might be more useful than 2 presenting the same argument because there is more than 1 perspective.Photographs-- produced for a purpose- therefore may affect its reliability & usefulness.- Photos are record of 1 moment in time from one person's perspective- therefore affects usefulnessThings to consider are:- has it been posed forwhen dealing with WWI photos-keep in mind the fact that many photographs were taken by official photographers who were given specific tasks by the government & tended to be subjective.Ask yourself these questions-- what is being depicted- who took the photograph- under what circumstances was it taken, why was it takenCartoons-- aim of a cartoon is to express an attitude (opinion) about an event.- Does not present a reasoned argument, because it is too brief. So as a source it may not be more useful than a written source.- In order to understand them, the viewer usually has to have extra knowledgeAsk questions-- who is being depicted- what publication did it appear in- what event is being depicted- what is the nationality of its publication (origin)- who is the audienceIn visual sources the tone/mood of the source can be determined by the actions & appearance of the characters.Posters-Like cartoons they are deliberately published for publication. As either propaganda/advertising & are therefore bias- purpose is to encourage a pre-determined response & so the artist will use techniques such as exaggeration, emotive language, Imagery, in order to create this response.- Posters can not appeal to reason or present a balanced/logical argument because they are seen very briefly. They use exaggeration thus distorting the reliability- Propaganda posters deliberately distort the truth (present one-sided view) so are not reliable- Useful in showing attitude at the time- Posters that are less political ie. Enlistment may just try to encourage people rather than give a distorted viewMemoirs-- should be treated with caution when determining reliability- while they are account of a person's experience it is made for publicationtherefore it is unlikely that people will write badly of themselves (can justify own actions).- these writers have the benefit of hindsight. Knowing what happened after the event encourages the writer to be more objectiveDiaries, however should be treated with cautionAsk questions-- who is writing- what position they held- when were memoirs published- does memoirs match other sourcesOfficial primary source-Include-- official letter- telegrams- memorandanot meant for publicationOften used to inform & not influence, making them accurate & reliablePersonal primary sources-Include-- private diaries- personal lettersthis type of source is amongst most reliable evidenceContains information that is not meant for publication. These sources must be considered within their context- A person may not be honest in a letter to a friend ie. Letter to family from soldier may be deliberately played with (censorship).Secondary sources-Produced after event by people not themselves involved. They have an advantage of comment on cause, effect, motivation & consequences.These sources express the writer's opinion. In order to judge reliability have to assess primary sources it is based on.Has the writer considered all points of view or just based on selective evidence- provides starting point for own historical enquiry- is what somebody has already interpreted- primary sources allow reader to take greater part by interpretation.Perspective-Is the position of the creator of the source. Ie. Soldier, German, civilian, female, working class etc.Perspetive may affect reliability & usefulnessThe degree of usefulness is determined by perspectiveIe. Soldier's diary might only give limited perspective whereas general's memoirs may give broader perspectiveThe broader the perspective the greater reliability & usefulness.

RELATED

1848 Revolutions Study Guide Is A Documents Containing 7 Pages Of Detailed, Bibliographed Information Separated Into Categories

2536 words - 11 pages outline key information as other articles do. It does have the information in there but that information is extremely unorganized, for some reason I simply do not like the way Wilmot writes..Revolutions of 1848 - skeletonOne of the most useful pieces of information. This handout is a handout that is to be attached to the study guide because it is a separate study guide on its own. This packet contains all the dates that we need to know and structured

The Symposium, A Philosophers Guide To Love

2171 words - 9 pages As much as our society has become involved in the advancement of feminism and the equality of the sexes, there is one fact that neither gender can ignore; none can survive without the other. Love and the want of a soul mate keeps each member of man and womankind in constant search of the perfect person with whom to become one. Yet if this bond is a necessity of the human race then why has the meaning, purpose and pursuit of it eluded us for so

Lab report on The effects of binocular depth cues on the accuracy of visual depth perception - 175.102- psychology as a natural science - Assignment

4219 words - 17 pages The effects of binocular depth cues on the accuracy of visual depth perception 175.102-Psychology as a Natural Science Abstract The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of binocular cues in visual depth perception. It was hypothesised that binocular vision would result in better visual depth perception compared to monocular vision. The participant was a 21-year-old female undergraduate student. The experiment was set up as a

study guide for a final exam at UC - University of cincinnati - stimulation modeling

2442 words - 10 pages -adjustment methods are needed to minimize the reporting of misleading or even inaccurate information about health care quality. o Types of variation and special causes Special Causes: Associated with deviations from this stable state. Can arise because of specific circumstances May be “assignable” to a controllable factor May indicate that the process has become routinely unstable o Parts of a control chart LOOK ON POWERPOINT WEEK 9 SLIDE 9

informative information on how to burn a dvd - permian - creative writing

663 words - 3 pages Format a CD or DVD Windows 7  Before you can burn files to a CD, DVD, or Bluray Disc, the disc must first be prepared using a process called formatting. There are several ways to format a disc. Your choice of format determines which computers and other devices will be able to read the disc. 1. Insert a recordable or rewritable disc into your computer's CD, DVD, or Bluray Disc burner. 2. In the AutoPlay dialog box that appears, click Burn files

Information On The Contribution Of One Of The Following To The Development Of Space Exploration: Tsiolkovsky

698 words - 3 pages Konstantin Eduardovitch Tsiolkovsky1857-1935Konstantin Tsiolkovsky was a true visionary and pioneer of astronautics. He theorized many aspects of human space travel and rocket propulsion decades before others, and played an important role in the development of the Soviet and Russian space programs.He was born on September 17,1857, in the village of Ijevskoe, Ryasan Province, Russia, the son of a Polish forester who had emigrated to Russia. He

Outline And Evaluate In To The Duration, Capacity And Encoding Of Information In Short Term Memory

531 words - 3 pages repeated studies into human memory and other studies tend to replicate the original findings.The technique used in this study is very artificial therefore it lacks ecological validity.This is because in a normal basis of life you're not told to recall random groups of consonants.Encoding refers to the format or code in which a memory is stored as a memory trace. Encoding can be by acoustic or by semantic. It was concluded that in STM information is encoded by its sound (acoustically) so when we recall information from STM we may get confused if there are similar sounding words.

This Essay Is A Brief History Of Rattle And Snap Plantation In Mt. Pleasant, TN. Describes Owners (Past And Present) And Other Information On The House

1726 words - 7 pages The history of Rattle and Snap dates back to just after the Revolutionary War. Back then, the U.S. Government did not have the money to pay its soldiers, so they issued land grants. One of those soldiers was Lt. Colonel William Polk. William was very good friends with the Governor of North Carolina, the governor was his brother-in-law.One day, William and the governor got involved in a gambling game. The governor was losing very badly, and in

Film Review Of "To Kill A Mockingbird"

535 words - 3 pages Racial discrimination is a major theme within the film "To Kill a Mockingbird" when Tom Robinson, a man of African heritage, is falsely accused of raping a young white girl. His attorney, a white man named Atticus Finch, gives solid evidence in Tom's favour, but the jury still finds Tom guilty and he is sent to prison. I believe that this famous film adapted from an even more famous book effectively communicates its message with an entertaining

Three-Step Approach To Taking Photographs Of A Crime Scene

564 words - 3 pages very certain of yourself when you are explaining the photographs to jury, you will have a better chance of them believing you.ReferencesStaggs, Steven, Crime Scene and Evidence Photographer's Guide, Staggs Publishing, Wildomar, CA, 1997.

Proposal to create a memorandum - University of North Dakota - Assignment

781 words - 4 pages Free dangers of using a used needle. This was not the information I wanted to find. I wanted to find more details about the program. Bing had the most websites for syringe program. Questions for Peers 1. Are there other key word I could use? 2. Do you agree on my audience? 3. Do my resources look scholarly? Thank you for taking the time to read my memorandum.

Example of How To Write A Essay - University Perspectives - Essay

629 words - 3 pages Challenges Before I came to college, I did not anticipate how much responsibility and obligations it comes with. I was so busy thinking, “I can’t wait to become an adult”, “I can’t wait to do what I want when I want”, “College is going to be so much fun” not realizing that it will be a challenge for me or anyone. Now I’ve been college for six weeks and I was definitely oblivious to the reality of it. Of course, I didn’t think it was going to be

A Critical Analysis of King Lear's Daughter's Attraction to Edmund

535 words - 3 pages Free A Critical Analysis of King Lear's Daughters'Attraction to Edmund Shakespeare' King Lear is a story of treachery and deceit. The villainy of the play knows no bounds. Family lines are ignored in an overwhelming quest for power. This villainy is epitomized in the character of Edmund, bastard son of the Earl of Gloucester. Edmund is displayed as a " most toad-spotted traitor." When we first see Edmund, he is already knee deep in treachery. His

To Kill A Mockingbird By John Grisham, Speaks Of Racism

1046 words - 5 pages essay about bigots persuasive essay a good oralWhy did Atticus defend a nigger? What was the point of being the advocate for a black man? It doesn't matter if their guilty or innocent, you can ceaselessly and effortlessly convict the animals for their colour vice. You can even turn a blind eye to the obvious truth. And so did the "people", the white, narrow-minded, bigoted and hypocritical people of Maycomb.The justification for why Atticus

A Treatment Of Solutions To Bullying In Schools - chandler - essay

850 words - 4 pages _______________________________ Scenario 2 A neighbor is suing the Joneses because a tree in the Joneses’ yard fell on their roof during a hurricane. The neighbors want the Jones family to pay $850 to have their roof repaired. Mr. Jones requests that a jury be present to hear this case. The judge says it is not necessary since the amount of the repairs is is so small. The Jones family lives in Washington D.C. Non-violation Violation Amendments 1st 2nd 3rd