A Review Of “indigenous Remain ‘asset Rich, Dirt Poor’ 25 Years After Mabo”. - ANU - Literature Review

1115 words - 5 pages

A review of “Indigenous remain ‘asset rich, dirt poor’ 25 years after Mabo”.
In the article “Indigenous remain ‘asset rich, dirt poor’ 25 years after Mabo”, Indigenous affairs editor, Fitzpatrick (2017) presents the socioeconomic situation of the Aboriginal people, using the views of the former prime minister’s advisor, Josephine Cashman. Miss Cashman pointed out that the promises made to the indigenous people, presented in the Mabo case, had not been fulfilled accordingly after the year 1992. Many indigenous people still have inadequate housing, poor health, restricted education and lower average incomes. About 25 years from the Wik decision, many Aboriginals were classified under the popular term ‘asset rich but dirt poor’. Even though the land belongs to the Aboriginal people, they have a right to live there, but do not have the necessary resources to invest in businesses. The article then states that the Australian government should invest billions of dollars to help with the social, economic and political problems in the Aboriginal community. The practicality and realism of the solution presented by the author to solve the Aboriginal problem should be questioned and evaluated. In addition, following the Mabo Case, the problems that the Aboriginal community have should be identified. This review will summarise and provide a balanced evaluation of Stephine’s article.
Tracing back to 1992, the Mabo case on native title rights was passed by the Hight Court of Australia. The High Court put forward two principles that offered hope for Indigenous people. The first principle is that the Aboriginal people should have title rights to their land in respect to their custom; the law recognises the existence of indigenous customs through their relationship with the land (Behrendt, 2007). The High Court also granted ‘radical title’, that is, the government retains eventual power over the land but does not have full ownership of it. The second decision of the Mabo decision was to reject terra nullius, which means Australia’s legal system recognizes indigenous people have lived in Australia for thousands of years and enjoyed rights to their land. (Reconciliation Australia, 2014). The land has been owned by indigenous people under native title. but in terms of ‘closing the gap’, there has been only marginal improvement in the lives of Aboriginal people.
Since the Mabo case, the reality is, per the author, land rights for Aboriginal people has not led to an improvement in quality of life. Indigenous Australians may have gained ownership of land but this has not led to greater opportunities for them. As the article states, Aboriginal people were given back the ‘bike’ that was stolen by others, they can sit on it, but the people who stole the bike do not believe Aboriginal people should have the capability or freedom to ride it. It means that since 1992, the High Court gave indigenous people land rights but indigenous people are not able to use their land assets and resources to create profit. Indigenous people have not been in an economic position to improve the quality of their land or to use it to develop business projects. They have inadequate housing, poor environmental and living conditions and low levels of education, all of which prevent access to the ‘Australia Dream’. Furthermore, the rejection of the $1.3 billion Noongar agreement by the Federal Court is a case in point. The Noongar people under the settlement will lose out on continuing benefits and chances to expand their profits (Pearson, 2010). The Western Australian Government was also supposed to partner with the Noongar people to advance their social, economic and cultural development. (Pearson, 2010). So, the promise of Mabo not yet realized, Cashman demonstrates in her article that Mabo at least so far has been a failure.
The author makes the controversial statements that the government should put long-term investment of billions of dollars into indigenous Australian to develop their economy and infrastructure. Although the government need to address aboriginal problem, is this plan realistic? There are a considerable number of government programs that can be described as wasteful. These programs are expensive here because of the population of indigenous people and the area they live in (Ross, 2011). Aboriginal people live in remote areas, much of which is desert or bordering on desert (Figure 1). They need a large amount of money to develop ‘desert’ areas; to build more buildings and to provide many services, the cost is significantly higher. Is it reasonable to spend billions of dollars to develop these desert projects? Secondly, the government spent $5.7 billion of dollars on aboriginal people between 2009 and 2010. The productivity commission estimates that 18.6% of the total expenses is provided to indigenous closing the gap (Biddle, 2016). We can see that the money is not well-spent to change the indigenous society. In terms of ‘closing the gap’, there has been only marginal improvement in the lives of Aboriginal people. Closing the gap in education, health and other things between indigenous and Australians is an unattainable goal that will be difficult for Australia to meet in the future. However, a new report card finds the Closing the Gap program is failing on six out of seven key measures (Brennan, 2017). There are many challenges facing aboriginal communities, and the aimless investment on indigenous communities is not currently developing outcomes. The government should find a strategy that respects the humanity of Aboriginal people while also producing significant change.
Fitzpatrick’s article provides a considerable analysis of the socioeconomic situation of aboriginal people and makes the conclusion that indigenous communities remain ‘asset rich, dirt poor’ after Mabo Case. Mabo can be seen as a failure so the author points to the need for long-term investment, which Aboriginal society can share in the ‘Australian dream’. For my part, the author does not seem to appreciate the size of the challenge facing government and Aboriginal communities. More money by itself will not solve the problem. The article lacks balance in this area. It needed to examine the challenge facing Aboriginal society in more than just financial terms to arrive at a considered analysis and more balanced solution to the problem.
Behrendt, L. (2007). Finding the promise of Mabo. Retrieved from ADCQ: https://www.adcq.qld.gov.au/resources/a-and-tsi/mabo-oration/2007-mabo-oration/Finding-the-promise-of-Mabo
Biddle, N. (2016). FactCheck Q&A: is $30 billion spent every year on 500,000 Indigenous people in Australia? Retrieved from THE CONVERSATION
Brenna, B. (2017). Closing the gap: Malcolm Turnbull says Indigenous health and wealth progress 'not enough' Retrieved from NEWS ABC
Pearson, N. (2010). Promise of Mabo not yet realized. Retrieved from THE AUSTRALIAN:
Reconciliation Australia. (27 May- 3 June, 2014). National Reconciliation Week. Retrieved from:
Ross, R. (2011). Putting dollars on disadvantage: Australia’s indigenous spending. Retrieved from THE COVERSATION:
Figure 1

More like A Review Of “indigenous Remain ‘asset Rich, Dirt Poor’ 25 Years After Mabo”. - ANU - Literature Review

Sri Lankan Smes Contribution To National Economy After The War - A-level, British School Colombo - Literature Review

2330 words - 10 pages ... opportunities encountered by small and medium enterprises after the war and examine how financial institutions and the government assist existing and upcoming businesses to grow and sustain; thus further contributing to the economy. 1.6 Synopsis 2.0 Chapter Two - Literature review 2.1 Small and medium size enterprises VS the war-torn economy of Sri Lanka Small and medium enterprises have the possible capability of solving economic and other aspects of the ...

Secret Life Of Bees Review Essay - Contemporary Literature - Review

624 words - 3 pages ... Arion Vance-Tresch Mrs. Hughes Contemporary Literature 13, March, 2018 Secret Life of Bees Review As a reader I would say that the book The secret Life of Bees by Sue Monk Kidd, was definitely worth reading. The book was able to interest me although I am a fantasy reader. The author did a fantastic job of creating an interesting variety of characters, from your main character, a damaged white teenage girl, to a very accepting middle aged black ...

Anatomy Of A Jury Book Review - \ - Book Review

1117 words - 5 pages ... woman with a hearing problem, was a potential juror for this case. She grew up in a house that her father had built years ago but was thinking about leaving the neighborhood because of "all the blacks moving in and everything" and she wanted to move into an apartment in a "clean, safe neighborhood." This description of her alone gives an understanding of the potential problems of a jury and the idea of a "random selection." Maureen and he thoughts of ...

Movie Review - Perks Of Being A Wallflower

445 words - 2 pages Free ... have been around for quite some time. Each website has a "Contact" page, and a specific information about the author along with other reviews that he/she wrote. The content is modern and relevant to the when the movie came out (2012). Over all, both of my sources pass an evaluation base on authority, coverage, currency. Seeing as a review is an opinionated form of writing, it's a lot more difficult to define accuracy. However, the objectivity ...

Review Of" I Knew A Woman"

662 words - 3 pages ... At first glance, the poem "I Knew a Woman," presents the reader an innocent view of a man reflecting back on a relationship with a woman. On the surface, the speaker portrays the woman as virtuous and pure. Upon closer examination, the opening stanza reveals what is to follow. The speaker's choice of words in the line "Ah, when she moved, she moved more ways than one" suggest that the words in the poem as well as the woman will move more ways ...

Film Review Of "to Kill A Mockingbird"

535 words - 3 pages ... riddled with racial discrimination. Though discrimination is often less overt today than what is depicted in the film, many forms of racism still exist and for this reason it is important for everyone to see this movie. It became famous not only for its excellent acting and directing, but also because its message hit home with so many people. Racism does still exist today, and movies which create awareness of this social problem are important. To Kill a Mockingbird does this perfectly and is just as timely today as it was forty years ago when it was initially released. ...

A Book Review- ‘the Dream Of Delhi As A Global City’ - La Trobe University - Review

1122 words - 5 pages ... globalization. Long range planning issues: Stephen S. Cohen & Gavin Boyd (Eds); Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK, 2000, pp. 373', International Business Review, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 251-252. Irfan, U 2017, 'How Delhi became the most polluted city on Earth', Vox Media, . Schindler, S 2014, 'A New Delhi every day: multiplicities of governance regimes in a transforming metropolis', Urban Geography, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 402-419. ...

A Critical Review Of The Prince - Junior, Beijing Foreign Studies University - Book Review

1550 words - 7 pages ... colonies as the second best method, for it costs less and invites fewer related problems.[footnoteRef:1] Machiavelli claims that the establishment of colonies only harms the poor people who are at a disadvantaged place concerning its number and power, and that other people in society will remain silent, for their benefits are not invaded and they fear the authorities. However, the argument does not stand in reasoning and in reality. Machiavelli ...

A Review Of William Faulkner's "A Rose For Emily"

1763 words - 8 pages Free ... later she was seen buying a complete outfit of men's clothing, including a nightshirt. Homer was not seen for a week or so but he eventually came back into town and a neighbor saw the manservant let him in at the kitchen door. That was the last time anyone would ever seeHomer until forty years later. After Emily's death the townspeople broke down a door to a room in Emily's house and there lay Homer's skeleton in a double bed. In the room was the ...

Job Satisfaction Literature Review - MBA Course - Report

1691 words - 7 pages ... Organisation: Behaviour, Structure, Processes Name and student number: Mo Tang 30121394 Course ID: BUMGT5921 Title of work being submitted: Individual Literature Review Lecturer: Dr. Senani Rajamanthri Date submitted: 10-08-2018 Word account: 1435 words Introduction In recent years, there has been growing academic interest in the concept of job satisfactions. More and more orgainasations and employees focus on why job satisfactions have sharply ...

Macroeconomic Review Of Japan

9970 words - 40 pages ... problems in the country's economy in general and the poor productivity of companies in the non-tradable sectors in particular.Japan's economyJapan's economic slump began with a stock market crash in 1989; persistent deflation then lowered wages and discouraged investment. (Not coincidentally, its famous Ministry for International Trade and Industry, since renamed, has lost much of the clout it wielded in the 1980s.) For years the Bank of Japan took a ...

A Literature Review Based On The Decounting Kmart Australia - Robina - Essay

552 words - 3 pages ... Gibberellin Literature Review Introduction A knowledge of plant hormones is important not only for understanding biological processes, but also for improving agricultural and horticultural practices. In the present study, the role of gibberellic acid in promoting germination is investigated. This experiment will assess whether bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) seeds germinate faster when treated with gibberellic acid than when treated with water alone ...

Review Of Black Majority

1676 words - 7 pages ... Peter Wood's Black Majority is a clear and distinctive history of the English South Carolina Colony. He unravels their history through an examination of the black population in the colony from 1670 through the aftermath of the Stono Rebellion. Following the course of Wood's examination we are able to obtain a social, political and economic understanding of life in South Carolina during this time.Only after reading Black Majority can one come to ...

What Is Truth? A Literature Review - GMU PHIL 253 - Final Paper

1814 words - 8 pages ... upon truths to Nietzsche is the fact that humans forget that we lied to ourselves to create them. Nietzsche says we humans willingly put on this disguise in order to have a high functioning society, but all too often we forget the disguise is on and in turn think accept the lie as reality (Nietzsche 55). Forgetting the reality of the lies is the same danger that Lispector’s G.H. encounters in The Passion According to G.H. After G.H. has this life ...

Literature Review Of Leadership Development: How To Make Leadership More Efficient - University Of Queensland - Assignment

1395 words - 6 pages ... Literature Review of Leadership Development: How to make leadership more efficient Introduction How to make leadership more efficient? Leadership is not management or guidance. Leadership is the ability to inspire or influence others' goals to leaders, and a successful leader must convince his or her followers that they are a team or family, not just the relationship between the leader and the subordinates. If they have confidence in you and ...