After going on a diet, Schmidt has lost 80 pounds. Explain how his eating, exercise habits, and/or emotions may be or may have been influenced by the following terms. Answer in the SODAS format. Definitions alone do not score.
· Drive-Reduction theory
· Incentive theory
· Yerkes-Dodson Law
· Set Point
· Hierarchy of Needs
· Facial Feedback Effect
· Schachter-Singer Two Factor Theory
Drive-reduction theory is the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state that motivates an organism to satisfy the need. The drive-reduction theory may influence Schmidt through his eating habits. Before, Schmidt may have eaten more than necessary, which caused him to gain all the weight. Now that he has lost 80 pounds, Schmidt now only eats what he needs to satisfy his hunger, rather than overeating.
The incentive theory is a positive or negative environment stimulus that motivates behavior. Schmidt may have been motivated by a reward from some sort of challenge for losing a certain amount of weight. Due to the reward, Schmidt may have more incentive to better his eating and exercising habits to claim his reward.
The Yerkes-Dodson law is the principle that performance increases with arousal only up to a point, beyond which performance decreases. When Schmidt goes to work out, he may be motivated and ready to work out, and he performs well at the beginning. However, as time goes on, as his arousal continues to increase, he may reach a point in which his performance may decrease due to muscle soreness. If Schmidt does not exceed the optimal level of arousal while working out and has a good workout, he will feel more motivated to...