African Origins Of Homo Sapiens Vs Multiregionalists Morehouse Essay

1800 words - 8 pages

Ronnell Fuller Page 1 
Dr. Ligon 
English 102 
November 20, 2017 
African Origins Of Homo Sapiens Vs Multiregionalists  
For the past few decades, hypotheses based on sacred excavations and paleontology have 
to lead to the thought and wonders of how the modern human came to form. Questions such as 
how he lived, his intellectual ability, what he used to hunt with, and most importantly where he 
came from have all revolved scientists minds. Currently, there are two standing two schools of 
thought; that being the “Multiregionalism” and “Out of Africa”. Those who believe in the 
multiregionalist theory suggests that before the modern human came to form, the pre-existing 
form, “homo erectus” did not appear in Africa but emigrated through all three regions of the 
world separately. However, this claim takes away the belief that the human race was not birthed 
from Africans but instead has European ancestry and it’s existing evidence to prove otherwise. 
Through the lens of a more intelligent view of this ongoing debate, it is obvious that the 
creationist myths are is no longer sufficient to explain the origins of humanity. By studying the 
theory of evolution here is existing evidence to prove that the multiregionalists theory is 
inaccurate and simply a false theory as to where the first/modern human originated. Scientific 
evidence proves that that not only did homo erectus first derive from Africa but also so did the 
first homo sapiens.  
According to the article “Origins of Modern Humans: Multiregional or Out of Africa?” 
Johanson, Donald focuses on the origins of modern humans is one of the most hotly debated 
issues in paleoanthropology. He states that about 100,000 years ago, the World was occupied by 
a diverse group of hominids. In the Middle East and Africa, there were Homo sapiens. In Asia, 
Homo erectus; and in Europe Homo neanderthalensis. However, by 30,000 years ago this 
diversity vanished and humans everywhere had evolved into the anatomically and behaviorally 
modern form. The nature of this transformation is the focus of great deliberation between two 
intellectual groups: one that stresses multiregional continuity and the other that suggests a single 
origin for modern humans. 
Scientist began to study the DNA record of human and animal genes. Because DNA is 
inherited, differences and similarities in the proteins and DNA of animals(including humans) 
living today suggest the date up to which they might have shared common ancestors before 
separating into different streams of evolution. Extending the method further, researchers have 
analyzed the mitochondrial DNA of thousands of women living today, and conclude that Homo 
sapiens sapiens emerged solely from Africa around 120,000 years ago and that all of us today are 
descendants of a single woman living in Africa about 200,000 years ago. 
While both groups of scholars are contingent on the variety of racial development 
between the six hominids groups: homo sapiens, homo...

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