Aircraft Security A Human Factors Concept

2860 words - 12 pages

AbstractThis research paper will briefly discuss the history, trends and challenges on how best to secure aircraft, passenger and airports from threats. The issue of security of aircraft and its cargo has been debated and discussed since the early era of commercial flight. A major shift in thought to aircraft and airport security here in America began with the horrific tragedies of Sept 11, 2001. Many countries such as Israel have been dealing with these issues for some time now. Topics discussed in this paper are current and future trends affecting our safety. Many areas covered are successful and unsuccessful trends leading up to and after September 11th.IntroductionThe aviation indus ...view middle of the document...

The first recorded skyjacking of an airplane took place on Feb. 21, 1931 at the city of Arequipa, Peru when a group of rebel soldiers in Peru forced two American pilots to fly them about and drop propaganda leaflets over Lima. The pilots refused and the rebels ended their seizure on March 2, without any damages to the plane.The first case of skyjacking within the United States occurred on May 1, 1961, when a man forced a commercial airliner enroute from Miami to Key West, Fla., to detour to Cuba. It was the first of four flights diverted to Cuba that year.The use of hi-jacking has not always been for extreme acts of violence. At the beginning of aviation, many air piracy incidents occurred for the freedom of individuals from one country to another. This type of hi-jacking occurred during the 1940's and 50's. Many people did not agree with Communism and fled their country. Many Americans condoned this behavior thinking it was the right thing to do. Unfortunately, we are the example of our own misgivings. We believe some hi-jacking are alright if the cause can be explained, when we should be disciplining every accounted air piracy that has ever taken place. Until America realizes terrorists will kill for what they believe, no one is safe in the aviation industry.After years of a growing economy, aviation came to a stop. The new presidential administration must keep consumer confidence high. The economy and the aviation industry parallel each other. As one is affected the other is sure to follow. With this in mind, the last several years have been a roller coaster for both fields. What will happen next? What will happen with the traveling public? Like in the past, as the economy grows people earn more money. Having more money allows people to travel. Without the money people will not travel. Now throw a third variable into the mix, terrorism. If one is afraid to fly, what do they do with their money? Save it or spend it elsewhere.Before September 11th, no one had ever imagined such destruction could be caused from a hijacking. Everyone heard of bombs going off in planes and people dying from airplane crashes. When one thinks of hijacking, we think someone desperate to get attention. Possibly to free comrades or make a point religiously. Will the hijackers harm the people? Hopefully in the end the hostages are released, the hijackers arrested and everyone goes on about their business. New terror is realized when hijacking not only kills the people on board the plane, but the people that innocently sit at work in a building. Now aircraft are the weapon not the people on board. Aircraft Security must change to give passengers confidence to fly. Some people fly because their job requires while others fly for recreation. The aviation industry makes most of its profits from business and a small percentage from recreation. These are the majority of people that must be protected. Will we see changes in the air transportation industry and how will th...


Free Flight: Next Generation of Air Traffic Control - Everglades University - Aviation - Research Paper

1285 words - 6 pages protected zones, a minimum separation distance is implemented and if an aircraft or another object comes into the area, the crew would be immediately alerted. Even though pilots will be given strict instructions on aircraft separation, human error can still present itself, resulting in a collision or near-miss situation. The separation concept of free flight relies heavily on system technology. The newest form of technology for this concept is ADS

Potential Threat: The New OAS Concept Of Hemispheric Security

2133 words - 9 pages armed forces increase their presence in national politics. The 1999 Constitution created a new security and national defense model which includes an economic, social, political and environmental factors, areas traditionally not seen as related to security.Argentina, like many other Latin American countries that have suffered military dictatorships responsible for serious and widespread human rights violation, has a legal framework that prohibits

Assignment - Airport Noise - The importance of managing the airports nosies - University of Huddersfield final year - Assignment

3519 words - 15 pages 0 AIRLINE AND AIRPORT ECONOMICS AND MARKETING AIRPORT NOISE NUISANCE E.MARIGNAN U1667185 WORDS:2536 18 FABRUARY 2019 1 I - Executive Summary The research will deal with aviation noise but more specifically about airport noises, which is one of the main factors for communities’ complaints around airports. Indeed, a constant exposure to aircraft noises is negatively affecting health and quality of life of those living around airports. In fact, the

Around the world the world in a blink of eye. - NJIT HUM102 - Research paper

2521 words - 11 pages (Freed). How will the development of supersonic aircraft change the way in which we perceive the notion of distance and travel? The supersonic flight that ruled the skies in early 2000 is not there anymore, although some companies are fighting to the re-introduct the concept in the sky. This proposal will give more insights into the concepts of supersonic flights and the perception of people on the ability to travel at the speeds faster than sound. A

CAFS preliminary study notes - Resource Management - Year 11 Community and Family Studies - Study Notes

4332 words - 18 pages wellbeing SPEECS 
 S Social P Physical E Emotional E Economic C Cultural S Spiritual emotional Emotional factors: factors relating to feelings. Examples of emotional needs include: 
 -  Attachment and bonding, giving and receiving love and affection, feeling a sense of belonging 
 -  Security and stability within the family unit and social group 
 -  Receiving encouragement 
 -  Promotion of a good self image and self concept 
 -  Independence that is

British Nuclear Deterrent Debate 1940s - History - Debate Notes

593 words - 3 pages nuclear state uses for maintaining nuclear arsenals, including the UK. The concept of nuclear deterrence follows the rationale of the 'first user' principle: states reserve the right to use nuclear weapons in self-defence against an armed attack threatening their vital security interests. Possession of nuclear weapons could be seen as the ultimate bargaining tool in international diplomacy, instantly giving any nuclear state a seat at the top

An external environment assessment of an aviation business - RMIT - Assignment

2319 words - 10 pages Environment (PESTLE) PESTLE analysis is a concept or an analytical tool to determine the macro environment (external forces) which impacts the organization. In this aspect of the report, we identify 6 main external forces; (Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Environmental and Legal) which affects SIA. 3.1 Political Political factors decide the degree to which a legislature may impact the economy or a specific industry. (Dahlstrom, 2011

Bay of Pigs Invasion: Effects on the World - Parklands College, 11K - Research Essay

2939 words - 12 pages Guatemala, where the CIA had been involved in a coup d’etat in 1954 (The idea of training on U.S. soil had been dismissed by then) (Smith, 2013). They also received military equipment from the U.S. military, including fighter aircraft “sanitised” (i.e. all U.S. symbols were removed) so as to obscure their true origin (Hagedorn, 2006). The plan’s concept as proposed to Kennedy went as follows: An all-Cuban air force of about 750 men would make a

International Organisations Essay - International Organisations UTS - Essay

4008 words - 17 pages with its mounting necessity, two major documents were presented on the UN World Summit in 2005; the final report of the High-Level Panel Talk[footnoteRef:24] and the Secretary-General’s report entitled, “In Larger Freedom: Towards Development, Security and Human Rights for All”[footnoteRef:25]. These reports predicated two models referred to as A and B, respectively, sharing the recommendation of allocating seats on a regional basis, in pursuit

Ethically Responsible News Reporting

1243 words - 5 pages Ethically Responsible and Irresponsible News ReportingEthically responsible is a theory that goes with the premise that equality should prevail in society and that society should respect each other's human rights and in return will preserve the dignity and respect of each other and other members of society. Objectivity in reporting also adds to the theory of ethics because objective reporting is a concept that journalists should report without

An Introduction To Barcoding

4782 words - 20 pages narrow and wide bars and spaces to encode a single character. Therefore, there is no restriction on the length of each character. There is also a full ASCII version of the code that can handle lowercase letters. The major advantages of Code 39 are the high level of data security provided by the self-checking feature and the wide tolerance for printing and scanning.Code 128 Code 128 is more complex, yet versatile than any code discussed thus far

Space Ship One: Scaled Composites Venture To Win The X Prize And To Put Civilians In Space

4113 words - 17 pages the winning of the X Prize meant so much more than just the money. He truly believed that a renaissance of space travel had not taken place, as had the development of aircraft. Rutan believed that space travel was primitive and underdeveloped. It was his desire to revitalize the concept of space travel and its reality that drove him to begin the conceptual design hopes of inspiring others to follow his lead. With estimated research and development

Marketing strategies of virgin atlantic - BA Hons - Essay

2152 words - 9 pages , price, place and promotion. The four Ps were then developed by Booms and Bitner in 1981 to form the 7 Ps, add-ons included physical environment, process and people. These 7ps are a reflection of the developing of marketing services now worth 76% of the national economy (ONS 2016) (which was having a great effect on the economy.) Presently, marketing has led to the development of the marketing concept, which is according to ICMBA “the philosophy

reevaluating who is in the TSA, airport security will be improved - English 11 - Persuasive

479 words - 2 pages Free September 11th, 2001, a date engraved in everyone’s mind. The tragic day four aircraft were hijacked and thousands lost their lives.  It was unexpected, and the United States was unprepared for the attacks. After the devastation occurred, the United States implemented new rules and regulations for airport screenings. Even after the additions to security, airports are still in need of additional screening and protection. With the addition of

Psych 201 Notes on multiple chapters throughout the course - TOWSON PSYC201 - Notes

964 words - 4 pages & security) 2. Encourage talk (ok to share feelings about stressful events) 3. Protect Must Do Short Essay #1 Describe the two processes involved in Piaget’s concept of ‘equilibration” Give real life examples for each process Chapter 4: Binet’s Intelligence test Mental Age: An individual’s level of mental development relative to others. Intelligence Quotient (IQ): A score designed Gardener’s Eight “Frames of Mind” Chapter 6: Learning Disabilities Children have normal or above average intelligence 7