Online Learning vs Traditional Learning Annotated Bibliography
Anderson, Terry. The Theory and Practice of Online Learning. Second edition, AU Press, 2008.
Aslanian, Carol, and David L. Clinefelter. Online College Students 2013: Comprehensive Data on Demands and Preferences. The Learning House, Inc., June 2013.
“Beyond the Traditional Classroom: Improved Learning Design.” Carlson School of Management, 28 June 2017, carlsonschool.umn.edu/news/beyond-the-traditional-classroom-improved-learning-design.
Colvin, Kimberly F, et al. “Learning in an Introductory Physics MOOC: All Cohorts Learn Equally, Including an on-Campus Class.” The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, vol. 15, no. 4, 15 Sept. 2014, doi:10.19173/irrodl.v15i4.1902.
Summary: A research study that was conducted by researchers from Harvard University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Tsinghua University in China to demonstrate that online classes are on par with classes that are taught in the classroom. The methodology in this study was to take an existing class that is offered at MIT and have one group of students take it in a traditional classroom setting while another group take it fully online. To identify the effectiveness between the two learning styles, researchers analyzed test results, homework, and responses to questions from students in both groups. At the end of their study, they concluded that the students who took the online version of the class performed better than the ones who took the traditional version.
Evaluation: This source is very useful and would be referenced frequently in my paper because it can be used to counter a common argument against online education, which is that students who take online classes do not learn as effectively as they do in a traditional classroom setting. Also, the results from this source would help to bolster the points that I brought up in favor of online education. Finally, a huge strength of this source is that it conveys the data effectively using visual elements such as data tables and graphs.
Harden, Nathan. “The End of the University as We Know It.” The American Interest, The American Interest, 11 Dec. 2012, www.the-american-interest.com/2012/12/11/the-end-of-the-university-as-we-know-it/.
Summary: The article predicts that in less than 50 years, approximately fifty percent of colleges that are operating in America will no longer exist due to online education overtaking the traditional classroom model. The author supports this claim by providing factors that are responsible for making the online classroom popular in the first place and why its popularity will continue to increase. A few of these factors include rising tuition rates, credential inflation, and the creation of graduate degrees. Essentially, he is utilizing evidence from the past and current situation of online learning to assess the future of the traditional higher learn...