Applied Research Essay

5284 words - 22 pages



Applied Research Methods

Applied Research Methods


Successful product development requires managing tensions--coping with fluctuating contingencies to foster innovation and efficiency. To investigate this challenge, we explored the nature, dynamics, and impacts of contrasting project management styles. Our conceptual framework details emergent and planned styles. Following 80 projects over two-year periods, we find that these styles offer disparate but interwoven approaches to monitoring, evaluation, and cont ...view middle of the document...

This literature highlights the tensions surrounding product development: project managers must cope with multiple--and often conflicting and fluctuating--contingencies as they seek to foster innovation and efficiency. Yet critics also note the limitations of a contingency approach (e.g., Dougherty, 2004, 433; Pennings, 2002, 130-38). To make sense of seemingly conflicting findings, researchers need more encompassing theoretical frameworks. Such frameworks might enable insights into how managers adjust their behaviours and organizations to changing contingencies. From a practical standpoint, however, contingency studies need greater precision. By virtue of operating at high levels of analysis, research often lacks an action orientation and offers limited managerial guidance.

Quinn (2000, 86-90) proposed an alternative approach that may foster simultaneously broad and detailed understandings of management. He claimed that researchers might extend contingency studies by examining more general managerial capabilities or styles. Management style denotes an underlying mode of thinking and behaving that in turn promotes a specific repertoire of actions that managers draw upon in contexts of varying complexity and uncertainty. Historically, the research literature has polarized management styles, framing them in terms such as convergent/divergent thinking, transactional/ transformational leadership, theory X/theory Y. Likewise, product development researchers often stress divergence between an emergent and a planned style. Some advocate an emergent, fluid style of management as a means to foster creativity and improvisation (e.g., Doughtery, 2002; Moorman & Miner, 2002, 1-20). Others prescribe disciplined planning as a way to focus and speed project efforts (Zirger & Maidique, 2005, 867-83). Yet proponents of both styles also recognize the need for balance. Case studies richly depict the interplay of emergent and planned styles (e.g., Jelinek & Schoonhoven, 2005, 55-60). Laufer's (2001, 144-49) case collection, for example, illustrates how exceptional project managers are capable of moving iteratively between contrasting styles in response to contending demands.

To date, however, product development literature lacks clear conceptualizations and corresponding measures of project management styles. Indeed, Dougherty (2004, 430-34) called for constructs that capture the tensions of product development. Prescriptions for emergent and planned styles may reflect these tensions. Rather than another normative model, researchers need measures that help assess disparate, but potentially complementary, ways of managing. She also argued that more effective constructs would build from the activities of project management. Identifying varied approaches to specific managerial activities would enhance research precision and relevance. Without such constructs, researchers and practitioners are left questioning the nature, dynamics, and impacts...


Essay On Applied Research ,Ethods

3782 words - 16 pages methods include: surveys, observations and questionnaires.DATA COLLECTION METHODSFor our purpose we will make use of some of these as not all of the methods can be applied fro our research. We will design questionnaires which will be given out to the sample of people which we have selected from the general population. A separate questionnaire will be designed for companies. Managers of some companies will also be interviewed to provide us with

Evidence Based Practice and Applied Nursing - Research Paper

3934 words - 16 pages spiritually. According to the Emergency Care Research Center of England, the risk of death is 2 to 6 times higher for patients with pressure ulcers than for patients without pressure ulcers. (Hetmatpou et al. 2018) Current practice related to the problem There are different guidelines as to how a nurse should prevent and treat a pressure ulcer, depending on the facility that one works at, but there are some standard guidelines that can be found on

criminal law applied to courts police and corrections - tsc - research paper

2460 words - 10 pages Criminal Law Courts, Police, and Corrections. Perez 1 Criminal law courts, POLICE, and corrections. perez 11 Criminal Law applied to the Courts, Police, and Corrections. Rose Perez Texas Southmost College Abstract Criminal law applies to everyone especially the ones who work for the government themselves. The law officers like the police have strict policies on how they should work

Applied Science Essay

444 words - 2 pages . Before the national science foundation was set up, the national union of scientific workers and agriculture secretary requested more funding they stated that their research had no industrial bearing at all, whereas they later claimed that it was the foundation for progress in the industry - They had no clear idea of what the benefits and implications of basic research entailed.Without the applied research aspect of science we would never witness nor

Applied concepts in Physiotherapy - Teesside University 2:1 - Essay

2820 words - 12 pages Applied Concepts of Health and Wellbeing “Healthcare reform is being driven by the rhetoric around patient-centered care yet no common definition exists” (Kitson et al. 2013, P.4) PHY2019-N Word Count: 2000 Candidate-Number: S6092868 19/03/2018 This text discusses the statement, “Healthcare reform is driven by the rhetoric around patient-centred care yet no common definition exists” (Kitson et al. 2013, p.4). It is well documented that patient

Applied Sports Formative Assigment - Applied Sports Science - Reserch Paper

754 words - 4 pages Free Running head: observation guide for free throw foul shots 1 observation guide for free throw foul shots 8 Observation Guide for Free Throw Foul Shots in Basketball Joshua K. A. Wolfe Valdosta State University Abstract This project was a beneficial opportunity for developing a more inclusive and detailed approach to observing and analyzing individuals during the execution of skills/activities that I may be inclined to coach in the future. As a

Applied Anthropology Final Essay - University of New England and 2021 - Essay

1433 words - 6 pages Free Victoria Morse Professor Mackenzie Crouse Final Essay May 2, 2018 Language is an important aspect in people's cultures and societies. There are over 6,000 different languages in the world today. Language is the key to understanding others. Without languages we would not have an efficient way of communicating with others. Lera Boroditsky discusses the problem of how language changes the way we see the world and the way we think. There are many

Freytag's Pyramid Applied - A Very Old Man With Enormous Wings - hhc/enc1102 - Assignment

497 words - 2 pages Freytag’s Pyramid Applied Everyone remembers being taught the parts of a story as a child: beginning, middle, and end. That is a simple and effective method to write anything, created by Aristotle. Gustav Freytag later developed an in-depth layout for the progression of events in a story’s plot which became known as Freytag’s Pyramid. In the short story, “A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings," by Gabriel García Márquez, the parts of the pyramid

btec level 3 applied science 90-credit unit 20 radioactivity and the atom - solihull college, physics - assignment

1238 words - 5 pages By Kiera Gambon Unit 20 Medical Physics Tutor: Balbinder Task 1 (a) The structure of an atom is quite simple(a). Within the nucleus there are two types of particles: protons and neutrons. (Protons and neutrons can be split even further but I will discuss this later) (c). a Both have a similar mass of one, However, neutrons have no charge whereas protons are positively charged to counteract electrons. Electrons are negatively charged particles

Qualitative and Quantitative Research - Grand Canyon PCN 540 - Essay

733 words - 3 pages goals of Mexican American adolescent females. Essential Components When Applying Qualitative Methods To Counseling Outcomes Qualitative methods consists of essential components that are applied when implementing to counseling outcomes as suggsted by Beail & Williams, (2014), make sure the research question is well developed; ensure chosen methods are biased free and will be used for effective results; methods are appropriate to address the research

Great Computer Assignment For Highschool Students

465 words - 2 pages Free of human thought, and the technological development of increasingly sophisticated computing systems.In the latter sense, the term AI has been applied to computer systems and programs capable of performing tasks more complex than straightforward programming, although still far from the realm of actual thought. The most important fields of research in this area are information processing, pattern recognition, game-playing computers, and applied

How useful are personality tests in measuring personality? - Personality and Individual Differences - Psychology - Essay

1881 words - 8 pages investigating the usefulness of both tests, assessing their format, benefits and limitations, validity and reliability and applicability to clinical/workplace/ethnic criteria. Limitations relating to both the Myer-Briggs Type Indicator and the NEO-Personality Inventory-Revised tests are discussed. A majority of research indicates that the NEO-Personality Inventory-Revised test is most applicable to the clinical field of applied psychology and the Myer

Desribe and evaluate the filter theory of attraction - A level - Essay

599 words - 3 pages complementarity more important for long term partners, people have different needs like each other as they provide each other with mutual satisfaction of these opposed needs. · In long term relationships people are attracted to others whose needs are harmonious with their own. A03; Research support; Kerchkoff and Davies One strength of research into the filter theory affecting attraction is that there is research supporting the importance of different

Emotional intelligence and Nursing - Nursing - Essay

1058 words - 5 pages 1 | P a g e School of Nursing NMIH101 Spring 2018 Details of Assessment Tasks 1. Assessment task 1 Assessment Title eLearning Posting Task Description Choose one (1) of the three (3) concepts below as applied to the health context : • self-awareness, • emotional intelligence or • empathy Based on the concept you have chosen, post a short answer (total of 700 words) in the Moodle discussion forum (in the assessment 1 folder) that addresses the

Outline and evaluate the ethological explanation of aggression - psychology - essay 16 marker

672 words - 3 pages Outline and evaluate the ethological explanation of aggression (16 marks) In his book, On Aggression, Lorenz (1966) stressed that as humans are animals and therefore show similar behaviour to other animals, his ethological research could be generalised onto humans as part of the evolutionary approach to explaining human aggression. Lorenz proposed four main driving forces behind the behaviour of any animal: fear, hunger, reproduction and