CHAPTER 22: THE ORDEAL OF RECONSTRUCTION
1. What was the fate of the Confederate leaders after the Civil War?
They were jailed at first but were released in 1868 by president Johnson after Lincoln’s assassination
2. What was the state of the postwar economy in the South?
The economy in the south was destroyed. They no longer had slaves to run their large plantations which was a large source of income. They also had to rebuild cities and buildings that were all destroyed during warfare.
3. What did emancipation mean to Southern blacks?
A lot of freed blacks searched for lost family members, got married and started churches. There were also some who moved North in seek of employment.
4. What was the Thirteenth Amendment?
The 13th Amendment abolished slavery in the United States
5. What was the Freedmen's Bureau? Accomplishments?
It was a system to assist the freed blacks in the U.S. It supplied African Americans with food, clothing, medical care, and education. The biggest accomplishment was educating the freed slaves, teaching them how to read and write.
6. Why was Andrew Johnson included on the Republican ticket in 1864?
Because Lincoln needed to gain support from southerners
7. What was Lincoln's plan for Reconstruction?
rapid readmission of southern states into the union - oath of loyalty to union to be given by only 10% of eligible voters and readmission
8. What was the Wade-Davis Bill?
It denied the right to vote or hold office for those who served in the confederacy
9. What was Johnson's plan for Reconstruction?
Johnson’s plan was a quick reconstruction for the south after similar requirements to that of Lincoln's plan to rebuild.
10. What were the black codes? Purpose?
Black codes were laws put into effect to limit the rights of blacks. The south used it as a way to deny citizenship to African Americans.
11. How did the North view the black codes?