Art Of Influence: To Modify The Human Genome Or Not To English 1302 Research

897 words - 4 pages

Lauren Lopez
Professor Wilson
English 1301-DC010
30 November 2018
To Modify the Human Genome, or Not to Modify the Human Genome
New genetic technologies allow scientists to edit human genes or delete mutant ones and replace them with a healthy one; this may enable doctors to dispel disease genes. Sounds like science fiction right? These gene-editing technologies are real and one of the more efficient technologies is called CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats). This allows scientists to edit the genome by simply, “Cutting out one gene and replacing it with another” (Adams p. 531). This technology is now attainable by scientists and doctors around the world. Due to the simplicity, precision, and high-speed compared to other technologies, several scientists fear it is just a matter of time before someone uses the technology for further unrestricted modifications of the human genome. Although some scientists believe in banishing human disease with technology, others believe it is unethical.
The first time scientists edited DNA in human embryos was in May of 2015. In this attempt, Chinese researchers edited the gene that causes a blood disorder, beta thalassemia. This reduces the production of hemoglobin that can then lead to a lack of oxygen in many parts of the body. At the time this research was considered “off limits” and called “unsafe and premature.” Of the 86 embryos edited, only 28 were successful. This led the researchers to believe that their data supported notions that clinical application of CRISPR is premature at that stage. In December of 2015, a group of international scientists met to discuss germline editing and the decided it would be “irresponsible to proceed” until it could be better approached. This meeting was convened by, “the National Academy of Sciences, the Institute of Medicine, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Royal Society of London” (Ladika p.763). In spite of the concerns of the government and several scientists, in 2016 Chinese researchers made “four of 26 embryos resistant to HIV infection” (Ladika p.763). Again, in 2017, these researchers corrected mutations in three embryos. One of these embryos corrected a mutation for the blood disorder previously stated: beta thalassemia, and the other two embryos had a mutation that could eliminate red blood cells.
CRISPR has been used in mouse genetics and researchers have found there are limitations. One limitation is since the scope of the DNA repair system is not to integrate DNA fragments in the genome, “targeted alleles often carry additional modifications, such as deletions, partial or multiple integrations of the targeting vector, and even duplications.”(Flora and Welcker). Another limitation “observed in founder mice generated using the CRISPR/Cas9 approach makes the identification of unwanted genomic modifications at the target site very challenging” (Flora and Welcker). In mice research, the main limitation is the ex...


The Importance of MNC'S to the World: Good or Bad Influence

414 words - 2 pages over a period of time, which usually involves a structural and institutional change in an economy. In addition, MNC's goals are the reduction of relative and absolute poverty, the increase of employment and the improvement of social welfare. Therefore, it leads to a higher standard of life to all.Determining the positions (in favor or against) of nation-states towards MNC's is a bit complicated and not always logical. Generally speaking, developed

The Tendency to Lack Empathy: Essay on Technological Influence - College of the Canyons - English 101 - Essay

1786 words - 8 pages the algorithms used by corporate sites like Google, Amazon, and Netflix, which show users content based on what they’ve purchased or liked in the past. These types of filters make it increasingly difficult for Internet users to 6 discover content outside their pre-existing networks” (Jacobson). The internet tailors to our apparent interests and blocks out any other perspectives. So while we might not be trying to remain ignorant, our social

What are stakeholders? Why can they influence organisations? Do stakeholders always have the same amount of influence over an organisation? Why or why not?<Tab/>

427 words - 2 pages likely to seek more dependable buyers, whereas governments can prosecute the company. Meanwhile, unions may engage in disruptive labor disputes and rivals may respond to unfair competition by anticompetitive moves of their own or by filing antitrust suits while communities may oppose the company's attempt to locate its facilities in their area, and the general public ma form pressure group demanding action against companies that impair the quality of life. Any of these reactions can have a disastrous impact on the organisations. So, that is why I think that stockholders do always have the same amount of influence over an organisation.

Food in Schools: To Eat or Not to Eat? - Fairleigh Dickinson University English - Essay

1600 words - 7 pages Food in Schools - To Eat or Not to Eat? Kristy Agresta, BSN, RN, CSN-NJ A controversy that has been plaguing school districts near and far has been food and its place in the educational system. Food has long since functioned in various ways: birthday and holiday celebrations, to increase funding, student incentives and rewards, class projects, and multicultural experiences. Often times when this conversation starts and change of food policy

Clara Lees cakes Pty Ltd - compensation received for the cancellation of contract to regarded as taxable or not??

410 words - 2 pages Free whether the compensation paid to Clara Lees is as assessable income or a capital receipt, we could refer the situation of Clara Lees cakes Pty Ltd to Allied Mill Industries Pty Ltd v FCT (1996) where the court held the compensation amount of $372,000 to be an assessable income. The amount paid was to compensate the loss of profit when the food manufacturer and distributors' rights to manufacture Vitawheat as a sole agent were terminated due to the

Hamlet. 'To Be Insane Or Not To Be Insane That Tis The Question'

1206 words - 5 pages 'To Be Insane or Not To Be Insane That Tis The Question'With in Hamlet, Shakespeare gives a psychological dimension to the thouoghts andactions of each of his characaters, exspecially hamlet. Shakespeare gives the reader anindepth look into the mind of Hamlet. If shakespeare had not given the reader the complexpsychological state of Hamlet, then yes one could say Hamlet was insane, but Shakespearedid. He made sure that there was an explanation

Going deeper into the life of Jane Eyre - english 1302 - Research Paper

2381 words - 10 pages Free helped her to become a woman and become the feminist she was by the end of the story. Jane Eyre was hero, a feminist hero to the women in her day and age. Her maturity and journey that she went through made her the hero and feminist she became. Jane Eyre lived a very complicated life. Orphaned at a young age and forced to live with her abusive aunt and cousins, Jane did not have a very happy or comfortable childhood. She later was sent to Lowood

What can a person do to defend the human rights of all people - English 10 - Esaay

480 words - 2 pages Daniela Meza 1st Period Ms.Gamez What can a person do to defend the human rights of all people Didn't we born to be free? As humans we have the right to be born free as Delano Roosevelt said ” Where, after all, do universal rights begin? In small places, close to home(...) unless these rights have meaning there, they have aa little meaning anywhere” Roosevelt meant that all rights are important for people and he declare that not just Americans

The revolutionary vision of human equality that Thomas Jefferson attempted to achieve. - Intermediate English Composition - Essay

1617 words - 7 pages comes from forming a movement with others online is one that can change the world for the better or the worse. Whether Alana was the culprit of this movement or not, this is for sure - we need to be clear-eyed about the challenge we are now facing. The internet makes it easier now than ever for sad and angry people to find each other and develop communities with absurd and violent ideologies. What society is seeing right now is one of the world’s

Homosexuality In A Christian Society....This Essay Discusses Both Sides To The Controversial Subject Of Whether Or Not Homosexuals Should Be Accepted By A Christian Civilization

1268 words - 6 pages regardless of ability, age, ethnicity, gender, race, sexual orientation, or social circumstances are welcome to full participation in the life of the congregation." Even with my church being open with this issue, I still am not sure how I feel on the matter. The morals of today's population vary from person to person, and a topic such as homosexuality, in this instance, can be very controversial in the current events of today's world. Should a

Racial Profiling in America: A Thing of the Past or Not? Research Paper

1324 words - 6 pages 5 Damilola Adesina ENGL-1302 Professor Lana L. Reese April 25, 2018 Racial Profiling in America: A Thing of the Past or Not? There are people of many different races, ethnicities, and religions living in America today. Despite the vast racial and cultural diversity of this nation, racism remains constant. It has greatly impacted society and has branched out into many places, taking on different faces. One of these faces is racial profiling. From

The Importance of an Unhealthy Lifestyle - English 1302 - Essay

729 words - 3 pages ENGL 1302-336 As life continues to come and go, people live in this world in extraordinary ways. As humans, people have distinctive ways of living their life as people are all different from one another. However, most people live in a certain negative way; although they might not see the problems, others around them do. That's why Steve Cutt's illustration revolves around the modern society that people live in. The sole purpose of this

The True Meaning of Casimir Pulaski Day - English 1302 - Essay

721 words - 3 pages , when Casimir Pulaski Day is celebrated, and he thought he saw her breathing, but she wasn’t. This song has always been one of my favorite songs since the moment I first listened to it, it’s something I myself can relate to. Having a loved one suffer and slowly die, and not being able to help or do anything about it. The song itself was simple and did not have much form, but the story it was telling is what made it so special to not only me, but to so many other of Stevens’ fans. Being able to play such a simple song with little structure that tells an entire story of having one of the closest people in his life die shows just how talented of an artist he is.

How to identify (or misidentify) the hobo spider Rick Vetter 1 and Art Antonelli 2 Response Essay

3498 words - 14 pages Free PLS 116 Page 1 How to identify (or misidentify) the hobo spider Rick Vetter 1 and Art Antonelli 2 Since the late 1980s, many people in Washington have been concerned about the hobo spider because it has been blamed as the cause of dermatologic wounds. We offer here a guide to help identify some medium-sized Washington spiders found in homes. However, keep in mind that without a microscope you may not be able to identify hobo spiders and may

French A-level- Human influence on the environment AO4 - French - Research

635 words - 3 pages Human influences on the environment · Leaching Trees leach nutrients when they are alive, but return nutrients to the soil when they die. When trees are cut down, nutrients get leached but not returned, resulting in infertile soil. · Soil erosion When trees are removed, soil can be washed away by rain as tree roots hold soil together (but there will be no tree roots, as there will be no trees). · Disturbance of the water cycle Trees take up