This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Artifacts Found From The Earliest Civilizations

609 words - 3 pages

Artifacts found from the earliest civilizations indicate that the most important concerns of these people were basic survival, finding food and shelter. Tools found from the era of Homohabilis, the first known species leading to modern man, were bones of animals, tree limbs and pieces of stone chipped to create sharp edges. These tools are believed to have been used not for hunting, but for digging, cutting plants, cracking nuts and slicing scavenged meat. These tools showed the first step towards civilization because it called for group cooperation. The next group of human ancestors was Homoerectus. They existed about 1.6 million years ago and were the first species to migrate out of Africa and start peopling the Earth. They engaged in collective hunting and learned how to use fire. Homoerectus began to evolve into Homosapiens about 300,000 years ago and ...view middle of the document...

This shows that they had religious beliefs even back then. Between 40,000 and 30,000 years ago, the Neanderthals were gone and the Eastern hemisphere was populated by human beings as we know them today. Some of the earliest human artifacts are cave paintings. Most paintings were of prancing animals and hunters. At this time, fishhooks, harpoons, bows, arrows and needles for sewing together animal skins were discovered. Masses of charred bones are evidence that these people had community feasts, which demonstrates the idea of cooperation and sharing. Eventually, natural food supplies began to diminish and people began to accomplish food production as well as the domestication of animals. From this, people were able to live in one place rather than travel to find more food. As a result, villages began to form, trade developed and population increased. This began the true birth of human civilization and written records. Artifacts found from this period were pottery, weaved baskets, tools and weapons. Since civilizations were starting to stay in one place, they built homes for year-round habitation, usually made from stone. They also began to be concerned with storing food and did not have to worry if the storage receptacles were suited for travel, so they made them from clay pots. They were also able to keep drinking water in their homes in clay pots. Baskets were useful to gather harvests and the weaving technique used to make baskets soon resulted in the production of clothing from sheep wool. Tools needed to be sharper and more durable to farm. Weapons emerged more for warfare rather than animal hunting. As civilizations progressed their artifacts began to progress as well. Artifacts used for entertainment purposes, luxury, weapons for warfare and other items began to surface. However, from the earliest artifacts found, historians can see that the most important concern in early civilizations was that of food, clothing, shelter, and basic survival.

Other Essays On Artifacts Found From The Earliest Civilizations

Symbol Of Vietnam: Non La Essay

710 words - 3 pages also used as a fan in the hot and dry weather. The non la is also a symbol of beauty because it shows the very poor, simple life of a Vietnamese farmer.The non la dates back to the earliest civilizations thousands of years ago. It was used in the rice fields by farmers because Vietnam is very hot almost year-round. In Vietnam, the farmers of rice and other vegetables usually do it by hand. They would go in the scorching hot sun and plant these

Comparative Study Of "Soylent Green" And George Orwell's "Animal Farm"

1395 words - 6 pages Throughout history the glaring flaws and weaknesses of human nature have been inflamed and exacerbated repeatedly to devastating effect. Through the span of even the earliest human civilizations and even more so in modern society, greed has proven to be our worst flaw, promoting corruption within even the noblest of ideals and rendering people blind to the terrible consequences of their self indulgent fancies. The unchecked corruption within the

Agriculture Changes the World

571 words - 3 pages Khou, TiffanyHistory, Periods 5-6November 8, 2007Agriculture Changes the WorldHave you ever wondered how people around the Old Stone Age got their food without grocery stores? Well, the earliest humans hunted and gathered their food during the Paleolithic Era (Old Stone Age). Hunting for their food caused them to migrate from place to place therefore, they were nomadic. Eventually, they began to farm, develop civilizations, and domesticate

Contribution Of Leakey Family To Our Increased Understanding Of Human Evolution

741 words - 3 pages . It was not too different from remains found in South Africa by Raymond Dart in 1924 and by Robert Broom in 1936. (Those finds had not been accurately dated because of the way they were found and the lack of dating technology.) But the Leakeys thought their find different enough to constitute a new category of hominids, and called it Zinjanthropus boisei. They suggested that it lived 1.75 million years agoIn 1960, Mary Leakey and son Jonathan

A Comparative Study Of Greek And Celtic Pagan Religions, The Variations Between Them And Their Demise Through The Christian Movement

3023 words - 13 pages thought to be the result of a series of natural disasters. From this time onwards mainland Greece was occupied by a peoples known was Mycenaean's. From artifacts found in royal tombs, archaeologists have concluded that their religious beliefs were similar to that of the Minoans. Both believed in life after death which is evident from their burial methods of placing food and possessions in tombs for, as well as the belief that goddesses and

Title: Evolution Of Wheat Author: Alan Platner

890 words - 4 pages The Domestication of WheatTen thousand years ago as the gigantic glaciers of the last ice age (Pleistocene Epoch) receded, the Earth's atmosphere warmed and stabilized (World Book 6). Human beings discovered that with this new atmosphere animals and plants were available year around in a singular location and they no longer had to travel great distances to acquire needed foods. This was the birth of civilizations and thus agriculture (Kolbert 31

A document based question about Mayas, Aztecs and Incas from the Global History Regents

387 words - 2 pages Between 300-1500 three advanced civilizations developed in Central and South America. Ruins from the Mayan civilization remain even today in southern Mexico, Guatemala, and Honduras. The Aztecs, who conquered most of Mexico, built a highly developed civilization in the 1400's. At the same time, the Incas were building an empire in Peru.The Mayans were clearly very skilled architects that could create wonders with their resources. Document 1

Nietzsce and The Internalization of Man

565 words - 3 pages no doubts. In these early tribes "the living generation always recognized a juridical duty towards earlier generations and especially toward the earliest, which founded the tribe". This sense of indebtedness toward early tribe members became a burden to the debtors, with the amount of repayment growing to unbelievable proportions; an example of first-born sacrifices is what Nietzsche uses. As time passed the ancestors came to be worshipped as gods, consequently the debt could never be repaid, leading to the concept of ultimate sacrifice. The end result is found is in the final sentence of section 21, "the creditor sacrifices himself for his debtor, out of love".

Fashion Of The 19th Century

310 words - 2 pages few jacket bodices were separate garments from the skirts, but most bodices had the skirt attached in gathers. Bodices themselves often showed gathers as the top layer, but the under construction was generally tightly fit to the body. Bodice gathers and decorations emphasized a V look and as the period progressed the base of the V dipped to slightly under the waist in a fashion that was called ala Marie Stuart.For men the fashion in 19th century

The Tragic Sinking Of The SS Edmund Fitzgerald: The Investigation Continues

3432 words - 14 pages families all decided that they did not want the body to be removed from the sea floor. This was because the families viewed the ship as the common grave site for all of the crew members. People may attempt to argue the fact that the dives are useless and that we should not be continuing, but with evidence such as that gained thus far, there is no denying that there is still information, artifacts and other knowledge to be found from diving to

The Whole History Of Ballet

7466 words - 30 pages civilizations of the Middle East and India and among the aboriginal people of the Americas, Australia, and Africa. The Hindu god Shiva, known as Nataraja, Lord of the Dance, is portrayed as a many-armed being balanced on one leg. Actual dance forms appear to have been in place in India around 6000 B.C.1 In studying the First Dynasty of Egypt, (around 3000 B.C.), archaeologists have found relief's showing a kind of dance or body language2, and as culture

Similar Papers

Cultural Leftovers From Our Past Civilizations. Alexander The Great. Greece's Influence On Today's Architecture And Education

1648 words - 7 pages There are many intriguing cultural leftovers from our past civilizations. I will discuss some of them. Alexander the Great discovered many ideas that we still use today. With the help of 35,000 Greeks and Macedonians Alexander managed to conquer and create his own empire from Greece to the borders of India. While on his journey he came up with the idea of getting on a horse from the left side. He found out that if you try to get on it

Caveman Essay

769 words - 4 pages dated to 35,000 years ago, suggesting that there may have been an extensive admixture of the Cro-Magnon and Neanderthal populations throughout Europe.[11][12][13][14][15][16]Several cultural assemblages have been linked to the Neanderthals in Europe. The earliest, the Mousterian stone tool culture, dates to about 300,000 years ago.[17] Late Mousterian artifacts were found in Gorham's Cave on the south-facing coast of Gibraltar.[18][19]With an

American Antiquity Essay

4624 words - 19 pages of the excitement revolves around the discovery of artifacts or remnants of societies of old. Each discovery serves as a clue in which the archeologist joins together each piece with the hope of being able to see the picture as a whole. However, searching for these pieces may not come from dangerous expeditions like "Indiana Jones" depicts, but may come in the form of time consuming digs that may seem to be mundane and in reality will

Ancient Civilizations Essay

339 words - 2 pages organization that are still useful today. The Lydians had the idea of coined money for an economy. The money system replaced bartering and is now the basis of the world economy. The Babylonians made a not so comprehensive code of law. Hammurabi's code brought serenity throughout Mesopotamia, and laws are now expected from a functioning government.In those three aspects, modern life has been greatly affected by ancient civilizations. With props to the Sumerians, Phoenicians, Hittites, Lydians, Babylonians and the Assyrians, technology is more advanced. Communication is easier and society is more organized.