Atomic Diplomacy And The Cold War - History - Research Paper

838 words - 4 pages

Attempt to use the threat of nuclear warfare to achieve 
diplomatic goals 
Monopoly-(n)  Exclusive control of the supply or trade in a commodity or 
Concession-(v)  To allow or give up often to end conflicts or disagreements 
Atomic Bomb-(n)  A bomb that derives its destructive power from the rapid release 
of nuclear energy by fission of heavy atomic nuclei, causing 
damage through heat, blast, and radioactivity 
Soviet Union-(n)  Communist country in eastern Europe and northern Asia 
Casualties-(n)  a relationship between two events where one event is affected by 
the other 
Espionage-(n)  Practice of spying or using spies 
● The United States was the first country to discover the atomic bomb, the first 
successful test of the atomic bomb was 1945. The U.S. were considering all the 
benefits that would derive from the American nuclear monopoly. 
● During World War 2 the United states used two atomic bombs on Hiroshima and 
Nagasaki in hopes of bringing a quick end to the war with Japan. 
● President Franklin Roosevelt decided that the United States shouldn’t inform the 
Soviet Union of the technological development of the atomic bomb. 
● After Roosevelt’s death, President Harry Truman decided to inform Soviet Premier 
Joseph Stalin of the atomic bomb during an allied meeting at Potsdam, though he 
did not go into any specifics. 
● The Soviet Union entered the war in the Pacific, therefore they would have 
influence on the balance of power. 
● The U.S. wanted the Soviets to make concessions in Asia or Europe. The U.S. didn’t 
threaten the Soviet Union because they believed that the existence of the atomic 
bomb alone would be a threat to them. 
● People believed that the nuclear weapons used on the Japanese cities were 
intended to gain a stronger position for diplomatic bargaining with the Soviets and 
the weapons weren’t needed for the Japanese to surrender. Others believed that the 
nuclear weapons were necessary for Japan’s surrender. 
● The American nuclear monopoly gave confidence to Truman to obtain more 
compromises with the Soviets. 
● The U.S. hoped that the threat of the atomic bomb would lower Soviet resistance, 
but instead it made the Soviets more protective of their borders. 
● Instead of seeking help from the Soviet Union, Western Europe relied on the 
United States for protection due to their possession of nuclear weapons. 
● Other countries started discovering the atomic bomb for themselves, the Soviet 
Union had its first successful test in 1949, the Uni...

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