Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

6461 words - 26 pages

IntroductionAttention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a disruptive behavior disorder of childhood characterized by persistent patterns of inattention and/or hyperactivity/impulsivity. Approximately 3-7% of school-age children have the disorder (APA, 2000). The Gale Encyclopedia of Mental Disorders (2003) says that Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a disorder that affects more often boys than girls, and is characterized by distractibility, hyperactivity, behaving impulsively, and not being able to remain focused on tasks or activities.PrevalencePineda, Ardila, Rosselli, and Arias (1999) say that determining the prevalence of ADHD is controversial, but it is of ...view middle of the document...

The symptoms of impulsivity include blurting out answers before questions have been completely asked, having difficulty waiting one's turn, and often interrupting or intruding on others (APA, 2000).A child with impulsiveness will act without thinking. A child with hyperactivity cannot sit still, walks, runs, or climbs when others are still, and talks when others are talking. A child who is inattentive will daydream, get sidetracked, or seem to be in another world ( inattentive type can be mistaken for other difficulties. The National Institute of Mental Health website says that "parents and teachers can miss the fact that children with symptoms of inattention have the disorder because they are often quiet and less likely to act out. They may sit quietly, seeming to work, but they are often not paying attention to what they are doing. They may get along well with other children, compared with those with the other subtypes, who tend to have social problems. But children with the inattentive kind of ADHD are not the only ones whose disorders can be missed. For example, adults may think that children with the hyperactive and impulsive subtypes just have emotional or disciplinary problems."DiagnosisDiagnosing Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder requires the presence of at least six symptoms of inattention, and at least six symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity combined. Further criteria may also include that some symptoms be developed before age seven, the symptoms impair functioning in at least two settings such as work and school, and the symptoms appear for a period of at least six months (APA, 2000). Thackery (2003) believes that the first step in diagnosing should be to take the child to a pediatrician who will make an evaluation and perform an examination to rule out any organic causes of ADHD symptoms. If no organic cause is found, then the next step is to take the child to a psychologist, psychiatrist, or other type of learning specialist who will then perform a thorough assessment for ADHD. This includes taking a complete history, such as medical, educational, and family history. Interviews may also be performed to help determine if the child has ADHD. Other types of inventories and scales help with the diagnosis as well.No one test can tell a person if they have ADHD. Instead, a mental health specialist will gather information into the person's history to determine if there is a medical issue, will observe the client's behavior, and will then determine if a diagnosis should be made ( attention-disorder symptoms for adults and children are essentially similar, adults may exhibit less hyperactivity and more reports of restlessness and agitation. As stated in the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria, considering a childhood history of ADHD is necessary for the adult diagnosis. A strong family history is usually found. Another important item to remember is the DSM-IV criterion that requires the patient...


ADHD Paper ( Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) - University of New Orleans - Research Paper

2381 words - 10 pages Free Guidry 2 Coty Guidry English 1158 Janet Smith 18 April 2018 Draft ADHD According to Oxford Dictionary, ADHD is an abbreviation for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder meaning any range of behavioral disorders occurring primarily in children, including such symptoms as poor connection, hyperactivity and learning difficulties (Oxford). When I was 7 years old, I was diagnosed with ADHD and it’s something I’ve always struggled with, because

Written essay on children affected by attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) - Psychology - Essay

732 words - 3 pages Children with mental disorders Josaphat Uwihanganye Lisa Millelire Developmental Psychology November 2017 Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a brain disorder that causes children to lack concentration and/or to seat still.(Berger & Chuang, 2014, p.277) It is far from being the most threatening or deadliest disorder out there, but it is in fact one of the most common disorders diagnosed in children and adults. It is a lifelong

Hidden dangers in ADHD medication - HIS 144 - Commentary Essay

905 words - 4 pages child with the disability, such as ADHD, succeed and excel in school to the best of their capabilities. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is defined as a behavioral disorder that involves continuous amounts of inattention and hyperactivity and is one of the most common childhood mental health disorders (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). An Individualized Education Plan (IEP) is beneficial to family who are affected by


1688 words - 7 pages Free Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is classified as a psychological disruptive behaviour disorder, frequently prominent in young children, which according to 'The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (2011)' currently affects 3-5% of all American children.The resulting behavioural complications associated with ADHD can impinge heavily on a child's ability to uphold academic, social, emotional, and psychological

Assignment On ADHD?

919 words - 4 pages Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a disruptive behaviour disorder of childhood and represents a syndrome of developmentally inappropriate levels of inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity (Association, 1994; DuPaul, 2003). It is one of the most commonly diagnosed and controversial of the child clinical syndromes (Jones, 2002). ADHD's frequent Comorbidity with other conditions such as, conduct disorder, depression, anxiety and

Cultural Studies and Diversity 2 - Paper

978 words - 4 pages EFP1 Task 2 A.1. One distinct diverse group of students in the U.S. population today is students that have been diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). These are students with a neurological disorder that find themselves struggling to be still and focus on tasks along with problems with organization and remember to complete things. Over 6.4 million children between ages 4 and 17 are estimated to be diagnosed with ADHD

Intellectual Disorders and Autusim - lakeland Union High School - Essay

483 words - 2 pages problems. It is estimated that 20% to 50% of adults diagnosed with the disorder also abuse alcohol or drugs. Work Cited Sueglia, L. M., Brammer, W.A., Ray, L.A., & Lee, S.S. (2016). Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Symptoms Predict Alcohol Expectance Development. Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 25(2), 169-179. Johnston, L. D., O’Malley, P. M., Miech, R. A., Bachman, J. G., & Schulenberg, J. E. (2015). Monitoring the

Rhetorical Analysis on CDC website - Eng105/ Grand Canyon University - Essay

961 words - 4 pages individuals from their target group, guardians. References “Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)” (2016, October 4). Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from: “Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder” (2016, March). National Institute of Mental Health. Retrieved from: Edlund, J. R., & Pomona, C. P. (2016). “Ethos, Logos, Pathos: Three Ways to Persuade.” Cal Poly Pomona. Retrieved from:

What we do we know about the causes of autism? - Psychology - Essay

2432 words - 10 pages to autism whilst cognitive flexibility and working memory have been found to be highly related to the restrictive, repetitive symptoms of autism (Lopez, Lincoln, Ozonoff & Lai, 2005). Moreover, executive dysfunction has been identified in other comorbid disorders such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (Corbett et al. 2009) which may question the extent that executive dysfunction is related to symptoms of ASD. However, Happe et al. (2006

Cultural Studies and Diversity - writing assignment

751 words - 4 pages help the ELL students to process the information they are being taught, some ideas to support ELL students are using websites, smartboards, PowerPoints, magazines, and photos to help provide more visuals (Learning Strategies for ELLs Nieto & Bode, 2008, pg.42). A4. The second group of diverse students is children with ADD/ADHD. According to the Mind and Body article Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most common behavioral

Bipolar disorder and It's Affects - Moorestown High School - research paper

3622 words - 15 pages Free disorder (PTSD) and social phobia also can co-occur with bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder can co-occur with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as well, which has some symptoms that overlap with bipolar disorder, such as restlessness and being easily distracted. However, the symptoms of ADHD are persistent, whereas those of bipolar disorder are episodic. In addition, people with bipolar disorder are at higher risk for thyroid disease

The Impact and Prevalence of Mental Health on Youth in the Juvenile Justice System - Mental Health - Research Paper

1604 words - 7 pages attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder), and substance use disorders” (Underwood, 2016) ). Grisso (2008) notes that of the youth involved in the juvenile corrections system approximately 15% to 30% have depression, 13% to 30% have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, 3% to 7% have bipolar disorder and 11% to 32% have posttraumatic stress disorder Underwood (2016) goes on to note that understanding the link between youth delinquent behaviour

Learning With ADHD Commentary Essay - GCU English 105 - Essay

933 words - 4 pages 1 Sasha Woods Eng-105 11/21/2018 Professor Palenque Imagen Learning with ADHD Picture sitting in a classroom busting from the seams with energy, not being able to control impulse movements, racing thoughts, and feeling trapped to a chair the whole day. That is what it is like for a child with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). ADHD is a condition with the brain that causes problems with focus, the ability to sit still and effects

Controversial Issue Research about Use of Adderall - English 12 - Research

1540 words - 7 pages Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and ADD means Attention Deficit Disorder. These two disorders are similar with a slight difference, ADHD has symptoms of hyperactivity being fidgeting, constant moving, or wandering. With ADD, this hyperactivity is absent which causes those who have it to struggle when it comes to focusing. The difference between the two are that Ritalin works sooner and reaches the peak of its performance more quickly than

The Misuse Of Ritalin

758 words - 4 pages Kyle Carroll of Albany, New York was diagnosed with ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) when he was in the first grade. His teacher told his parents, Michael and Jill, that Kyle was too hyper and couldn't concentrate for long periods of time. Without even going to see a professional about Kyle's problem, Kyle was put on Ritalin. Immediately, his parents started to notice side effects on Kyle and when they tried to take their child