Paper On Bio

1528 words - 7 pages

1. Heterotrophs are "self-feeders" that make carbon compounds from the carbon in CO2 and the energy in sunlight (photoautotrophs) or inorganic compounds such as hydrogen sulfide (chemoautotrophs).
*Autotrophs are "self-feeders" that make carbon compounds from the carbon in CO2 and the energy in sunlight (photoautotrophs) or inorganic compounds such as hydrogen sulfide (chemoautotrophs).
2. Compost piles create an intense heat source and would therefore be suitable environments for ______________________.
3. Most prokaryotes cause disease (are pathogens) 4. Which of the following organisms was the first to introduce oxygen into Earth's atmosphere?
5. Rod-shaped bacteria are called _______________________.
6. You culture the dried soup from a 4, 000-year-old cooking pot found in an Egyptian tomb and obtain a distinctive species of prokaryote. You immerse a test tube of these bacteria in boiling water for several hours, but the colony grows back. This species is probably ________________.
7. The use of prokaryotes and other organisms to clean up pollutants from soil, air, or water is called ________________________________.
8. The use of prokaryotes and other organisms to clean up pollutants from soil, air, or water is called The use of prokaryotes and other organisms to clean up pollutants from soil, air, or water is called ____________________.
9. Eukaryotes are ________________ prokaryotes.
10. ___________ is a type of Proteobacteria which causes food poisoning.
11. Which of the following statements about archaea is false?

12. Unlike archaean and eukaryote cell walls, bacterial cell walls contain a unique substance called __________________________.
13. Cyanobacteria are photosynthetic bacteria.
14. A Halophile is an organism which loves _______ places.
15. A patient visits her doctor complaining of stomach cramps, vomiting, and nausea. When he takes a bacterial sample, he determines that Escherichia coli bacteria have used their ________ to attach to the cells lining her gastrointestinal tract.
16. Cyanobacteria

17. Most bacteria reproduce by splitting in two and this is called Binary Fission.
18. A bacterial plasmid is the term given for extra-chromosomal DNA which occurs in many bacteria and archaea.
*Plasmids are circular DNA pieces which confer extra traits such as antibiotic resistance or special metabolic capabilities such as the ones that consume oil.
19. Dinoflagellates are best described as ___________________________________.
20. One difference between gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria is that 21. Which of the following can cause food poisoning?

22. Most bacteria have a cell wall.
23. Prokaryotes are classified into 24.
25. ___________________are heterotrophic protists; __________________ are photoautotrophic protists.
26. Kelp, a seaweed that is anchored to the seafloor by rootlike structures and can grow to heights of 60 m, is a kind of ___________.
27. Which of the following groups incl...

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