1) When it comes to location, aerobic respiration occurs in 2 sites, whereas anaerobic respiration occurs only in one site. Aerobic respiration consists of three stages, Glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, and the Electron Transport Chain. Glycolysis occurs in the cytoplasm of a cell, while the other two stages, the Krebs Cycle and the Electron Transport Chain, occur in the mitochondria of a cell. As for anaerobic respiration, it consists of two stages, Glycolysis and Fermentation. Both stages occur in the cytoplasm of a cell. When comparing the yields of aerobic and anaerobic respiration, aerobic respiration produces much more ATP and by-products. Through aerobic respiration, one molecule of glucose can yield up to 38 ATP molecules as well as 6 carbon dioxide and water molecules. Through anaerobic respiration, however, only two molecules of ATP and lactic acid are produced.
2) Respiration is the reaction of glucose with oxygen in order to form carbon dioxide, water, and energy in the form of ATP. Looking at the origins of this reaction, oxygen, and glucose, they are by-products of photosynthesis. As for the products of respiration, they are the origins of the photosynthesis reaction. Photosynthesis releases oxygen which can be reacted with glucose, coming from any source of food, in order to produce energy that can be used by the organism. In addition, it produces carbon dioxide as well as water which can be used in photosynthesis.
3) The interrelationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration would be that they are inversely related to each other. The by-products of aerobic cellular respiration, carbon dioxide, and water, can be used as reactants for photosynthesis. The same applies to photosynthesis. The by-products of this chemical reaction, glucose, and oxygen, can be used as reactants for aerobic cellular respiration.
4) In a typical eukaryotic cell, Glycolysis occurs in the cytoplasm. Throughout this cycle, glucose undergoes oxidation which as a result, produces 2 pyruvate molecules, 2 NADH molecules, and 4 molecules of ATP. Even though 4 ATP molecules...