Born Addicted To Alcohol Essay

1577 words - 7 pages

There are different characteristics that accompany FAS inthe different stages of a child's life. "At birth, infantswith intrauterine exposure to alcohol frequently have lowbirth rate; pre-term delivery; a small head circumference;and the characteri stic facial features of the eyes, nose,and mouth" (Phelps, 1995, p. 204). Some of the facialabnormalities that are common of children with FAS are:microcephaly, small eye openings, broad nasal bridge,flattened mid-faces, thin upper lip, skin folds at thecorners of the eyes, indistinct groove on the upper lip,and an abnormal smallness of the lower jaw (Wekselman,Spiering, Hetteberg, Kenner, & Flandermeyer, 1995; Phelps,1995). These infants also ...view middle of the document...

"Specific diffic ultiesincluded inability to respect personal boundaries,inappropriately affectionate, demanding of attention,bragging, stubborn, poor peer relations, and overly tactilein social interactions" (Phelps, 1995, p. 206). Childrenare sometimes not diagnosed with FAS until they reachkindergarten and are in a real school setting. School-agedchildren with FAS still have most of the same physical andmental problems that were diagnosed when they were younger.The craniofa cial malformations is one of the only physicalcharacteristic that diminishes during late childhood(Phelps, 1995)."Several studies have evaluated specific areas of cognitivedysfunction in school-age children exposed prenatally toalcohol. Researchers have substantiated: (a) short termmemory deficits in verbal and visual material; (b)inadequate processing of inf ormation, reflected b sparseintegration of information and poor quality of responses;(c) inflexible approaches to problem solving; and (d)difficulties in mathematical computations" (Phelps, 1995 p.206).The behavioral manifestations of a child with FAS duringthe early years of life are still apparent in children whoare in grade school. Hyperactivity is still the most commoncharacteristic portrayed by these children. Some of thedescriptions used to explain these school-aged children'sbehaviors include: distractible, impulsive, inattentive,uncooperative, poorly organized, and little persistencetoward task completion (Phelps, 1995).As a child reaches puberty and develops into an adult, someof the physical, mental and behavioral characteristicschange. These adolescents begin to gain weight, but stillremain short and microphalic (Phelps, 1995).Cognitive abilities of children with FAS continue to be lowthrough adolescence and adulthood. Low Academic performancescores of adolescents and adults are persistent throughouttheir lives. Many cognitive tests have been done onadolescent/adults wi th FAS, and each of them have founddeficiencies in mathematics and reading comprehension(Shelton & Cook, 1993).The behavioral manifestations of adolescents and adultswith FAS continue to concentrate around the problem ofhyperactivity. Inattentiveness, distractibility,restlessness , and agitation are the main behaviors stemfrom hyperactivity. "Vineland Adap tive Behavior Scalesresults suggest that communication and socialization skillsaverage around the seven year old range"(Phelps, 1995, p.207).The prevalence of children with FAS is on the rise. Morethan ever, children are being diagnosed with FAS. Bettertechniques and knowledge by physicians are accountable forthe increase. Physicians are diagnosing more babies todaywith FAS, because th ey have more knowledge and resourcesto evaluate the children at risk. FAS has no racialbarriers and has been reported by variable ages fromneonatal to young adult (Becker, Warr-Leeper, & Leeper,1990). Estimates in the United States of people with FA Svary from 2 live births per 1,000...

Other Essays On Born Addicted To Alcohol

Alcholism A Disease Or Not A Disease?

1150 words - 5 pages known as alcohol dependence, is a disease that is made up of the following four main symptoms that are common with people with the disease. They tend to have a craving, or the urge to drink (McKesson 1). The desire for satisfaction is not a sign of a disease, but a sign of humanity. Ill people don't tend to want to engage in enjoyment; they want to feel better. But this is not the case with alcoholics, they tend to have "fun" being drunk and have

Sex, Slavery and Marriage in Islam - Love, Sex, and Marriage in History - Research Paper

1970 words - 8 pages Ahmed Khawaja IDS 301 – Politics of Disease Dr. Prasad 12 May 2017 Alcoholism Alcohol use disorder (AUD) affects more than 18 million Americans and is grouped into two categories: alcoholism and alcohol abuse. Alcoholism is a disease that causes strong cravings for alcohol as well as loss of control preventing one from knowing when to stop while drinking. Those afflicted with alcoholism have a physical dependency on alcohol and experience

Adverse Impact of Harmful Drugs - G.A.D. Elementary 9 - Essay

413 words - 2 pages users may find it hard to sleep and think. Eventually, drugs can change how the brain works and interfere with a person’s ability to make choices. Some long-term effects of drug use can be cancer, baldness, and accidental overdose. Drug abuse can be very self-damaging. A person should stick to a healthy lifestyle and stay clear of unhealthy practices such as using drugs or alcohol to stay fit and active. Drug abuse is a grave problem. It is

Marijuana Research and Why It Should Be Legal - Writing-101 - Research Paper

1380 words - 6 pages marijuana do not become addicted to it and it is not a gateway to harder drugs; “Addiction is a relationship between a person, their genetics, their childhood experiences, their social and economic world, and a substance or activity” (Maria Szalavitz). Tobacco and alcohol (two legal substances in the United States), are the result of over 500 thousand deaths per year (CDC.gov). As a result of the chemicals infused in tobacco and alcohol, it can get

Abuse Of Illegal Drugs And Alcohol Intake During Pregnancy And It's Effects On Babies

2908 words - 12 pages The abuse of drugs and alcohol during pregnancy causes much alarm to society. A lot of crimes, violence, and mental retardation and physical defects result from the abuse. Pro-life organizations and advocates, doctors and medical researchers have tried to work hand in hand to study and expose the ill effects of pre-natal exposure to drugs. More are concerned with the physical and psychological effects of drugs and alcohol on children.To discuss

Compare contrast essay about global warming and it's affect on society - Hershey High School - Essay

1081 words - 5 pages In today’s society, families across the nation are constantly having kids and watching them grow up into young adults, which includes dealing with the everyday challenges of a teenage life. However, growing up in this generation when it comes to teen lifestyle is significantly different than in the past, and one these major differences is alcohol. In the year of 1984, the social culture of high schools and even universities would change

High School Students Should Be Drug Tested - English 1510 - Argument

1542 words - 7 pages Drug Testing, the schools that they service have a drug-testing program in place, and they saw a reduction in drug-related issues at their schools. Also, the same schools that Tomo Drug Testing service have mentioned that they hear students comment on the positive effects of random drug testing, such as it gives them a reason to resist their peers when they get offered drugs or alcohol. They can blame drug testing instead of them having to express

Is The Relationship Between Drugs And Crime A Causal One?

2322 words - 10 pages are 'drug users [who] seek illegal funds to pay for their drug use' (Bennet, T. 2005, p.11). This seems on the face of it to be the most natural connection between drug use and crime as many drug users behaviour changes dramatically after using drugs and once one has become addicted it can be the case the careers and other parts of their life can fall apart somewhat. However, there are many other ways that drug use can be the cause of crime

Green Day's American Idiot and the Redefinition of Political Conversation and Theatre - Gustavus Adolphus College, First Term Seminar: American Drama and the New Millennium, Fall 2016 - Research paper

2571 words - 11 pages military hospital. However, he is comforted by a nurse named the Extraordinary Girl. In suburbia, Heather gives birth to the baby, and Will finds parenting increasingly hard due to “pot-and-alcohol fueled apathy,” which prompts Heather to leave him with the baby. Johnny and Whatsername’s love grows stronger, threatening to suffocate Saint Jimmy’s existence. This prompts Saint Jimmy to intervene with drugs that Johnny has now become addicted to in

Personal Statement

631 words - 3 pages “You are obviously a Westerner.” With these words my American Arizona teacher switched off his computer and walked out, leaving me with great conflict within myself. “What am I?”A little background information would be sufficient before proceeding.I am of Japanese ethnicity, 10 years after being born in Saitama, Japan. I was brought to America. I grew up in a city called San Diego, a two hour drive from Los Angeles. Where I

Legalize It: Decriminalizing Marijuana - English 102 - Essay

907 words - 4 pages many heroin and cocaine users used marijuana first does not conclude that the latter is the result of the first. Correlation is not causality. Bierson’s vehement argument against marijuana alone become suspect, as most of these heroin and cocaine abusers had also previously used alcohol and tobacco. According to government surveys, a conservative estimate of 80 million American have tried marijuana in their life, and 20 million admit to using it

Similar Papers

Why Does So Many Adults And Teenagers Alike Start Using Drugs? Westbury Secondary School Essay

534 words - 3 pages Why does so many adults and teenagers alike start using drugs? There are numerous amounts of adults and teenagers alike who are addicted to drugs and alcohol; and I believe the reason therefore is that many times people struggle with the issues that comes with life and use drugs and alcohol to escape. Teenagers are affected by peer pressure and wanting to be cool and fit in. while adults use drugs and alcohol to escape the issues they encounter

Argument Essay With Opposing View Points English 112 Argument

2017 words - 9 pages alcohol poison so if the drug is so dangerous why shall it be legal. Even if there were a limit on how much you can buy pre-day people would still be addicted to the dangerous drug. There are a few ways to look at the drug. One by looking at is a social thing or relaxing way to unwind. Or to look at it as a horrible drug and not be a consumer. The effects of alcohol on your body when binge drinking is horrible and could lead to memory loss and loss

Prejudice Against Alcohol Abuse James Cook University Singapore Reflection Papaer

1491 words - 6 pages alcohol abuse since I have met some alcoholics with unpleasant experience. Since drinking becomes a common way to get rewind for people nowadays, it is reasonable to drink properly, but not to be addicted to alcohol. However, there is still a form of addiction called alcohol abuse which is considered a serious issue exists on today’s society. From my perspective, I have prejudice against on the alcoholics due to excessive drinking can lead to many

Addiction As A Disorder Than Develops Into A Disease Psychology Essay

484 words - 2 pages that, “the biological component of addiction is the result of incremental choices that were voluntarily made but led to “drug induced brain change.”” The main reason I believe that addiction is a disorder of choice is because you voluntarily choose to use drugs, alcohol, etc.… knowing the risk of becoming addicted. As stated by the current director of NIDA, “I have never come across a single drug-addicted person who told me [he or she] wanted to