Britain's Decline 20th Century History Uni Essay

1717 words - 7 pages

What were the main contributors to the death of Christianity in the 1960s?
“The changes of the 1960s were a rupture as profound as that brought about by the
reformation” (Professor Hugh Mcleod, University of Birmingham) . The 1960s was a 1
tumultuous decade in world history, where traditionally accepted ideas, norms and beliefs were
largely overturned and replaced by a more ‘modern-day’ approach to the world. The area of
religion proved to be no different, with historians such as Hugh McLeod pointing to the
significant changes, both in the period leading up the the sixties and during the decade itself,
which led to the ‘death’, or considerable decline of the religion. Unable to be attributed to one
sole factor, this decline was due to a multitude of reasons, with both short and long term
factors playing a vital role. Starting in Britain, the decline of churchgoing and religious
adherence began from the late nineteenth century, signalling an evolutionary change of ideas.
Paired with changes occurring in society during the 1960’s ‘revolutionary’ period of
expressiveness and shifts in cultural viewpoints, the resulting ‘death’ of the Christian religion
was unavoidable, with the Church today still battling the repercussions of the decade.
Though it is true that the causation and impact of the crisis has been disputed by many
historians, the fact that the Roman Catholic Church experienced a religious crisis of some sort
in the 1960s remains a key feature to all debates. Affiliation to one of the Christian
denominations throughout the 1950s was commonplace, with churches being highly influential
institutions in everyday life and society. Throughout this period, as it was assumed that Britain
was unequivocally Christian, it was believed also that religious commentary should reflect this.
As such, the media, including the BBC and newspapers, were hardwired to reflect the religious
beliefs of society, with statistics showing that in 1952, one in very three adults would listen to
its Sunday religious broadcasts. The Governor General’s 1948 statement summed up the 2
correlation between ‘Britishness’ and Christianity’, saying: “There are many demands of
impartiality laid upon the Corporation, but this is not one of them. We are citizens of a Christian
Country, and the BBC - an institution set up by the State - bases its policy upon a positive
attitude towards Christian values”. By the 1960’s, however, a shift in the state of religious 3
affairs led to a shake-up of a traditionally Christian nation, with Britain and the world facing a
challenge to national identity due to difficulties churches faced in the recruitment and
retainment of clergy. Though there was a steady downward decline in the statistics of religious
practice throughout the 1960s, from 1967 onwards these took a dramatic downward plunge in
nearly every country of the western world. In general, this decline was felt most severely by 4
Catholics, however other religions were certainly not...

Other Essays On Britain's decline - 20th Century history - uni - essay

Progressivism In the 19th Century - AP US History - Essay

1332 words - 6 pages Mabel Olson 3rd period 2/25/2019 Progressivism Essay The Industrial Revolution dominated the post-Civil War era in America, also known as the Gilded age. Mark Twain first used this expression as the title of a book to describe the reality of the economic situation of America at the time. The term “gilded” means something that is coated in gold, therefore it looks good on the outside but in actuality on the inside the object is a piece of junk

The Roles of Advice Literature, Experts, and Child-Savers in the 19th and 20th Century Childrearing - The University of Memphis/ HIST 4863 - Essay

969 words - 4 pages Heather Alexander History 4863 Midterm Question 2 The Roles of Advice Literature, Experts, and Child-Savers in 19th and 20th Century Childrearing. Before the 19th century, there was a time in the United States when child abuse was completely legal, and it was acceptable for children to work long strenuous jobs with no consideration for schooling or childhood whatsoever (1). Poor children also ran rampant in the streets, stealing what they could

Gender and sexuality in 20th century plays - 20th century plays - essay

1404 words - 6 pages gender is put under the microscope at the very get-go when Marlene is hosting a dinner party with famous women in history, including “Isabella Bird, a nineteenth-century writer, explorer, and naturalist; Lady Nijo, a thirteenth-century concubine who became a wandering Buddhist nun after she fell out of favor at court; Dull Gret, the subject of a Flemish renaissance painting by Pieter Brueghel the Elder; Pope Joan, a woman who disguised herself as a

Oral History of Media in the 20th century - Mass Communication - Oral history report

1343 words - 6 pages Robert Yanochko Jerri Rock, 75 years old Wife’s step-grandmother 304-676-1478 11 February 2019 Oral History Project When reading over the parameters for this project, I was attempting to talk with either of my grandfathers, both of whom had grown up through the 1940s. However, neither was comfortable speaking over the phone as their hearing just isn’t quite what it used to be (although they just blamed cell phone technology). So, through trial

Real Religion in 20th Century Modernist Texts - Final Essay ENGL 273 - Final essay

2460 words - 10 pages Chrysler Sarah Jane Chrysler Professor Kerkering ENGL 273 May 1, 2019 Real Religion in Twentieth Century Modernist Texts Religion is one of those hotly debated topics that is on the taboo list of things to not bring up at a dinner party; politics, economics, and religion. In the end of the nineteenth century and beginning of the twentieth, with the movement of many novels going from a more naturalistic style of those in the early part of the

The struggle between good and evil within Strangers on a Train - 20th Century English at UNL - Essay

1297 words - 6 pages Lathrop Connor Lathrop English 205 Professor Rios 02 February 2018 The Struggle Between Good and Evil The Yin and Yang is the chinese philosophy describing how seemingly opposite forces may be interconnected or independent in the natural world. However this philosophy does not describe an individual's struggle to choose a one side over another. In the novel “Strangers on a Train” by Patricia Highsmith, the character of Guy faces many moral

Spartan Hegemony in 4th Century Greece - HSC Ancient History - Essay

674 words - 3 pages Essay 1 Student number: 30416325 ‘Sparta were well suited for hegemony and ran a successful empire for over 30 years’. Discuss the accuracy of this statement Spartan hegemony was a period of turmoil and conflict, coming to power through their fierce military strength and their ability to intimidate others into following their rule. Whether or not they were successful in their rule over Greece depends on how you view

This Essay Illustrates The Bondage Of Marriage To Women In The Early 20th Century. I Use Glaspell's "Trifles" To Illustrate My Point

697 words - 3 pages Symbolic Bondage"Trifles" is an extraordinary American drama. The title of this means "something of little importance or consequence." (Webster, 1374) It was written during the women's' movement for equality. The women in this selection are mocked numerous times by the men. Glaspell emphasizes through symbolic representation the life of a woman during her time, and what the movement represented. She states that a change must take place for women

Decolonization Of The British Empire

1975 words - 8 pages empire has emerged to replace the one that fell. This essay will look at the process of decolonisation and analyse the contributing factors in the British imperial decline. At the beginning of the twentieth century, there would be no sense of decolonisation; there was no sense or discussion that the process was underway. Historians argue over the causes for this, Boyce argues that the loss of her empire was inevitable, that every great

Explain The Developments Leading Up To The Boer War

2367 words - 10 pages imperialism itself, experiencing a decline as the 20th century neared, and Afrikaner nationalism was just beginning to emerge as a widely accepted ideology in South Africa, This decline of traditional imperialism and emergence of nationalism serves to clearly demonstrate the shift in both traditional relationships and ideals that was so characteristic of the world in 1900.As a Commonwealth nation, the Australian colonies offered troops to the British

Prosperity and Inequality in the Roaring 20's - HIS271 UOFT - Research Paper

2707 words - 11 pages and History (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2006), 37-38. 2 Stuart Clayton, Democracies in Change: Britain and the USA in the 20th Century, (London: Pearson Education Limited, 2015), 172. 3 Palmer, The Twenties in America: Politics and History, 45. However, these industries were not based in the south, their production did help the boom but significantly only in the North. This shows prosperity was seen throughout the society with

Similar Papers

What Were Living And Working Conditions In Australia At The Start Of The 20th Century? History Essay

575 words - 3 pages Year 9 History Submission Sheet 1 Name: Mark: /20 Grade: Date Given: Week 3 Due date: Week 3 Friday - Print the completed sheet ready for collection on Friday. Question: What was the impact of colonisation on Aboriginal people from 1788-1901? Correct use essay style. Focus on a couple of issues. Plan!!!!! January 1788 was when the british invaded the island, known as Australia

Connecting Ideas On Short Stories Form The Early 20th Century Year 13 Connections Essay

1414 words - 6 pages English essay: Statement: Writers consistently use short stories as a lens through which they view society Intro: The lens in which writer’s view Mansfield’s short stories, are through the way she portrays the gender roles and expectations in the early 20th century. In comparing two of Mansfield’s stories from different decades, we can see a shift in the views of gender roles and expectations in the early 1900s. Examples of this view can be seen

“The Gender Dynamics Of Stardust And The Witches." 20th Century Children's Fiction, Nuig Essay

1526 words - 7 pages “Analyse the gender dynamics of two novels from the reading list, focusing in particular on powerful malevolent female villains.” For centuries, fairy-tales have formed the backdrop of our childhoods, sowing the seeds from which our imaginations blossomed. While many believe that within fairy-tales “there is always the happy ending” (Newell 6), several 20th century fairy-tales would argue otherwise. The primary aim of this essay is to

Irish Immigration 18th/19th Century Masters History Essay

3506 words - 15 pages -nineteenth century.[footnoteRef:17] [13: Barkan, Elliot. 2013. Immigration in American History: Arrival, Adaption and Integration .USA: ABC-CLIO,LLC. 93-94] [14: Fitzpatrick, 126-143] [15: Ibid 129] [16: Barkan, 38-40] [17: Kenny,2014.131] Arriving in America By the mid-nineteenth century, Americans recognised that there were two distinct groups of Irish immigrants. The first, which predominantly arrived between 1825 and 1835, were