Broken Hip Notes Anatomy And Physiology Anatomy Notes

1521 words - 7 pages

Jalen Benjamin
Top of Form
Questions:
1. What is meant by a "complete, comminuted, intertrochanteric fracture of the right hip"?
A. Complete - refers to a fracture completely through the bone:
B. Comminuted - refers to a fracture in which the broken bone has shattered into several smaller pieces:
C. Intertrochanteric - refers to a fracture located between the greater trochanter and lesser trochanter of the femur
2. Draw a picture of what you think Margaret's fracture looks like.
3. The radiologist reported signs of osteoporosis. Describe the characteristics of an osteoporotic femur as seen on an X-ray. (How does it differ in appearance from a normal femur?)
osteoporosis is marked by a decreased bone volume. Loss of spongy ("cancellous") bone is greater than loss of compact bone. In the femur, osteoporotic changes would include a thinning of the outer layer of compact bone around the epiphyses and thinning of the bony collar around the diaphysis. There would also be loss of cancellous bone in the proximal and distal epiphyses. These changes weaken Margaret's femurs and make them more vulnerable to fracture. In osteoporosis, the normal balance between the activity of bone-building osteoblasts and bone-resorbing osteoclasts is upset in favor of the osteoclasts. Thus, over time, there is loss of total bone volume. While everyone experiences slow, gradual loss in bone volume after age 30, those with osteoporosis have accelerated loss.
4. Describe the microscopic features of osseous tissue that normally help long bones withstand lateral stress without breaking.
A lateral stress placed on a bone (e.g. on Margaret's right femur) actually causes (A) compression of the bone on the side of impact and (B) stretching (tearing) on the side opposite of the impact.
5. Describe the microscopic features of osseous tissue that normally help long bones withstand compressive stress without breaking. Surgeons performed an open reduction of Margaret's fracture, immobilizing the bones with internal pins.
The bony collar of long bones helps them withstand compressive stress by the mechanism described in #4A above (i.e. hydroxyapatite, weight-bearing pillars).
In addition, long bones also withstand compressive forces by virtue of the spongy ("cancellous") bone in the epiphyses. The interlocking network of bony plates (called "trabeculae") found in spongy bone help to distribute the weight of the body out to the tough bony collar of the diaphysis. In this way, bony plates act much like the trusses or struts in old-time railroad bridges which distribute the weight of the train evenly over the entire bridge. Given the above considerations, Margaret's osteoporotic femurs are vulnerable to fracture because of (A) the loss of spongy bone in the epiphyses and (B) the thinning of the bony collar in the diaphysis.
6. Describe the changes that a broken bone undergoes as it is healing.
The bony collar of long bones helps them withstand compressive stress by the mechanism...

Other Essays On Broken Hip Notes Anatomy and Physiology - Anatomy - Notes

Equity, Cash Flow And Notes Analysis

2534 words - 11 pages Chico's FAS, INCAnalysis of Equity, Cash Flows, Notes to Financial Information and Other Financial information Report to Scott Edmonds President and CEOChico's FAS, Inc. (NYSE: CHS) is a retailer of high-end women's apparel designs, sources and retails unique brands of trendy women's sophisticated and casual fashion Chico's started in 1983, after the acquisition of White House / Black Market in 2003 they have over 571 stores in 46 states

Explain how an illness, disease or trauma can affect body systems - Health and Social Care Foundation - Anatomy and psychology

2140 words - 9 pages Anatomy, Physiology and Psychology of health “Using a case with which you are familiar, explain how an illness, disease or trauma can cause symptoms within body systems other than the system primarily affected and how this may affect the psycho social well-being of the service user.” In this essay I will explain how a stroke impacts the body and its systems, in detail the symptoms that the patient may endure. I will also discuss the changes on

Events and Recapping through Notes - EVE 109 - Recap

566 words - 3 pages 5/5/2019 Events Team Meeting Recap Notes ❖ Events Team Hangout Out ➢ Lead: Marilyn ➢ Date: TBD ➢ Location: Brooklyn ■ Suggestions ● Activity ● Go out to dinner at a restaurant ● Activity and dinner ● Picnic (more people were leaning on the picnic) ❖ The Hunt ➢ Date: August 10th ➢ Location: All of Bayridge ➢ Ideas ■ Use coffee shop as headquarters. Last year the Cocoa Grinder was used as the headquarters. ■ Four people on each team with a minimum

Mediation and Dispute Resolution - FIU LBS3468 - CH 2 Notes

2697 words - 11 pages LBS 3468 CHAPTER 2 Notes THE BASIC COMPONENT OF MEDIATION Mediation Models · Phases, steps or processes recommended for specific mediation contexts are organized into. Conflict Management style · Different models of mediation are used throughout the world and vary accordingly to their philosophical approaches, the emphasis given to specific components, and the unique demands of specialized context. There are two primary philosophical approaches

Long Physics Notes: Communications And Space: Not All Dot Points Covered In This Assignment

3320 words - 14 pages and inherited his notes when he died.Applied Brahe's notes to Copernicus' heliocentric ideas.His model stated that planets moved around the sun in elliptical orbits, and using this model could predict the motion of plants with great accuracy.Galileo:1564-1642Using his telescope, he discovered 4 of Jupiter's moons and that Venus had phases like the moon did.This could only be explained by a heliocentric model of the Solar System.Disproved the

UP essay Notes on Themes and Characterisation - 8 Churchlands - Notes

1241 words - 5 pages . This text conveys the ideas that (3 ideas you’re going to talk about) · The film promotes the idea that good will always triumph over evil (we should live by this moral) · Our protagonist, Carl, defeats Muntz, the antagonist. This is shown by the bird’s eye view angle of Muntz falling to his death. · This camera angle made the character appear small+powerless to our heroes · Friendship is important and can appear in unsuspecting ways+people · Bright

Pay Attention Essay and Notes on exercises that help you open up eyes more to world around you - Cal Poly, Communications - Essay

602 words - 3 pages NOTES-20 pts. Throughout the three plus days of this exercise, please keep notes on your interactions with the materials included in each day’s assignment on Poly Learn, your experiences, and your thoughts and observations. You may type the notes or write them legibly by hand. When you turn the notes in to me, please contain them in a lightweight folder, or staple them securely. I will evaluate your notes on your commitment to the exercise and

Recognising and Shaping Opportunities - MARK3092 - Notes

1000 words - 4 pages Week 1 Recognizing and Shaping Opportunities Ideas and Opportunities · An entrepreneur might get an idea for a new venture by seeing patterns that suggest a solution to a compelling market need – one that customers may not even have identified. · An entrepreneur turns an idea into an opportunity by crafting a business model that identifies a strategy targeting a market segment with a solution that will attract customers, partners, investors, key

speaking notes that includes discussions on different issues and topics around perth WA - rshs - notes

1655 words - 7 pages Image 6: Inside a 21st century library Question: 1. The facilities offered by the libraries have changed in response to technology. Compare a traditional library with a modern library as depicted in the visual prompt. 2. With the current rate of technology advancement, do you think physical libraries will disappear in the near future? Why? Why not? 3. Universities in Western Australia and elsewhere have gradually replaced hardcopy books with e

CAFS preliminary study notes - Resource Management - Year 11 Community and Family Studies - Study Notes

4332 words - 18 pages CAFS Resource Manage –ment Year 11 Core 1 Students learn about: Students learn to: fundamental concepts of resource management wellbeing defining wellbeing factors affecting wellbeing emotional economic cultural physical spiritual social individual and group wellbeing explore the concept of wellbeing by considering the following questions: what is the opposite to wellbeing? how do people describe wellbeing? why might there be different

Week 1 notes about empathy and Wallace's talk - GRCC - Assignment

900 words - 4 pages Andrea To Thoughts on Empathy. When I think about the word “Empathy”, a few things that I could think of are sharing, understanding, and “ I know exactly how you feel”. The concept of empathy for some people somehow would be hard to understand or explain because it is abstract. When I was young, I thought my parents didn’t love me because they were not always at home, probably three times a week and often left me with my grandma due to the fact

Similar Papers

Chapter 1: Intro To The Human Body Athabasca Anatomy And Physiology 235 Chapter 1 Notes

3689 words - 15 pages Anatomy and Physiology 235 – Athabasca U Keywords and Topics 1. Define the terms anatomy and physiology. A. Anatomy: The science of body structures and the relationships among them. It was first studied by dissection. The structure of a part of the body often reflects its functions. B. Dissection: The careful cutting apart of body structures to study their relationships. C. Physiology: The science of body functions – how the body parts work. 2

Anatomy And Physiology Lab Report Bsc 250 L Lab Report

1770 words - 8 pages Leah Ladner Anatomy and Physiology Response Questions 21 September 2017 Erica Kent Response Question 1 Does temperature affect the rate of diffusion/osmosis? The rate of diffusion can differ greatly due to the temperature of which something is diffusing from. Diffusion is the process of something being spread or dispersed. The life of cells depends on the dispersion or movement of chemicals throughout the cell. During the process of diffusion

Fracture Case History Assignment South Seattle College Anatomy & Physiology 1 Assignment

844 words - 4 pages . There are no apparent contusions or abrasion evident but the right lower leg reveals moderate edema. Plain films were performed. WHAT TYPE OF FRACTURE DO YOU SUSPECT AND WHERE? I suspect that the patient has fractured the tibia of his right leg. The excessive twisting forces applied to the tibia, compounded by having stepped into a depression on the field, have caused a closed spiral fracture. Anatomy & Physiology I BIOL241

Instrument Anatomy Using A Homemade Guitar Includes Material, Procedure, And Vocabulary Physics Physic Essay

1262 words - 6 pages . First blueprint turned in and approved. . . . . . . . . . Tuesday /Wednesday April 23/24 Include materials. (10 points) 2. Instrument is basically constructed. Test the notes as you go and adjust. Testing of instrument is done and song is picked out. Modify (fine tune) your instrument so you can play the song you want with the right notes. Practice song and presentation. Start th final write up and sketch. Thursday/Friday April 25,26 3. Class