Can Computers Understand? Includes John Searle's Arguments

452 words - 2 pages

syllogistic summary of computer's abilities well done.Can Computers understand?1) Thinking is the hallmark of understanding.2) Only special machines can think.3) If something can think it can understand.4) Only special machines that can think can understand.5) "Mental" states and their resulting actions are products of the center of activity (brain).6) To understand, thoughts must be produced by the brain.7) A computer's mental states and events are controlled by a program.8) The program is not a product of the computer.9) A computer does not produce "thoughts" ...view middle of the document...

He presents the example of a man linking Chinese characters and appearing to know the language, but in reality the man is just following the instructions given to him ( the program). This example serves well to explain how although a computer can look like it understands a story, it can do no more than "go through the motions."Of course such a definitive standpoint on an issue as controversial as the capacity of an AI to understand will draw many critics. The criticism of his theory that I find to be the most credible is The Other Mind Reply offered by Yale University. This line of thinking asks: if behavior is what we can determine the presence of cognition through, and an AI passes a behavioral test, why don't we attribute cognition to it?I myself do not believe in the philosophy of AI understanding, because to support either side on this issue one must have a belief for or against the ability of man to create another being capable of thought. I do not believe that any machine based creature we may ever create has the ability to think. Thought is something that is independently done and cannot be given to another, or more accurately, programmed in. Regardless of however many tests that may be passed simulating thought and understanding, a programmed being is not capable of thought and understanding.


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