Healthy relationships are characterized by the strength of the attachment, as well as by how each person may adjusts to change. As it relates to college students’ success, the more secure the attachment to the attachment figure (parent or guardian), the better chance of scholastic success (Stroufe, 1988). In fact, not only can attachment be essential to scholarly accomplishments, but it can also serve to reinforce the academic goals the instructor introduces. The literature on parental attachment is large, while the literature related specifically to parental attachment and the scholastic achievement of college students is minimal. In fact, within the past 10 years, there have been a lot of studies conducted to establish a cause and effect relationship between attachment and scholarly achievement, but little concentrated on the connection between parental attachment and achievement in the higher learning setting. Based on the literature, I hypothesized that students who have a secure attachment would have higher motivational orientation which will have positive academic success compared to adults with perceptions of insecure attachment. Below I will highlight literature that supports my notion of this cause and effect relationship.
Attachment theory hypothesis is an approach to conceptualize the propensity of people to develop forceful enthusiastic bonds to another individual and comprehend different types of feelings through partition or loss of an appended figure (Bowlby, 1988). As it stands, the hypothesis was generated to clarify the numerous types of identity aggravation and emotional distress that can occur upon division or separation from the attachment figure (Bowlby, 1988). Moreover, the objective of the attachment theory is to establish the importance of the infant’s ability to establish a secure and predictable attachment to their attachment figure.
As Bowlby (1988) maintains that infants are born with the innate ability to look for and structure close, persevering bonds with others. This closeness ensures the survival of the infant by initiating an immediate reaction from the guardian or parental figure in times of peril or distress. Accordingly, the attachment figure provides security and the infant can continually return for consolation (Bowlby, 1988).
Additionally, since working models are generally thought to be a continuous part of a person’s self-framework, weakened working models are likely the cause of a large number of behavioral challenges shown by young people and early grown-ups (Bowlby, 1988). In fact, Bowlby (1988) depicted three examples of insecure attachments that results from a weakened working model among adolescents and adult individuals: anxious attachment, compulsive self-confidence, and compulsive caregiving. As a child grows up and experiences issues with behavior, it is likely the...