Alberta and Saskatchewan join confederation (1905):
-Issues emerged with the federal government over control of natural resources.
-Manitoba had issues over schools teaching in French (1890)
-Quebec felt they hadn’t gained anything having French-speaking Prime Minister
Building a “Tin-Pot” Navy”
-Canada has the 2nd largest coastline therefore fishing needed to be protected
-Naval bases were to be created in Halifax, N.S, and Esquimalt, BC
-east coast to protect the cod fishery from Germany, Spain. And Portugal.
-west coast defend coastline from Japanese invasion.
Opponents to the Navy:
-Canada has protection from England’s Royal Navy
-Building a navy would be far too expensive
-Canada purchased 3 navy vessels (considered tin-pot navy because it was small)
-some believed it wouldn’t adequately defend Canada
Canada and USA relations:
-reciprocity (free trade): Canada wanted to reduce tariffs (taxes) on imported US goods
-US wanted free trade so that it could expand on its sales of product to Canada
-many Canadians opposed it; caused greater competition for Canadian products and business
-established US branch plants: US moves factories to Canada to make products and jobs for Canadians if companies fail, branch plants are the first to shut down ans many Canadians will lose their jobs.
- competition against US imports caused Canadian workers in US branch to seek job protection and security (start unions)
Economic Depression (1913):
· Canadians immigrants compete for jobs when money is low
· Large gov’t debt to cover the cost of two national railways
· Threat to war in Europe made investors cautious about spending money
A Nation at war:
-Causes include: militarism, nationalism, and imperialism
-Europe divided into two alliances: Entente Cordiale/ Triple Entente: Great Britain, France and Russia VS Triple Alliance: Germany, Italy, and Austria-Hungary.
-Events that lead to war and alliances:
· Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassinated
· Austria wanted to punish Serbia for assassination
· Germany supported Austria by attacking France and Belgium
· Within a few days the alliances were at war
· By November, Germany had forced French and British troops back to the western coastline
· Turkey joined Germany and blocked trade routes to Russia
· Germany was successful at pushing Russia back within the borders
-initially Canada’s gov’t supported war to show it was loyal to England
-Canadian gov’t thought the war would be a quick and decisive victory
-French Canadians were very reserved about Canada’s participation in the war, “not our war”
-There were a few French enlistments as they were still bitter about gov’t policies on the French language and education in the west of Ontario
Causes of WW1:
-extending the rule of authority of...