Chemistry Social Relevance: Proposed Smoking Bans In South Australia

2616 words - 11 pages

Chemistry Social Relevance ReportA total ban on cigarette smoking in hotels will be enforced by late October in 2007. Some people think that this is too soon, while others believe it is not soon enough.Smoking is the largest cause of preventable death in developed countries. More than 700,000 people have died from tobacco related illnesses in the past 50 years. Apart from the harm every smoker does to their own body, the Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) their cigarette produces also harms the non-smokers around them. Add the environmental degradation and huge economic burden each smoker places on Australia to the already well documented health problems connected to smoking and there i ...view middle of the document...

The sidestream smoke that comes off the end of a cigarette is more damaging to a person's health than the smoke that is actually inhaled through the cigarette because it does not pass through a filter, and between puffs the heat in the cigarette is not high enough to completely burn off some of the chemicals in the tobacco:"...Environmental Tobacco Smoke contains 5 regulated hazardous air pollutants, 47 regulated hazardous wastes, 60 known or suspected carcinogens, and more than 100 chemical poisons..."James Repace, 2000, 'Can Ventilation Control Secondhand Smoke in the Hospitality Industry?'(Abstract, pg 1)There are many harmful substances are found in cigarette smoke; of the chemicals formed at least 400 are toxic, between 40 and 70 are carcinogenic to animals and eleven are known human carcinogens. Cigarette smoke is classified into two categories; the vapour pahse and the particulate phase. The particulate phase of cigarette smoke is also known as tar:"'Tar' is the collective name for thousands of chemicals...different tars have different chemical make-up, different toxicity and different physical properties."Action on Smoking and Health (ASH), February 2001, 'What goes in? What comes out?, is inhaled as particles along with the smoke and as it cools it condenses to form the black carcinogenic substance that coats the throat and lungs of smokers. The particulate phase contains many metals like lead, nickel, arsenic and cadmium, radioactive compounds like polonium-210, which can cause cancer as well as pesticide and fertiliser residues . Nicotine (C10H14N2), the addictive drug in tobacco is also produced in the particulate phase. In its pure alkaloid form, a 50 mg dose of nicotine is fatal; however, cigarettes generally only contain 10-20 mg of nicotine. Nicotine causes heart disease by raising blood pressure and makes the blood clot more easily as well as raising the levels of artery clogging LDL (bad cholesterol). Nicotine also affects the body's metabolism and the levels of pleasure inducing dopamine neurotransmitters.The vapour phase of cigarette smoke contains atmospheric pollutants sulphur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and carbon monoxide (CO). Carbon monoxide is a poisonous gas that reduces the amount of oxygen a red blood cell can carry, starving internal organs of oxygen and impairing vision and co-ordination. Hydrogen cyanide gas (HCN) attacks the lining of the bronchi (part of the lung), inflaming them and destroying the tiny hairs that perform the task of cleaning the lungs, as a result toxic substances build up in the lungs. Several components of both the vapour and particulate phases cause Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder- COPD .Because the individual components of cigarette smoke vary according to brand one way to identify and measure the components of cigarette smoke is to use Gas Chromatography (GC). Gas Chromatography is a method of separat...


Examine the representation of social and economic divisions in Elizabeth Gaskell’s North and South. - First Year Final Coursework - Term Paper

2201 words - 9 pages 1 Examine the representation of social and economic divisions in Elizabeth Gaskell’s North and South. Considered a significant piece of Victorian literature, North and South features a strong female protagonist, an exploration of a mature love story, and relevant social and political insight on industrialisation and class issues during the mid-19th Century. During the 19th Century, a new way of thinking came to light that challenged the

Comparison: Australia and South Korea - Mosman high school - Assessment

1235 words - 5 pages distribution of income is also unbalanced. In 2017, according from Australian Council of Social Service (ACOSS), the richest 20% of Australian had occupied over 40% of wealth and the poorest 20%, manly consisted by unemployed people and elderly people only own 8% of all wealth. The Gini score of Australia is 0.434, higher than South Korea’s. Environmental sustainability: Australia is one of the world's best ecologically sound countries and is considered

Safety in the Workplace Assignment

606 words - 3 pages resource department to create and maintain safety policies. Implementing and enforcing the safety rules ensures the employer that the workers will be a productive group. So many trends today involve smoking bans and trans-fat bans because Americans are aware there is a problem. The firms that become proactive and involve the policies and procedures to follow the set standards by local and federal governments will be in turn, protecting

Air Pollution and it effects. Also Solutions and effectiveness of solutions. - Kulisc - essay

1974 words - 8 pages air pollution in the atmosphere. Another effective method would be by banning smoking outdoors completely. This step however can only be taken by the government as a new statute would need to be created and it is understandable that most people would stop doing something only if there was a ban on it by a government body. After discussing the solutions to air pollution, we will now discuss how realistic these methods are in reducing air pollution

Criminology Skills Essay Outline - Griffith University, 1011CCJ Criminology Skills - Essay Outline

2077 words - 9 pages : This essay strongly argues in support of this claim by firstly, exploring the current qualifications and training of Australian police officers. Secondly, the social pressures which are pursuing this call for reform of police performance and education. Thirdly, the public’s attitude towards the police, including complaints statistics and how this has resulted in increased involvement of universities around Australia to provide and promote tertiary

Effects of Smoking: Pros and Cons - English 101 - Essay

947 words - 4 pages . Addiction is the fact or condition of being addicted to a certain substance or thing. The best way to break this thing called addiction is to focus on the root of the problem: the causes of smoking A main cause of smoking at an early age would be in the social aspect of today’s society. The first stages of smoking begin in the experimental stage. In the article, Why People Start Smoking and Why It’s Hard to Stop, it says “Studies show that smoking is

Dylan Santoso enzyme assignment - hills college - assignment

1064 words - 5 pages Paragraph 1 background information Paragraph 2,3,4 Analyse another anti-smoking text INTRODUCTION The Effectiveness of Anti-Smoking Texts There are millions of underage teenagers that smoke in this world. Smokers think that smoking is cool, enjoyable and it helps them to boost their mood; yet smoking fatally harms their organs and body. Teenagers these days get many diseases because they choose to stay and hang out, and with bad society instead

Problem and shortcoming of Queensland not having a De facto relationship Act - All Saints Anglican School - Essay

3103 words - 13 pages Free DE FACTO RELATIONS REGARDING Commonwealth Powers (De Facto) Act 2003 Executive Summary The form and pass of the proposed De Facto Relationships Act 2018 in the Australian Parliament will override any existed state or territory laws regarding De facto Relationship, when all states will be able to reach the common ground. It best regulates De facto law uniformly in Australia (including its external territories) and it best addresses the

English paper that needs to be 6 pages - English 3 - Essays

1732 words - 7 pages up the heart. The tobacco your breath in, must do with changing the blood chemistry and damaging the blood vessels. While you are smoking, the smoke that just been inhale, the cells in the blood vessels react to the chemicals. Then the blood vessels thicken and narrow (Aspa). One of negative of smoking is you get plaque build ups and Aneurysms. It is when the blood vessels burst, it can lead to death! It can suck that you play with your child


1130 words - 5 pages ?,,April 22, 2005Study Guide 1007AMC (1999) Social Sciences in Australia, School of Arts, Media and Culture, Griffith University, BrisbaneThe Law Society of New South Wales (2002) After Ada: A New Precedent for Women in Law,,April 20, 2005Wilson, J. (2005) Composition of Australian Parliaments by Party and Gender,,April 23, 2005

Observation on debate on the implications of gun control in the US in the 21st century - Sociology 103 - Essay

1503 words - 7 pages Jadi Norris Amanda Bartels January 29, 2016 Gun Control in the 21st Century What is the relevance and future of the Second Amendment? Guns are a fundamental part of America. Without guns, the first revolutionaries would have been unable to beat back the British forces that sought to impose rule on the new founded nation. Because of the need for firearms for simple survival during the early days of the country’s founding, the right to bear arms

Aboriginal Education

327 words - 2 pages is unlikely to be something that can or will occur soon.An announcement by South Australian Education Minister Colin Barnett in 1999, said that the Government will be establishing an Aboriginal-managed school in the Northern Suburbs. Hopefully measures such as this one and others, will slowly begin bridging the gap between education standards and results for Aboriginal people throughout the whole of Australia.'Current Social Issues,' Vol 99, No 19, November, 1999, Curtin Publishing.

Teens Should Not Be Allowed To Smoke Faizan Sadiq

1432 words - 6 pages , freedom, popularity, and social acceptance. Teens feeling insecure about there appearance get the message that from smoking all that can happen. Companies specifically target females for many years, by linking many brands with slimness. One way tobacco companies target teens is through the media. The more teens see actors smoking in TV shows and movies, the more teens will want to try it themselves. "Non-smoking teens whose favourite stars

Tobacco Taxation Research Paper - Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University / ECON 210 - Research Paper

2031 words - 9 pages would lose revenue from cigarette excise taxes, which totaled $13.75 billion in 2006. “If Americans stopped smoking altogether, states could see a 1.4 percent decrease in revenue. end of smoking means a slight, 1.58 percent increase in Social Security outlays” (Kliff, 2011). Results like these give optimism for success if it could be instituted. Tobacco in the United States In the United States, the tobacco industry has been a staple in the economy

NAPLAN practice - tobacco should be illegal essay - year 9 - Essay

734 words - 3 pages feeble attempts to slow down the tobacco usage in australia is just inadequate, this drug still feeds off​ our society and economy like a virus.​ When you walk past the alleys in Bondi Junction what do you see? Teenagers in school uniform, smoking,​ filling they’re lungs and intoxicating their brains​ with this enslaving and unforgiving drug​. Our family lives are threatened by the foreboding and looming idea of our children​ encountering, using and