China Gender How The Roles Have Changed University Essay Essay

4342 words - 18 pages

Assess the impact of reform and modernisation on ONE of the following dimensions of China’s political sociology: class, gender, ethnicity, or the environment
Manza defines political sociology as the study of power and domination within social relationships. This essay will explore the impact that China’s re-formed economic policy has had over the past 40 years on one in particular dimension of China’s political sociology: gender. It will do this by firstly examining the new roles and identities that have been assigned to males and females following the break up of the ‘iron rice bowl’. Additionally, how these developments have influenced the roles of women within society will be discussed. Finally, the impact of trade liberalisation and China’s new involvement as a global leader on women’s rights will also be evaluated.
“For generations and certainly during the Qing dynasty (1644-1911) and Republican period (1911-1949), the teachings of Confucius were practised within China, in order to create a social and family hierarchy”. This led to “women’s correct place being seen to be within the house’; man’s correct place to be outside of the house”. Greenhalgh argues that “following traditional Confucian teachings led to a system within China in which men were in charge of all important decisions.
However, after the founding of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in 1949, women’s status dramatically improved. Mao Zedong saw women as crucial within the production process and even stated that “women hold up half the sky”. Mao believed that “genuine equality between the sexes can only be realised in the process of socialist transformation of society as a whole”. To improve gender equality Mao believed that women needed to hold basic rights. This led to the passage of the Marriage Law (1950) which stated that women could only get married if they consented to it, instead of being forced into marriage by their family. Secondly, the Agrarian Reform Law (1950) was also passed which “gave women their first legal rights to own land”.
At this time, China was on the brink of bankruptcy. This lead to the creation of ‘state owned enterprises’ (SOEs). SOEs can be defined as companies which were fully owned by the state and that employed both men and women to carry out the work. They promoted the notion of ‘equal work, equal pay” for both men and women. Initially, before these SOEs were opened women represented a meagre 7% of the total work force. However, by the start of the 1970s, it was reported that 80% of all women in China took place within the production process”. This increase in wages for women allowed them “to have more choices about how to participate within society and allowed them to have more bargaining power within their households”. These SOEs were seen to “put an end to the feudal marital and family system that had endured for thousands of years”. Furthermore, SOEs offered comprehensive welfare packages which were provided for work...


How the inflow and outflow of FDI in China changed their economy - Global economy - Essay

2150 words - 9 pages Free suffer today. Though in recent years China has set its focus on not only changing the way they invest but also where, focussing on Central China, in order to build up these areas as much as the costal provinces have been able to. To conclude, this essay has enlightened China’s ever growing economy through struggling as a developing nation to becoming one of the world leaders economically. Although they are far from being a well rounded country that

How toys influence gender roles - RHE 309 - Persuasive essay

516 words - 3 pages Free as batman. It goes against gender stereotypes and really shows how not following them, can be a good thing. I will insert my pathos after my logos paragraph, as using emotion needs to come after I have gained my audience’s trust. I will use “Let’s Go Toy Shopping,” “Breaking Gender Stereotypes in the Toy Box,” and “Guys and Dolls No More,” in my ethos paragraph. All of these articles use logic to defend their argument and it will help strengthen

Change of Gender Roles in The Shining - University of Colorado Boulder/ Horror Films in American Culture - Essay

637 words - 3 pages faction: The Women’s Liberation Movement. During this time, gender roles and expectations were changing. Like many debated and controversial topics, the argument of women’s liberation manifested itself in different types of media. The Shining is a good example of this because the film addresses many social issues, one being gender and family role expectations. As parents, it is Jack and Wendy’s (Shelley Duvall) responsibility to take care of their

gender roles in victorian society - University of Louisiana at Lafayette - essay

1528 words - 7 pages Free Shaw’s “Mrs. Warren’s Profession”, Shaw writes a feminist play that has an underlying theme concerning gender roles and humorously flipping them. He uses his piece to show that these gender roles are everchanging and to bring about the concept of the New Woman. How the readers first see the male role changed is when Frank is introduced in the play. Frank is supposed to be perceived by the audience as lazy because he is living with his father

How Macbeth changed through the story - Literature - Essay

783 words - 4 pages Macbeth essay In Williams Shakespeare's play Macbeth, Macbeth is portrayed as a courageous figure. He showed his courage while fighting against MacDonwald and Norway as well as in his final battle where Macbeth remains brave even when he realizes that he lost. However, Macbeth's personality vastly changed through the plot of the play. Macbeth lost a feeling of guilt and became confident in the actions that he did. Throughout the act of the play

How Baseball Has changed over the years - Lackawanna College - Essay

1522 words - 7 pages Vaughan �1 Ja’nai Marcel Vaughan Mlodzineski, Micheal ENG 105 AB- College Writing 11/28/18 How baseball has evolved since its creation The game of baseball is always evolving. In recent years the changes have been pretty significant. Like for instance how they changed the time players have in-between innings, or how most stadiums added extra netting around the first and third base areas. There have even been major changes to the core of the

How the Constitution Changed America - College US History - Essay

597 words - 3 pages When the Constitution of the United States was written in 1787 it changed the lives of many.  The constitution is such a famous piece of writing for many reasons. It is well known not just because it established a democratic government but, more of how it consistent it is with modern society. When the constitution was written the founding fathers made it in such a way that it would be able to relate to society as it modernized. As this new

Overcoming Gender Roles in the Hunger Games - Aurora High School/English - Essay

1160 words - 5 pages . This shows Katniss breaking the gender barriers that women aren’t strong enough to hunt or even have enough determination and mental strength to run a household. Therefore Katniss is able to be the main provider of the family even though she is a girl who would be breaking the gender barriers of strength and that women cannot be a father figure. This will help our society today by showing that women can take on jobs that require a lot more

Compare and Contrast Gender Roles - ENC 1101 - Essay

790 words - 4 pages insulted from his customers put an image on Sile being weak. Marrying Abeeda changed the plot of the story and the interactions with others. An altercation between a man and a woman in the story showed how the gender roles are reversed. Women can have power more than men and can voice for others. Mohammed Ali presented gender roles in a non-traditional way by reversing the powers that men and women can have for each other to be respected. My

Societal Gender Roles Through Texts - English 2850 - Essay

2370 words - 10 pages that over time these roles of women being viewed as unequal to man have stayed stagnant just to maintain tradition. According to the Oxford Dictionary and Planned Parenthood, gender roles are the roles or behavior learned by a person as appropriate to their gender, determined by the prevailing cultural norms or, how we’re expected to act, speak, dress, groom, and conduct ourselves based upon our assigned sex. This all means that there is a

Gender Revolution - How "gender" has evolved - Gender in Communications - Essay

2180 words - 9 pages regardless of whether they have legally changed their name. They them theirs Pan gender - multitude of gender Bigender - denoting or relating to a person whose sense of personal identity encompasses two genders. male assigned at birth (MAAB) designated male at birth (DMAB). Assigned female at birth (AFAB): a person of any age and irrespective of current gender whose sex assignment at birth resulted in a declaration of "female". Transtrender for the sake

Nature vs Nurture: The Dichotomy of Gender Roles - Inver Hills Community College: Intro to Academic Writing - Essay

866 words - 4 pages Nature vs Nurture: The Dichotomy of Gender Roles The belief that gender roles are inherently biological is a cultural fallacy, which can lead to an inability to effectively communicate when we do not assess each individual’s personality. Research of this topic is necessary in order to learn how to completely understand how to communicate. When trying to communicate with an individual there are more variables than simply gender that need to be

The Gender Roles in the Odyssey Oral - Harvard University - Ancient Studies / History

773 words - 4 pages discussing the key elements in depth The differences in gender roles within the Odyssey is very clear on numerous occasions as it shapes the expectations of both gender roles throughout the entire epic. In book 1.337-344 the intention is clear about how women are expected to act and what they must fulfil in order to live up to society’s expectations in the Odyssey. As Penelope articulates that the music being played should be shut immediately

gender roles back in the 1900 how they are different from today's world - phyciology - phy

665 words - 3 pages as to whether or not the 1950s was a good decade can certainly be twisted from a woman’s point of view as women were forced out of respectable roles supporting their male counterparts, into the common household becoming a professional homemaker. In conclusion gender roles during and after World War II changed quite a bit. Not necessarily on the men’s side of things but on the women’s. They went from providing for their families while their

How the War on Terror changed modern day United States - Federal Government - Essay

1159 words - 5 pages Blankenship 1 Shelbie Blankenship Professor Goral Federal Government 2305A52 24 April 2019 Federal Government Essay On October 7, 2001, the United States entered its longest lasting war, which continues to this day, just a month after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. The attacks of 9/11 triggered major United States initiatives to combat terrorism and defined the presidency of George W. Bush. For the duration of the attack, 19