Boris F. Bastidas
Political ideologies are a set of rules, regulations, values or beliefs that are held by a particular individual or group of individuals that defines or rather sets the standards on how the society should behave and present a guideline for a certain social order. With this in mind, it is consequently important to state that every person in the society holds in his or her life some form of ideologies – political ideologies in this case – whose base defines the way he or she desires to view the society as a whole. There are different political ideologies that exist across the globe. However, the most common political ideologies that are well known in the contemporary society are liberalism and conservatism. Notably, most people would belong either to conservatism or liberalism. Nonetheless, I don’t consider myself as a total liberal nor a conservative, I mostly see some good in both parties; hence, I see myself as a moderate.
As I grow up, I have experienced different stages of my understanding of political ideologies, especially the political system in my own country. Coming from Haiti, a country with political, social and economic issues, I have observed how the masse would answer to political ideologies, precisely governmental actions. Being uneducated, their best way to be heard would be to set cars, private businesses or governmental institutions on fire, spread terror in the streets, kids would not be able to go to school, workers would be too scared to go to work, for them the best way to protest is to force the government to understand that they are starving, per example if the new elected president is not a man of his words. All that in a so called modern conservative country, I have come to understand that the environment around us has a powerful influence on the decisions that we produce and the views that we choose to hold, which made me a conservative as well all my life. After I moved to the United States two years ago, I decided to make some research and looked into other political parties in different countries, especially the United States’, I discovered that the most popular in the world were the liberal party and the conservative party. Now what do these parties stand for?
Conservatism is one of the major doctrine on political ideologies of the world, it focuses on individualism, self-reliance, personal responsibility and limited government. Conservatives believe the role of government should be to provide people the freedom necessary to pursue their own goals, their policies generally emphasize empowerment of the individual to solve problems, they care about preserving traditions and majority opinion. Having the people to follow the culture. The main goal of a conservative is to keep things unchanged, according to Edmund Burke (1720-1797) considered as the philosophical founder of conservatism