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Cognitive Psychology Essay

3348 words - 14 pages

FACULTY OF APPLIED SOCIAL SCIENCEMAY /2013ABPK 1203COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGYNAME : Aw Swee SianLEARNING CENTRE : KelantanLearning CentreTable of ContentsWhat Regulates the Surface Color Surface effect in 1Object Recognition: ColorDiagnosticity or Category 1.1 Summary 1Review 1Conclusion 32.0 Attention and Consciousness: Two Distinct Brain Processes 32.1 Summary 32.2 Review 42.3 Conclusion 63.0 Tricks of Memory 83.1 Summary 83.2 Review 83.3 Conclusion 94.0 Virtual Reality Technology for the Virtual Perception Study. 114.1 Summary 114.2 Review 114.3 Conclusion 125.0 Comparison of four article 14References 17What Regulates The Surface Color Effect in Object Recognition: ColorDiagnosticity or ...view middle of the document...

This study was conducted for the reasons in reinforcing the earlier study done by Tanaka and Presnell (1999), where the result show object recognition is related to specific color.The method of this study is divided into two experiments. The primary finding was the presence of surface color facilitated the recognition of HCD object but did not affect the recognition of LCD objects. Irrespective of whether the objects belonged to man-made or natural categories.Experiment 1 used feature listing and typically judgements, recruiting fifty four Japanese students form Meiji Gakuin University. Seventy four (34 from man-made categories & 40 from natural categories) was listed. The experiment consists of 2 stages. In 1st stage, booklets were given and instructed they would be given 10 sec to list 3 perceptual features of each objects. In 2nd stage, participants were instructed they were given 10 sec to mention the typical color for the objects.Experiment 2 used object Classification task where 17 Japanese students (7 women and 10 men, age between 18 and 23yo) from University of Tokyo. Pictures of 56 common objects were used, 28 items were determined as targets object and paired into following criteria:Distinct color and shape from one anotherSimilar sizeBelong to same superordinate categoryEach object of 56 was presented with in two versions; a color version and achromatic version (gray scale).1.3 ConclusionBoth experiment concluded regardless of object category (man-made or natural), the surface colorr effect was observed in recognition of HCD objects but wasn't observed in LCD objects. The result supports the colourdiagnosticity hypothesis of Tanaka and Presnell (1999).Attention and Consciousness: Two Distinct Brain ProcessesBy Christof Koch &Naotsugu TsuchiyaSummaryThe researchers were conflicted between relationship of attention andconsciousness. This article summarizes the psychological evidence that attention and consciousness need not appear together but can be manipulated using distinct paradigm. Furthermore top-down attention and consciousness can have opposing effect. Few would dispute relationship between selective attention and consciousness and these processes are inextricably interwoven if not identical.Question arises if paying attention is necessary and sufficient for consciousness or can conscious perception occur outside the spotlight of attention. The evidence in this study will also support the dissociation between attention and consciousness and provide functional justifications for this viewpoint. The arguments on events or objects can be attended to without being consciously perceived. This article focus on the relationship between these controlled form of selective, endogenous attention and consciousness. Consciousness is surmised to be different from attention and one accepts that attentions and consciousness have different function and different process.ReviewThis article discusses the complex organism and brain that can...

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