Paper On Cognitive Psychology

3348 words - 14 pages

FACULTY OF APPLIED SOCIAL SCIENCEMAY /2013ABPK 1203COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGYNAME : Aw Swee SianLEARNING CENTRE : KelantanLearning CentreTable of ContentsWhat Regulates the Surface Color Surface effect in 1Object Recognition: ColorDiagnosticity or Category 1.1 Summary 1Review 1Conclusion 32.0 Attention and Consciousness: Two Distinct Brain Processes 32.1 Summary 32.2 Review 42.3 Conclusion 63.0 Tricks of Memory 83.1 Summary 83.2 Review 83.3 Conclusion 94.0 Virtual Reality Technology for the Virtual Perception Study. 114.1 Summary 114.2 Review 114.3 Conclusion 125.0 Comparison of four article 14References 17What Regulates The Surface Color Effect in Object Recognition: ColorDiagnosticity ...view middle of the document...

This study was conducted for the reasons in reinforcing the earlier study done by Tanaka and Presnell (1999), where the result show object recognition is related to specific color.The method of this study is divided into two experiments. The primary finding was the presence of surface color facilitated the recognition of HCD object but did not affect the recognition of LCD objects. Irrespective of whether the objects belonged to man-made or natural categories.Experiment 1 used feature listing and typically judgements, recruiting fifty four Japanese students form Meiji Gakuin University. Seventy four (34 from man-made categories & 40 from natural categories) was listed. The experiment consists of 2 stages. In 1st stage, booklets were given and instructed they would be given 10 sec to list 3 perceptual features of each objects. In 2nd stage, participants were instructed they were given 10 sec to mention the typical color for the objects.Experiment 2 used object Classification task where 17 Japanese students (7 women and 10 men, age between 18 and 23yo) from University of Tokyo. Pictures of 56 common objects were used, 28 items were determined as targets object and paired into following criteria:Distinct color and shape from one anotherSimilar sizeBelong to same superordinate categoryEach object of 56 was presented with in two versions; a color version and achromatic version (gray scale).1.3 ConclusionBoth experiment concluded regardless of object category (man-made or natural), the surface colorr effect was observed in recognition of HCD objects but wasn't observed in LCD objects. The result supports the colourdiagnosticity hypothesis of Tanaka and Presnell (1999).Attention and Consciousness: Two Distinct Brain ProcessesBy Christof Koch &Naotsugu TsuchiyaSummaryThe researchers were conflicted between relationship of attention andconsciousness. This article summarizes the psychological evidence that attention and consciousness need not appear together but can be manipulated using distinct paradigm. Furthermore top-down attention and consciousness can have opposing effect. Few would dispute relationship between selective attention and consciousness and these processes are inextricably interwoven if not identical.Question arises if paying attention is necessary and sufficient for consciousness or can conscious perception occur outside the spotlight of attention. The evidence in this study will also support the dissociation between attention and consciousness and provide functional justifications for this viewpoint. The arguments on events or objects can be attended to without being consciously perceived. This article focus on the relationship between these controlled form of selective, endogenous attention and consciousness. Consciousness is surmised to be different from attention and one accepts that attentions and consciousness have different function and different process.ReviewThis article discusses the complex organism and brain that ...

RELATED

Do brain training programs improve cognitive abilities? - Psychology - Research paper

1627 words - 7 pages , although the experimental groups showed improvements on the trained tasks, they did not do well on the transfer ones, which indicates that there was no transfer effect. The finding by Owen’s team is similar to what Daniel Simons, a professor of psychology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and his colleagues concluded in their recent exhaustive meta-analysis of more than 130 studies in the cognitive training literature (Simons et al

Describe and compare classical and instrumental conditioning in their effectiveness in explaining learning - BSc Psychology with Cognitive Neuroscience - Essay

1143 words - 5 pages scenarios. Both classical and instrumental conditioning are paradigms in psychology that attempt to explain learning and there is enough evidence from studies to suggest that they both lead to behavioural change in animals. A major difference between the two types of conditioning is that in classical conditioning one stimulus is expected to be followed by another whereas in instrumental conditioning particular behaviours will produce particular

Habituation Effects on Studying - Cognitive Psychology - Research

588 words - 3 pages Anisha Sandhu Question: How may habituation, classical and operant conditioning adversely affect the development of good study habits? Propose a set of ideas that may make studying more effective, showing clearly the theoretical basis for expecting each idea to become effective. Habituation itself is a decrease in response to a stimulus after repeated viewings/presentations. E.G. at first, a new ringtone will grab your attention however overtime

A Delve into the Man Behind Cognitive Development - A Biography of the Great Jean Piaget - Houston Community College - Dual Credit Psychology - Essay

1251 words - 6 pages Running head: A DELVE INTO THE MAN BEHIND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 1 A Delve into the Man Behind Cognitive Development A Biography of the Great Jean Piaget Abel Bunn Cirillo — D.C. PSYC-2301 April 26th, 2019 A DELVE INTO THE MAN BEHIND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 2 Abstract This paper biographies Jean Piaget, a Swiss psychologist who was renowned for his immense alms to the field of psychology, especially when concerning his emphasis on the adequate

The Contribution Of Jean Piaget To Cognitive Development

2740 words - 11 pages Cognitive development is an intellectual growth from infancy to adulthood. Jean Piaget (1896-1980), a Swiss psychologist, was one of the most important and influential researchers in the field of developmental psychology throughout the 20th century. Piaget was born in Neuchâtel, Switzerland, on August 9, 1896. His father, Arthur Piaget, was a professor of medieval literature with an interest in local history. His mother, Rebecca Jackson

Bilingualism and its Effets on Cognitive Development in Children - Metropolitan State University / Linguistics - Research paper

1372 words - 6 pages Free ; all of the good and all of the bad. Works Cited Bialystok, Ellen, Fergus I.M. Craik, and Gigi Luk. “Bilingualism: Consequences for Mind and Brain.” Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16.4 (2012): 240–250. PMC. Web. 26 Mar. 2018. Grosjean, F. (2011) What Are the Effects of Bilingualism?, Life as a Bilingual, Psychology Today, (16 June, 2011) http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/life- bilingual/201010/myths-about-bilingualism-0 Hamers, J. F. and Blanc, M

Exposure to Violence and the Social-Cognitive Effects on Children - Human Growth and Development - Research Paper

2849 words - 12 pages ). Child-to-parent violence: The role of exposure to violence and its relationship to social-cognitive processing. European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context, Vol 8, Iss 2, Pp 43-50 (2016), (2), 43. Retrieved from http://ejpalc.elsevier.es/en/child-to-parent-violence-the-role-exposure/articulo/S1889186116300087/#.W-MOAxNKg_U Mcleod, S. (2018, June 06). Jean Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development. Retrieved from https

Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy - Toronto Integral Healing Centre of Toronto - Essay

4644 words - 19 pages Free : Shambhala Teasdale, J. D., Segal, Z., & Williams, J. G. (1995). How does cognitive therapy prevent depressive relapse and why should attentional control (mindfulness) training help? Behaviour Research and Therapy,33(1), 25-39. doi:10.1016/0005-7967(94)e0011-7 Walsh, R., & Shapiro, S. L. (2006). The meeting of meditative disciplines and western psychology. A mutually enriching dialogue. American Psychologist, 61 (3), 227-239. 23

cognitive development in young adulthood - counseling - essay

905 words - 4 pages Cognitive Development in Early Adulthood Changes in the structure of thought · Postformal thought is cognitive development past Piaget’s formal operational stage. Thinking becomes restructured in adulthood, as life is rarely as clear and emotionally manageable as one thinks it will be in adolescence. · Perry’s theory – after interviewing college students at the end of each year of college, Perry found that students gradually changed their

Behavior Science

604 words - 3 pages Explanation of Human BehaviorTiffany GrabowskiBEH/225November 14, 2014 David Stephensen Running head: EXPLANATION OF HUMAN BEHAVIOR 1 EXPLANATION OF HUMAN BEHAVIOR 4 Explanation of Human BehaviorHow did psychology evolve into a science?The word "science" fall under many different definitions but when it comes to psychology let's assume it involves the scientific method and theories. The word "psychology" is broadly agreed that psychology

Social Psychology

1260 words - 6 pages Social Psychology PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 2 Running Header: SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY DEFINITIONSocial Psychology DefinitionSandra LattinTessie BlakeUniversity of PhoenixSocial Psychology DefinitionSocial psychology is the study of the relations between people and groups. Scholars in this interdisciplinary area are typically either psychologists or sociologists, though all social psychologists employ both the individual and the group as their units of

1001psy lab report - letter detection test - griffith uni 1001psy - lab report

1619 words - 7 pages . 25(6) 417-424. Department of psychology and neuroscience, Dalhousie University. Lambourne. K, & Tomporowski. P. 2010. ‘The effect of exercise-induced arousal on cognitive task performance: a meta-regression analysis’. Brain research. Vol. 1341. 12-24 Unknown author. https://www.psychestudy.com/general/motivation-emotion/yerkes-dodson-law. 2018. Appendix Part 1. The inverted U-Model The 3 levels of Yerkes-Dodson Law. (Introduction paragraph)

Essay that discusses the morals of an individual using Lord of the Flies as the example. - Year 10 English Advanced - Essay, critical response.

1096 words - 5 pages Determining the difference between ‘good’ and ‘bad’ can be difficult without nurture to construct our morals. Basic morals can be gleaned from certain stories or experiences which grant us our cognitive psychology, humanism and behaviourism. Without nurture our nature reveals our primitive, savage personalities that are currently defined as ‘bad’ in today’s society. With people such as Sigmund Freud and Abraham Maslow to explain how nurture is

What we do we know about the causes of autism? - Psychology - Essay

2432 words - 10 pages of 21 twin pairs. Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines, 18 (4), 297-321 Geschwind, D.H. (2013). Genetics of Autism Spectrum Disorders. Trends in cognitive science, 15 (9), pp. 409-16 Hagerman, R., Hoem, G., & Hagerman, P. (2010). Fragile X and autism: Intertwined at the molecular level leading to targeted treatments. Molecular autism, 1 (12) Happe, F., Ronald, A., & Plomin, R. (2006). Time to give up on a single

Alternative Treatment For Borderline Personality Disorder

2430 words - 10 pages Free , lives. So, with all things considered, cognitive behavioral therapy is a necessary addition to treatment as usual for borderline patients. For now, it is the best hope to allow this population the ability to avoid lengthy psychiatric hospital stays and to deal with maladaptive thoughts and behaviors.ReferencesComer, Ronald J. (2008). Fundamentals of abnormal psychology. (5th Edition). New York; Worth.Davidson, Kate, Norrie, John, Tyrer, Peter