Many communicable diseases around the world exist. For example, chickenpox, tuberculosis, influenza, measles, mononucleosis, etc. The disease bacteria or virus can easily spread from one person to another by many transmission forms. Once an individual is infected, it is vital to monitor the patient and help provide the medical attention or care he or she may need. Even though there are numerous diseases, for example, tuberculosis, the community health nurse needs to address the disease, prevent it from spreading, and protect the community; it allows the nurse to provide the community with information on how an individual can keep themselves, their family members, and friends from getting infected and allowing them to stay healthy.
Tuberculosis is a communicable disease caused by a bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria mainly affect the lungs but can also affect other vital parts of the human body. The body's affected parts include the brain, kidneys, joints, liver, intestines, and peritoneum (Saunders, page 744). TB can easily spread from one person to another from the droplets released in the air by the infected individual. This happens when the untreated individual coughs, sneezes, speaks, etc. Not everyone infected by TB suffers from its sign and symptoms. As a result, there are two types of TB conditions. One is latent TB infection, and the other is TB disease.
Signs and symptoms of tuberculosis include a persistent cough that last three weeks or longer, chest pain, coughing up blood, night sweats, unexplained weight loss, and weakness (CDC). If Tb is left untreated, complications can occur. Meningitis, spinal pain, joint damage, and kidney and liver damage. Treatment includes prescribed antibiotics. The infected individual will be required to take a course of antibiotics for six to nine months. According to the World Health Organization article related to tuberculosis, it explains how in 2018, there were 1. 5 million individuals that have died from being infected by the disease, which made it the top 10 causes of death. In 2018, an estimated 10 million people got very sick with a communicable disease. Even though Tb spreads to individuals worldwide, in 2018, it reported the largest number of Tb cases. Tuberculosis is a curable disease A case of Tb is reportable. Therefore, healthcare providers have a twenty-four-hour time frame to report Tb's suspected or confirmed case to the health department.
Many barriers affect an individual seeking medical attention, which also contributes to the development of tuberculosis. "Social determinants of health care are conditions contributing to or hindering a person's well-being (Green, 2018). Social determinants include economic stability, housing, education, health care systems, etc. For Tb, "Poverty is a powerful determined of tuberculosis. Crowded and poorly ventilated living and working environments often associated with poverty constitute direct risk factors for...