Communication Process Of Neurons In The Brain

378 words - 2 pages

Write a 350- to 700-word response to the following: Explain the communication process of neurons in the brain. List some common neurotransmitters and describe their effect on behavior.The information transmitted between the brains neurons is passed by the synapse. The synapse bridges the gap between neurons. A single synapse contains presynaptic ending where the neurotransmitters, cell organelles, and mitochondria work in harmony. Receptor sites for neurotransmitters are in the postsynaptic ending. The synapse also contains synaptic cleft this is a sp ...view middle of the document...

Humans have many types of Neurons and neurotransmitters that work in different ways. Some common neurotransmitters are: Acetylcholine the many functions this neurotransmitter is known to regulate REM sleep, stimulating muscles, including those of the gastro-intestinal walls. Alzheimer's patient suffer a 90% loss of this chemical. Glutamate is another common neurotransmitter and it is an excitatory substance. Serotonin is known as the feel good neurotransmitter regulating mood, and emotion, too little can cause depression, anger, even suicide. Endorphin is a neurotransmitter that is involved with pain reduction and pleasure.The brain and human behaviors are a delicate balance of checks and balances. One system is designed so another dose not get out of control. For example when in distress the brain triggers the production of chemicals such as cortisol and the release of adrenaline. In short time frames these help the body to be more alert and survive. If the release of these hormones and chemicals where not checked and balanced disorders arise. These disorders can take on different forms such as chronic stress response, and high blood preassure among many other ailments. Mental illnesses arise when there is a break down in the delicate balance in the brain.


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