Community Health and Population-Focused Nursing – C228
Application of Community Health and Population-Focused Nursing (UG, C228, KLP1-0118)
Western Governors University
A. Select one of the following communicable diseases that has had an outbreak across international borders:
B. Describe the outbreak of the disease selected in part A, including each of the following:
Name of the disease. Ebola virus. Ebola virus can be acquired by people through direct contact with sick person’s bodily fluids or the person who died from Ebola. The virus can enter the body through broken skin or mucus membranes in the nose, mouth, or eyes. Ebola virus can be spread through direct contact with body fluids, infected tissues and blood of primates and fruit bats. People can acquire virus through sexual contact. Peters CJ, Sanchez A (1996)
The Countries Involved.
Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, and the US,
The date the outbreak was discovered.
The first reported outbreak was documented on March 23, 2014. Ebola first documented in 1976 in 2 outbreaks happened at the same time, one in Nzara, South Sudan, and the other one is in Yambuku, Democratic Republic of Congo. The first person who contracted the virus was a village school's headmaster who started showing symptoms on 26 August 1976.The latter cases occurred in a village near the Ebola River, from which the disease was named after. There were six countries involved in the outbreak: Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, and the US,
The dates the disease reached each involved country.
Guinea on 25 March 2014, the World Health Organization reported an outbreak of Ebola virus disease in four southeastern districts of Guinea with a total of 86 suspected cases, including 59 deaths. The first cases of Ebola were reported from Gueckedou, Macenta and Kissidougou in the Forest Region of the country. On 30 March 2014, Liberia announced about its first two cases of Ebola virus disease in Foya, Lofa County. By 23 April thirty-four cases and six deaths from Ebola in Liberia were announced. By 17 June sixteen people had succumbed to the disease in the country. The initial cases were mistaken for malaria, which is a very common disease in Liberia, and this caused the doctors get infected with the Ebola virus. In Mali on October 24, 2014, there was a two-year-old girl, who came from Guinea with her grandmother. The child’s was brought to the country’s health services on 20 October, 2014. The patient was examined by a health care team at Quartier Plateau in Kayes, a city in western Mali on the Senegal River. The investigation of this case revealed an extensive travel history of the patient and her grandmother. The grandmother travelled from her home in Mali to attend a funeral in the town of Kissidougou, in southern Guinea. Sierra Leone On May 26, 2014, The Ministry of Health of Sierra Leone informed about the first cases of Ebola virus. On July 20, 2014, an acutely ill trave...