Comparing And Contrasting Thomas Hobbes And John Locke

945 words - 4 pages

Comparing and Contrasting Thomas Hobbes and John LockeThomas Hobbes and John Locke were two of the great political theorists of their time. They both provided wonderful philosophical texts on how our government should govern us. This paper will show the largest differences and some of the similarities between Thomas Hobbes' Leviathan and John Locke's Second Treatise on Civil Government. Although they do have some similarities, Hobbes and Locke have different views on most of their political arguments, and I will expand on their differences on the state of nature, government, and social contract.Hobbes' view of the state of nature and Locke's view of the state of nature offer remarkable differences. Hobbes believed people act on their own self-interest, and they would go to any extreme to help themselves. He believed we are always in competition with each other for the best food, shelter, money, and so on. Hobbes believed the best way to protect citizens would be to have a sovereign that is intimidating and all-powerful.The view Locke had on the state of nature is conceptually different. Locke's view of the state of nature says that humans have limits as to what we should or should not do, but he believed that humans are generally nice to one another, and we will not bother one another. Therefore, in Locke's state of nature, humans are peaceful. Hobbes, however, believes that humans live in a state of war and fight with each other constantly.Hobbes and Locke did not have many of the same views on government. Though it is not directly stated in his text, most historians believe Hobbes was a supporter of absolute monarchy. He believed the government should have absolute authority over all the citizens. He believed if such a government did not exist, we would live in a world of turmoil. The sovereign (government) has the obligation of keeping the peace and, when need be, national defense. The sovereign establishes all the laws, and has complete legislative, judicial, and executive authority.Locke's view of government is very different from Hobbes'. Locke believes people should have a say in government, and Hobbes would disagree with this statement. Hobbes believes that the sovereign should own all the land, but Locke believes that property is private--God gave us this property, and we should use and enjoy it. Locke is also a supporter of the market economy. He believes that when one invests his own labor, whatever he makes should become his own private property.Government is very much linked with Hobbes' and Locke's views on social contract. Social contract binds the peo...

RELATED

Compare And Contrast The Views Of Thomas Hobbes And John Locke

737 words - 3 pages Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) and John Locke (1632-1704) greatly disagreed on many key issues of their day; issues such as human nature, political authority, and the right of people to rebel. Hobbes studied before the Enlightenment, whereas that influenced John Locke's views immensely. Hobbes's ideas are also derived from his pessimistic view of human nature. He viewed people as selfish and greedy. To the contrary, Locke viewed people as good and

This Essay Compares And Contrasts The Political Philosophy Of Hobbes And Locke

5669 words - 23 pages Free In this paper, I will examine the political philosophies of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. I will investigate both men's ideas individually and offer my own views on their theories. I will conclude the paper by comparing and contrasting the notions introduced in their respective writings.Thomas Hobbes was born in Wiltshire, England in 1588. He lived in one of the most unsettled periods in English history. Following a rebellion against King

Comparing And Contrasting The Joy And Misery Of Adolescence

2381 words - 10 pages Comparing and Contrasting the Joy and Misery of Adolescence.Compare and Contrast both the joy and the misery of adolescence as depicted in J.D Salinger Catcher in the Rye, Dead Poets Society (film) and the poems, Adolescence by Aidan Foster-Carter and Class Discussion by Gloria Yates.Adolescence is the process of changing from a child into an adult. During this period of change young people mature physically, begin to take responsibility for

Essay Comparing and Constrasting Luke Vs. Mark - Saint Leo University World Religion - Essay Comparing and Contrasting Luke Versus Mark

622 words - 3 pages gospel in his other hand. In contrasting Luke 7:36-50 and Mark 14:3-9, Luke edited Mark’s story of how a woman was pouring an expensive oil over Jesus’ head and worshiping him in an elaborate display at the home of Simon the leper. Some asked why she used the ointment on Jesus when it could have been sold for a high price and the money given to the poor. Jesus says to leave her alone, that she was preparing him for burial, and the story will be

Comparing And Contrasting The House And Senate

433 words - 2 pages Since the United States runs on a bicameral legislature, there are glaring differences between each house.The Senate is an assembly or a council of citizens having the highest deliberative and legislative functions in a government. The House is a legislative or deliberative assembly that starts the political process. However, both houses are required to work together in order for government to work properly. This article will examine the many

Comparing The Methods And Effects Of The Poems 'Tall Nettles" By Edward Thomas And "Two Look At Two" By Robert Frost Concerning The Relationships Between Man And Nature

803 words - 4 pages Tall Nettles is about contrasts. Edward Thomas compares the natural growth of the nettles to the man-made objects - 'the springs, the rusty harrow, the plough'. Man-made things are 'long worn out' by springs of water, the many springs (the many change of seasons - time), but yet it is because of these natural things that the nettles thrive. No matter how clean and cultivated the farmer tries to make his yard, the dust and nettles will always

Dylan Thomas And His Poetry

2252 words - 10 pages Dylan Thomas and his poetryDylan Thomas was born on October 14, 1914, in Upland, Swansea. His father, David John Thomas, received a degree at University College Aberystwyth and was valedictorian in English, he taught English at Swansea Grammar School. His father, quick tempered and intimidating had a beautiful, sonorous voice for reading aloud (which Dylan inherited). Florence Hannah Williams, Thomas's mother, was a tailor before she was married

Comparing and Contrasting ISIS and AlQaeda - Government - Essay

1354 words - 6 pages ISIS vs Al-Qaeda Since launching one of the most publicized foreign attacks in history, the multi-national jihadist network known as Al-Qaeda has fuelled the better part of post-2001 terrorist discourse. However, an organization that arose from its Iraqi branch has since surfaced as al-Qaeda’s staunch competitor. Despite being initially dismissed by President Obama as a ‘J.V.’ team, the Islamic State in Iraq and Greater Syria (ISIS) has, in just

Comparing Hal And Henry's Models Of Statescraft

1115 words - 5 pages Free Comparing Hal and Henry's Models of StatescraftTo compare the difference between King Henry and Prince Hal's style of statecraft, first we have to understand the basic philosophy of each. The King belives that to effectively lead the country one needs to lead by example. According to the King's philosophy the best man is the one who lives a pure life and garners respect and honor from all men. To the King's way of thinking Hotspur is more fit to

Comparing Elie Wiesel And Eliezer From Night

1534 words - 7 pages Wiesel." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council, 10 June 2013. Web. 12 May 2014.<http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007176>] As described, the author had used some of his experiences while in the concentration camp to make "Night" more credible to fit it in as a memoir/fiction book. To comparing the Elie Wiesel and Eliezer from the book, as a reader, their life are similar because of how

Comparing and contrasting race-relations in the U.S. and Brazil - Honors Global Scholars Seminar - Research Paper

447 words - 2 pages Contemporary Forms of Discrimination: Race in the United States and Brazil Post-Emancipation Juliette C. Finley Abstract Racial ideologies are fundamentally judgments about who is worthy, who is decent, who belongs, and who doesn't. The notion of centrality and the idea of superiority, that one’s culture or group is superior to those of others, has championed race relations throughout history. The rationalizations once used to legitimate and

Thomas Aquinas’S Works And Philosophies         As An Italian Philosopher And

780 words - 4 pages Thomas Aquinas's Works and Philosophies As an Italian philosopher and theologian, Thomas led the Church towards a new way of thinking. (MSN Learning and Research). From the beginning he rebelled against a life previously set by his family, and paved a road towards success for himself. Aquinas studied Aristotelian doctrine when he came into contact with the Dominican order, much to his mother and father's dismay (Bjorn's Guide to

human nature comparing and contrasting two texts - freshman ohio state - outline

530 words - 3 pages Michelle Agbotui Dr. Dougherty Core 179F December 4th 2018 OUTLINE Human Nature The two texts chosen are “Augustine’s Confessions” and “The Gospel of Matthew”. While Augustine focuses on how as humans we are able to choose between good and bad, Matthew also explains that if we portray the good qualities God wants us to, we will choose good and avoid the bad. However, they both agree on human nature as naturally finding pleasure in sin. I

Of Mice And Men John Steinbeck

1100 words - 5 pages Of mice and men - The EssaySo, John Malkovich plays Lennie, one of the main characters, who is very different from the other characters. The setting of this story is a Californian farm, in 1930´s. On this farm is a very hard life, everybody is terrorized by the boss ´s son Curley. When Lennie and George come to this farm, every thing changes. They are both nice to every single person, which works on the farm, except to Curley and his

"Of Mice And Men" By John Steinbeck

777 words - 4 pages In John Steinbeck's Of Mice and Men, many references are made to the struggleto achieve an impossible goal. Almost every character confesses their desire to lead adifferent life. George, Lennie, Candy, Curley's wife, and even Crooks mention theirfantasies of a better, more enjoyable and admirable life.George and Lennie's fantasy is the main example used to express the struggle torealize impossible dreams. George created this elaborate vision of