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Comparing Welfare Internationally Criminology, Health And Social Care Research Paper, Literature Review

1566 words - 7 pages

Contemporary Forced Migration Assessment 1 1511709
Syria’s refugee crisis: causes, ways of migration, abuse of human rights & human trafficking
INTRODUCTION
For millions of people migration has represented the way to ensure the chance to a life away from poverty and oppression. Immigration, one of today’s most common issue, is the effect of a diverse range of factors, i.e. ethnic, economic, cultural, social (King, 2010). A recent mass migration issue, also described as the largest exodus which placed the humanitarian system under critical financial strain, is the conflict in Syria which has forced over four million people – a sixth of the population – to migrate to adjacent countries; according to the UN, it is the largest refugee crisis for a quarter of a century. With at least 7.6 million people forced away from their homes, almost half of Syrian people are either refugees or internally expatriated, the conflict created more than 220,000 victims (Jones & Shaheen - The Guardian, 2015).
As part of their roles in the UNSC (UN Security Council) with the contribution of the International Syria Support Group, many countries participated in a peace process which intended to end the violence and attain political transition away from Assad. One of the participating countries in this process was United Kingdom. Moreover, the UK led the adoption of three resolutions on the human rights situation in Syria (Home Office, 2016).
The statistics regarding Syrian displacement are staggering – and the figures continue to increase. Because of the tragedy of Syria’s war and the stages of displacement of its population reflects specific limitations in our area which frequently mirror similar global patterns (Al Hussein, 2018).
MAIN BODY
Causes of forced migration
With the rising revolts in Syria in 2011, an exodus in huge numbers has arisen. The disorder and violence have triggered a mass migration to destinations both within the area and beyond. The current "refugee crisis" has intensified hard and its influence is spreading from bordering countries toward Europe. The Syrian crisis is one of the main cause for a growth in displacement and the resulting dire humanitarian condition in the area. As the conflicts haven’t shows any signs of stoppage in the close future, it is a continuous increase in the number of Syrians escaping their homes. However, questions on the upcoming effects following the Syrian crisis are still to be answered (Sirkeci et al, 2015).
With 6.45 million displaced people inside Syria, makes this the largest Internal Displacement Persons calamity in the world. In addition, the number of refugees from Syria continues to increase. The Syrian crisis is a current armed civil war between militants devoted to the Ba'ath regime and those opposing them. Fatalities caused by the conflicts in Syria pointed to 470,000, according to reports from 2016. A projected 4.5 million refugees have escaped the country, many to bordering countries such as Lebanon and...

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