Comparison Of The Activity And Aggressive Levels Of Two Varieties Of Betta Splendens Bio Research Paper

2082 words - 9 pages

Comparison of the activity and aggressive levels of two varieties of Betta splendens: halfmoon double tail and veiltail
B. splendens, Betta fish or Siamese fighting fish are found in Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam and live in slow-moving and stagnant water like streams, ponds, and rice paddies (Chailertri et al 2014, Strugeon 2001). B. splendens have a special organ above their gills, the labyrinth, that help them breathe. The labyrinth acts as an internal air reservoir which enables them to obtain oxygen right into their blood stream (Monvises et al. 2009). Wild B. splendens are not known to be colorful, in fact they are a duller color of brown or red. Both wild and bred B. splendens use their coloration to attract their mates (Strugeon 2001). When it comes time to mate, male B. splendens create bubble nests where they store their fertilized eggs. After selecting a mate, female Betta fish lay their eggs which the male Betta fish capture with their mouths and take to their nests. The male Betta fish shows aggression to defend and protect the eggs (Jaroensutasinee and Jaroensutasinee 2001, Todd et al. 2008). Male B. splendens are known to show high levels of aggression towards each other to not only protect eggs or offspring, but to also claim territory (Herbs et al. 2002). B. splendens may display their aggression through fin flare, biting, broadside display and more.
Although we do not exactly know why varied species of B. splendens show different activity level and aggression, genetics may play an important role in aggressive behaviors. An experiment conducted on deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus sonoriensis) showed that indirect genetic effect (IGE) play a significant role in setting the evolutionary potential for aggression (Wilson et al. 2009). Out of the five traits they studied, there was support for the presence of IGEs in three of the traits. They estimated that correlations between direct and indirect genetic effects were high. This means that aggression in the mice was a result of both evolutionary and a social environment reasons. (Wilson et al. 2009). In conclusion, the results showed that IGEs play a significant role in setting the evolutionary potential for aggression in this experimental system. The objective of this experiment was to compare and observe the activity and aggression levels of two varieties of B. splendens at Hope College Holland, Michigan. Therefore, we the evaluated the two varaities of B. splendens for differences in activity and aggression level.
Activity and aggression levels of male halfmoon double tail and veiltail Betta splendens were analyzed at Hope College, Holland Michigan on November 14, 2017 and November 16, 2017 by Biology 107 students. The Betta splendens were purchased a minimum of 3 days prior to the experiment from a local pet store in Holland Michigan. They were placed inside a 20-gallon tank that was divided into two equal sections and one fish was placed in each section. On...

Other Essays On Comparison of the activity and aggressive levels of two varieties of Betta splendens - bio - research paper

List the impacts of changing sea levels and climate on Australia

556 words - 3 pages sheets and glaciers, and sea levels gradually rose to their present levels. Australia took on its present shape and became isolated, with Tasmania and New Guinea cut off from the mainland. Some of the lower valleys were drowned, making one harbours such as Sydney Harbour. As the sea level rose, other valleys ®lled with alluvium, forming the typical lowland valleys around the Australian coast. Higher temperatures meant changes in climate, and

Effect of Temperature on Enzyme Activity - AP biology - Research Lab

898 words - 4 pages forceps to pick up a circle of filter paper and dip it carefully in your first temperature of solution. 8. Dip the wet filter paper into row one place one of the microplate. 9. Immediately after this, begin timing to see how long it takes the filter paper to rise to the surface. 10. Leave the filter paper disk in the solution to indicate completion. 11. Once this has been achieved, record the timing. 12. Repeat steps 7-11 for the other two

Battle Of The Books: Ethan Frome Vs. Of Mice And Men Research Paper Between These Two Books Of Which Book Is Better

1606 words - 7 pages Battle of the Books: Ethan Frome vs. Of Mice and MenMany novels are meant to be enjoyed by the reader as they are read. Some novels may relate to everyday relationships, while others may relate to society in general. Two authors that deal with these topics are Edith Wharton and John Steinbeck. Edith Wharton born Edith Newbold Jones to a wealthy family in New York combined her insider's view of America's privileged classes with a brilliant

Comparison of Harper Lee and Go Set A Watchman - English - Research Paper

1613 words - 7 pages The Comparison of Harper Lee and Go Set A Watchman Harper Lee was a girl who lived in Alabama, and she wanted to become a writer. She grew up when segregation was bad, and that affected the way that she wrote. Harper Lee based most of the main characters in her books about her family, and friends, and events that happened during her lifetime. Harper lee was 28 when the Civil Rights Movement started. It influenced her writing. The book Go Set A

Joan Of Arc Bio

424 words - 2 pages Joan of Arc"Defender of France"Joan was born in 1412 in Domremy a small villige in northern France. As a daughter of a farmer she herded cattle and sheep. Joan never went to school so she did not learn how to read or write. Joan also was a very religious girl going to church and praying to statues. Joan started to hear vocies of St Cathrine,St Michaels,and St Margaret. Joan believed that they told her to drive the English from Orleans and out of

Compare the U.S. Constitution, Declaration Of Independence, and Thomas Jefferson Letters - Liberty University/ GOVT200 - Comparison Paper

1116 words - 5 pages Comparison Paper Takareathia Rose GOVT200, L30374945 America has built its foundation off of a few founding documents, which include The Declaration of Independence, The Constitution, and was supported by Thomas Jefferson Letters to the Danbury Baptist in 1802. These documents were intended to set a foundation for the lifestyle that will be enforced throughout the population. However, these documents differ in many ways such as goals, content

Comparison Of Catholicism And Islam

2413 words - 10 pages Peter was the first Catholic Bishop of Rome known as the pope today.The comparison between Catholicism and Islam seems initially promising. Both traditions are monotheistic, with bases in sacred texts. Both have strong traditions of missionary activity and evangelization, and both are prominent political actors in a variety of national and regional contexts. The differences may also be illuminating; Catholicism represents the interests of an

Assignment paper on the character and descriptive study on the movie Tales Tales of Two cities - History Grade 11 - Assignment

1001 words - 5 pages Tale of Two Cities (1950) Characters Charles Darnay​ - A French aristocrat by birth, Darnay chooses to live in England because he cannot bear to be associated with the cruel injustices of the French social system. Darnay displays great virtue in his rejection of the snobbish and cruel values of his uncle, the Marquis Evrémonde. He exhibits an admirable honesty in his decision to reveal to Doctor Manette his true identity as a member of the

What impression are we given of Hamlet in he first two acts - PHSG - research paper

606 words - 3 pages dead father justice compared to his doubtful thinking within scene two gives an impression of cowardice. In scene two, the impression of Hamlet’s insecurity and depression is gained by his critical depiction of himself. Hamlet compares himself to an actor whom he admires with his apparent ability to reduce an audience to tears. In this comparison he considers himself inferior and unworthy, his self-loathing provides an insight towards his loose

Monocytes and macrophages with the stucture of atoms - Tati fifi - Bio App

1279 words - 6 pages Worksheet 11 - Electronic Structure of Atoms The Schroedinger equation defines wave equations which describe the distribution of electrons around the nucleus. The wave functions that satisfy the Schroedinger equation are called atomic orbitals. They define the allowed energy states of the electrons. The energy levels are described by three quantum numbers, n, l and ml. n is the principal quantum number and has values of 1, 2, 3, ... The value

Comparison of "The Odyssey" and "O' Brother Where Art Thou"

427 words - 2 pages seer ________. In O Brother, Ulysses and his buddies meet the blind African-American railcar operator that tells them they will see a cow on a roof and tells him of the floodIn The Odyssey, Odysseus encounters the Lotus Eaters and there seducing plant. In O' Brother, Ulysses doesn't give in to the singing church people. In Homer, the singing women bathing on the rocks try to seduce Odysseus, but he doesn't go to them. In O' Brother Ulysses is

Similar Papers

Levels Of Planning Essay

1770 words - 8 pages , opportunities, threats and trends. In order for Wells Fargo to remain competitive in today's market place we must focus on our strengths, weaknesses, opportunities threats and trends. "A comparison of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats normally is referred to as a SWOT analysis. SWOT analysis helps executives summarize the major facts and forecasts derived from the external and internal analyses," (Bateman & Snell, 2004).The weaknesses

Comparison Paper Between The Declaration Of Independence And The Constitution Gov 200 Comparison Paper

721 words - 3 pages Comparison Paper Michael Gordon GOVT 200- C01 The United State Constitution, The Declaration of Independence, and Thomas Jefferson’s Letter to the Danbury Baptists are altogether different in their expectations. The Declaration of Independence was the first of the three documents. It was just a proclamation to the World, mainly Britain, that these colonies were coming together as one and forming a new government completely separated from

Describe The Concept Of Six Sigma And The Levels Hsm Essay

1943 words - 8 pages Quality Management in Healthcare Keiser University Describe the concept of Six Sigma and the levels How will this impact the TQM/CQI process in the U.S. Healthcare system if adopted? HSM 691 Nina Doleyres, DHSc, MPH Jorge L. Miranda According (Johnson & Sollecito, 2013), Six Sigma It is a concept of quality that was announced in the years 80 and nowadays it is widely accepted in the business world. It is mainly based on the results obtained from

Catcher In The Rye And Lord Of The Flies Comparison English Class/ North Atlanta Essay Comparing Two Book

590 words - 3 pages Catcher in the Rye and Lord of the Flies are two very interesting books that tie in to each other in a very ironic way. The Loss of innocence is the main reason that these two books tie into each other. It is ironic because in Catcher in the Rye, Holden, tries to preserve innocence, while in Lord of the Flies, the boys lose their innocence. The “Catcher in the Rye” phrase symbolizes that Holden is standing on a cliff trying to make sure the kids