Conservative Dominance 1951 1964 Sheldon History Essay

937 words - 4 pages

The Labour Party was out of power in the years 1951-64 not because of Conservative strengths but because of Labour’s mistakes and internal divisions. Assess the validity of this view.
Between the years 1951 and 1964, the Conservative party saw a period of political dominance while Labour experienced a period which has become known as their ‘wilderness years’. This can partly be blamed on Labour’s mistakes and divisions within the party as this led to dissatisfaction within the electorate. However, other factors such as the role of key personalities, Conservative strengths and rising affluence were also responsible for Labour’s failure to win elections in the period.
Labour Disunity was a major cause for the party being out of power in the years 1951 to 1964 as it was the start of increasing dissatisfaction with the party. The party was split during the 1950s due to the formation of two groups, the Bevanites and Gaitskellites who disagreed over key policies including defence spending and the development of nuclear weapons as well as relationships with trade unions. This split seriously harmed the effectiveness of the party’s opposition to the Conservatives in the 1950s. The creation of the hydrogen bomb in 1957 prompted the formation of the CND in 1958. Many left wingers in the Labour party joined them which turned some voters away from Labour before the election in 1959. The party leader, Gaitskell, also suffered defeats at party conferences over the issue. By presenting Labour as a divided party, this caused a loss in confidence within their supporters and they saw a drop in the number of seats won within the three elections in the period, from 295 in 1951 to 258 in 1959.
Conservative strengths in the years 1955 to 1963 were also very important in allowing their thirteen years of dominance. The period saw a rise in affluence following the austerity during World War Two, which was one of the main causes for the party’s continued success. Throughout their period of dominance there was full employment, rising living standards and a successful welfare state, which were all things that Labour claimed were unachievable under a capitalist government and so made the party seem out of touch and unable to adapt to the changing society. After ending rationing in 1954, Britain became a consumer society, with huge rises in the purchase of consumer goods such as cars (between 1950 and 1965, sales of cars rose by 4 million) and televisions (between 1957 and 1959 the number of households owning a television rose by 32%). Combined with rising wages, from £8.30 in in 1951 to £15.35 in 1961, most people in Britain felt more affluent and were hesitant to switch parties when they were comfortable. However, it can be argued that this rise in prosperity can be attributed to simply a post-war by-product rather than due to successful policy maki...

RELATED

Political dominance of the Republican party 1865-1912 - Durham Sixth Form Centre, A Level History - Essay

1339 words - 6 pages “The political dominance of the Republican party was due to the internal divisions of its opponents 1865-1912” Assess the validity of this view. In the years 1865-1912, the political dominance of the Republican was partly due to the internal divisions of the Democrat party at this time. These internal divisions were caused by the weaknesses of President Cleveland and the rise of Populism splitting the party. However, there were other factors

Was the American Revolution a Conservative Movement? - COC and history - essay

710 words - 3 pages Form YS-1 Effective 8/30/2017 LOS ANGELES COMMUNITY COLLEGE DISTRICT SUPPLEMENTAL APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION OF STUDENTS IN GRADES K-12 ADMISSION: Colleges in the Los Angeles Community College District (“LACCD”) may admit as a special part-time or full-time student anyone who is a student in grades K-12 who has met the LACCD’s admissions requirements and who, in the opinion of the College President (or designee), may benefit from instruction

Essay On Marked Theory

615 words - 3 pages Free their actions and appearances leave them unmarked, men are not subject to character interpretation, as women are.In her essay, Tannen analyzes how the different styles of three women illustrate the decisions women must make, according to how they want to be "marked" or viewed upon.She reported the first woman as being a fairly conservative, professional type with little glamour. The second as more the mother type. And the third as the type all

Assignment On From Welfare To Workfare

2700 words - 11 pages From Welfare to WorkfareTABLE OF CONTENTSTHE ORIGINS OF WORKFARE 1THE BASICS OF WORKFARE . 2PC POLICY DIRECTION OF WORKFARE 2WHY? A CONSERVATIVE POINT OF VIEW 4WHY NOT? AN OPPOSITION'S POINT OF VIEW 6CONCLUSION 8WORKS CITEDTHE ORIGINS OF 'WORKFARE'There's an old joke that goes something like... Where do you hide a welfare recipient's cheque, where he'll never find it? Under his work boots. When Mike Harris was campaigning for the Progressive

dbq revolutions about different wars - us history - essay

1140 words - 5 pages . Then, read the directions for Part B and write your essay. Historical Context: The idea of revolution spread worldwide during the first global age. Task: Using information from the documents and your knowledge of global history and geography, write an essay in which you discuss the political, economic, and social conditions that led to political revolutions in the first global age. PART A: SHORT ANSWER Document #1      "Simón Bolívar sent a joyous

Brown v.s Board of Education Background Information - English9 - Expository Essay

668 words - 3 pages Institute” “Combined Brown Cases, 1951-54.” Brown Case - Brown v. Board | Brown Foundation Davis v. County School Board.” National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, 28 June 2017 Linda Brown, key figure in US schooldesegregation and civil rights, dies at 75." Independent [London, England], 28 Mar. 2018, p. 13. World History In Context, Accessed 16 Apr. 2018. “Linda Brown.” Biography.com, A&E NetworksTelevision, 27 Mar. 2018

How far did Fascist Italy succeed in realising its totalitarian ambitions (15.04.2018).docx - Leaving Certificate/undergraduate - Italian history, Mussolini, fascism

4664 words - 19 pages publicly justified and legitimised itself as totalitarian. This essay will examine the totalitarian ambitions of Fascist Italy. It will show that rather than create a fully totalitarian state what Mussolini succeeded in creating was an authoritarian state. What he succeeded in doing was building a personality cult based on charismatic leadership. He did not succeed in building a totalitarian state with a strong doctrine. By aiming in practice to

Britain's decline - 20th Century history - uni - essay

1717 words - 7 pages What were the main contributors to the death of Christianity in the 1960s? “The changes of the 1960s were a rupture as profound as that brought about by the reformation” (Professor Hugh Mcleod, University of Birmingham) . The 1960s was a 1 tumultuous decade in world history, where traditionally accepted ideas, norms and beliefs were largely overturned and replaced by a more ‘modern-day’ approach to the world. The area of religion proved to be no

Frankenstein: How there are more similarities than differences between Frankenstein and the creature - Valley Christian High School - English - Essay

933 words - 4 pages Alexa Neal Visual Art Conservatory 25 February 2018 Art Museum Visit Essay For my art gallery/museum visit assignment, I wanted to travel to someplace that was one of a kind, and not just any average exhibit, which is usually comprised of similar art styles in a more classical era. So, after much deliberation and scrolling through various museums near my house, I decided on The San Francisco Museum of Modern Art(MOMA), one of the largest museums

Question: Do Electoral Systems Effect The Type And Form Of Government Resultant From The Election? Contrasting France And England

2172 words - 9 pages members running and they received 36%, 32% and 30% of the vote respectively, even though two-thirds of voters voted against candidate A, he/she wins the seat. This tends to result in an exaggeration of the public will. In 1951 the British Conservative party won 325 seats with a 48.0% share of the total vote . The labour party had a slightly higher share of 48.8% but only won 291 seats in Westminster . In this system minority parties must pay great

A project on the Lebanese Pound, with its history and future - UAH, FIN 454 - Informative

1273 words - 6 pages .   •   Did  the  currency  appreciate  or  depreciate  during  that  period?     •   What  are  the  reasons  causing  the  appreciation/depreciation  of  the  currency?  If  there’s   any.  Or  why  isn’t  any  appreciation/depreciation.     •   Prediction  on  the  currency  for  the  future.   •   How  to  protect  your  interest  if  invested  in  Lebanon.     History:     Before  the  First  World  War,  Lebanon  and  Syria  were  part  of  the

Art: Female Nude throughout History - Year 10 - Essay

1627 words - 7 pages Introduction Throughout art history, different artists’ such as Tiziano Vecelli (Titian), Édouard Manet, Yasumasa Morimura or a group of artists such as Guerrilla Girls created female nudes laden down with much symbolism, values and beliefs of the culture that has produced it, which either appealed to the norm of their time period and society, or provoked arguments and disapproval. Often these cultural values are upheld in the image of the nude

Mercantilist Economic Theory And Policy, Interconnected With Wider Political Issues

1016 words - 5 pages , which extended the reach of the policy by requiring all colonial exports to Europe be landed at an English port before redistribution to the rest of Europe.Unboubtably these policies caused a great deal of friction between rival European states each fighting tooth and nail for both survival and dominance. Not surprisingly, military conflicts became more frequent and extensive than history had ever witnessed. For England and France this would

The Return of Yellow Journalism - Spokane Community College, English 102 - Causal Essay

910 words - 4 pages Wardell Henderson Amie Schaumberg English 102 October 5, 2018 Causal Essay (Draft) Why has trust in law enforcement decreased among America’s citizens of color? America has had a long, painful and hidden history of police brutality. America's first police and law enforcement officials were slave catchers, which had no police training or instruction what so ever, just unscrupulous individuals that made a living hunting down slaves who were only

American Hegemony: Good or Bad? - Advanced United States History - Essay

970 words - 4 pages Ethan Ng Mr. Weis Adv. US History Research Paper April 11th, 2019 To what extent has American hegemony been good for the world in the post-World War era? In the history of the world, there has never been a country as powerful as the United States. While never officially establishing a true empire like its British counterparts, since the dawn of the 20th century, the United States has entrenched itself deeper and deeper into foreign affairs, and