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Creating Law: Philosophers Of Law Essay

2129 words - 9 pages

Aristotle is known as one of the most influential philosophers of all time. Many believe Aristotle laid the foundation of "ancient philosophy" (Wikipedia). The great philosopher lived from 384 BC to March 7, 322 BC and throughout his lifetime he made philosophical breakthroughs that opened minds to a new way of thinking (Greek Philosophers). He was born in a town in northern Greece called Stagira and this is where his prophecies began. Proxenus, his guardian, sent Aristotle to Athens, know as "the intellectual center of the world" at the age of seventeen to further and complete his education (The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy). There he met Plato, whom was his greatest influence. ...view middle of the document...

The events of 1642 "revitalized Hobbes's political interests" due to the English Civil War (Wikipedia). The civil war influenced him, as did other events in his life which led to his political theories. This is where he developed his ideals of law and how he incorporated those into his daily life. Many believe that Hobbes began his philosophical discoveries and research in the late 1630's. (Tuck; Hobbes, A Very Short Introduction). Hobbes believed in human made law rather than natural law, he thought of human made law to be of more importance. Thomas Hobbes believed "security and perseverance of peace" were the foundations of political and social justice (Blair 2004). To attain political and social justice, T. Hobbes also believed in a higher authority, a superior power, for example a sovereign or ruler to legislate life (Wikipedia). He believed that citizens had a need for government to regulate their lives. As reflected in Leviathan, Hobbes believed without a superior power, people of a country would be uncivilized and inhumane. Hobbes clearly outlined that, justice, in his eyes was largely based on citizen's obedience to law and breaking that binding contract was the true injustice (Blair 2004). According to Hobbes, citizens made a commitment a promise, an unsaid contract with the government or ruler in which they would "surrender the right to govern themselves to the ruling power" and therefore could not claim the right to have power or control over that ruler (Blair 2004). Hobbes passed on December 3, 1679; he was ninety-one years of age.As a philosopher of today, Avram Noam Chomsky was highly influenced by his professors. Chomsky was born and raised in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Wikipedia). Noam Chomsky was the son of William Chomsky. At the age of eight, Chomsky began reading Hebrew literature which he later taught classes in. In 1945 Noam Chomsky studied philosophy and linguistics at university of Pennsylvania. He was there greatly influenced by his professor of philosophy, Zellig Harris (Wikipedia). Chomsky joined the staff of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1955 and in 1961 was appointed full professor in the Department of Modern Languages and Linguistics. At this time Chomsky became highly involved in public politics. Noam Chomsky opposed the Vietnam War and became a leading opponent during this time ( Wikipedia). The University of Pennsylvania granted the philosopher his Ph.D in 1955 in lingusitics (Wikipedia) .Avram N.Chomsky is known as a modern philosopher believing in the tradition of anarchism. He is known as an American political activist (Wikipedia). Chomsky is an anti-republican conservative philosopher who belief is that "rulership is unnecessary" (Wikipedia). Noam Chomsky belives that law serves those in power and an "elite" class of society and hence have the greater influence toward law as the media ( Blair 2004). Chomsky reflects these believes through various books and magazines today.All three...

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