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Creation, Evolution And Intervention Essay

1765 words - 8 pages

Creation, Evolution and Intervention:Which Theory is Correct?For: Mrs. Talbot bbClass: Socioledgy88Date Due: Oct. 9/96By: Neel Ghelani89Creation, Evolution and Intervention:Which Theory is CorrectFor many years, it has been widely debated how modern man came about. In this essay, I will explain the ideas of the three main theories: Evolution, Creation, and Intervention. I will also discuss which theory I believe and why it is that I believe it.EvolutionEvolution, in biology, is the complex process by which organisms which originated on earth change because of changes in their environment and their function on earth. The earliest fossils ever discovered are from single celled organisms which ...view middle of the document...

Lamarck argued that physical and mental changes occurred from animal adaptations to different environments. Once the animal changed, Lamarck believed that the changes would be passed on to the offspring through genes. Unfortunately this theory was never really scientifically tested.Charles Darwin successfully explained the evolutionary process , with his famous book On The Origins of a Species by Means of Natural Selection. In this book, Darwin stated that, in the environment organisms who have better qualities such as being faster or trail scenting are more fit to survive. Consequently they are able to take the vital ingredients required by unfit organisms such as living space and food. Eventually, they kill off the unfit and unadapted. This theory is best known as, survival of the fittest, and can be summarized in the following statement. When environmental conditions change populations must change in order to be fit and thus survive.Understanding the evolutionary process depends a great deal upon the interpretations of the fossil record, which many consider to be incomplete because many fossils can not be found. For this reason, there are many different views about what the fossil record states. One fact that puts doubt in the evolution theory is that when a fossil appears in the fossil record it does so very abruptly, and then stays their for several years. The fossil usually does not show the gradual changes that take place in the evolution of species. For this reason, Jay Gould of Harvard university developed a 'punctured equilibrium' theory stating that the changes do occur rather quicker than some believe.Creation'The notion of creation is defined as the production of an existing thing out of no preexisting material'.(Dickey 237) In the bible and in other comparable ancient literature, creation is a theme used to explain how human beings came to earth. In the bible and most other creation stories from ancient religions, the universe is said to be a great mess in which order was introduced by a God. In the bible, it states that the creator cleaned up the world and organized everything such as the stars and the day from night. In many ancient cultures the stories tend to be similar and differ only in terms of places and figures.Other ideas of creation include myths of emergence. According to the bible, earth, all of its species and the universe were created less then 10 000 years ago. The bible also stated this process took place in six days. It states that man was created when god put two humans onto the earth, Adam and Eve. The bible said that from these two people came the entire worlds population today. People who believe the bible creation story word for word are called fundamentalists.In the 1700s, James Usher disturbed many traditionalists with his theory that the earth was probably more then ten thousand years old. What disturbed the creation theory even more was Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. This theory states that living...

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