Crim 133 Paper For Notes That Are From Ubc And Not Shared By Anyone Ubc Research Paper

890 words - 4 pages

Crim 103 – Lecture 2: Developmental Risk Factors
The Developmental Pathway
· Contains
· Risk factors
· Protective factors
· We want to intervene on negative pathways
Social Risk Factors
· Poverty
· Association with delinquent peers
· Peer rejection
· Negative preschool experiences
· Low-quality after-school care
· Academic failure
Poverty
· Connected to persistent, violent offending
· and victimization
· Relationship is complex
· Poverty association with other risk factors
Poverty Influences Parent Behavior
· Adds additional stressors
· Parents working 2 jobs
· May reduce nurturing and consistent parenting
· Aggressive discipline
Association with Delinquent Peers
· Peers influence social/emotional development
· Delinquency predicted by delinquency of friends
· Act in groups
3 Perspectives on Influence of Peers
· Direct result of assoc. with deviant peers
· Deviant youths seek similar peers
· Deviant youths drawn to deviant peers; amplifies already existing tendencies
Peer Rejection
· Peer acceptance important for social/psych development
· Dodge & Petit (2003):
· Children rejected for 2+ years by gr. 2
· In adolescent, 50% antisocial vs. 9% for non-neglected children
Risk Factors for Peer Rejection
· Low quality parent-child relationship
· Low quality parent-parent relationship
· Aggressive behavior
· Impulsive & disruptive behavior
· Easily angered
· Lack social & interpersonal skills
· Shy & socially withdrawn
Negative Preschool Experiences
· Low quality child care
· Indirect relationship: children at risk for poor language, cognitive skills, social/emotional level
· High quality preschool programs
· Help protect at-risk children
· Long-term benefits
Low Quality After-School Care
· Including unsupervised after-school care
· After-school programs range widely in benefits
· Some have negative effects
Academic Failure
· Early school failure (e.g., Loeber 1998) = double rate of delinquency
· 75% of state prison inmates did not complete high school (Harlow 2003)
· Reading achievement particularly important
· Lack of bonding to school; truancy
Parental and Family Risk Factors
· Single-parent households
· Parental styles & practices
· Lax parental monitoring
· Sibling relationships
· Parental psychopathology
Single-Parent Households
· Related to delinquency
· Most important = stable, secure, supportive home environment
· Positive effects of parent-child relationship in 2-parent family are stronger
Parental Practices and Styles
· Parental practices: Strategies to affect particular aspect of child
· Parental attitudes: Attitudes towards child; emotional climate
· E.g., gestures, expressions
Disciplinary Techniques
· Hoffman (1997): Categorized content, style, consistency
· Power assertion
· Love withdrawal
· Induction
· Power assertion most closely associated with delinquency
Baumrind’s 4 Parenting Styles
· Authoritarian
· Permissive
· Neglecting
· Authoritative
Parental Monitoring
· Awareness of child’s friends, activities, whereabouts
· Strong...

Other Essays On Crim 133 Paper for notes that are from UBC and not shared by anyone - UBC - Research Paper

Extended Definition Of Death And The Benifits To Society That Are Not Commonly Discussed

1115 words - 5 pages of death as a new beginning is personal gains. All popular religions believe in some form of life after death. Most believe in heaven, or some form of eternal happinessand well-being. For example, when a Protestant dies, they are judged by their God and sent to heaven or hell depending on their actions in life. Under this belief, death is not something to fear unless one is unsure of their worldly actions or their religious convictions. In such a

Sample rhetorical analysis of King letter from a Birmingham Jail - UBC - Assignment

2226 words - 9 pages say, fails to express a similar concern for the conditions that brought about the demonstrations. I am sure that none of you would want to rest content with the superficial kind of social analysis that deals merely with effects and does not grapple with underlying causes. It is unfortunate that demonstrations are taking place in Birmingham, but it is even more unfortunate that the city's white power structure left the Negro community with no

motivational and Emotional notes - AP psychology - Research paper

1869 words - 8 pages – sometimes behavior is pulled by a desire, incentives are stimuli that we are drawn to due to learning Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs – Abraham Maslow pointed out that not all needs are created equal Hunger Motivation – Why do we become hungry Biological Basis – There are several biological factors -Stomach sensation of being full -Hypothalamus, specifically the lateral and ventomedial parts if destroyed or stimulated determine hunger -Set-point

The Essay Is A Research Paper That Arguments A Law In Florida That Prohibits Homosexual Men And Women From Adopting Children

1251 words - 6 pages indications that show that homosexuals are not able parents (48). She continues to say that the results of previous studies conducted in order to favor Florida's position on Gay / Lesbian parenting were later discredited for lack of substantial evidence (qtd. in Ferrero, Frecker, Foster 49). Many of these studies were conducted by Paul Cameron, who was terminated from his responsibilities with the American Psychological Association and the American

Climatologist paper for science - biology - research paper

457 words - 2 pages Australia. There were many things that Wegener could not explain with this theory. For one, he did not know what allowed the continents to drift or move. He wanted to know HOW they moved! Wegener died while on a climatological expedition in Greenland. Scientists and historians marvel at how Wegener used information from climatology, paleontology, and geology to develop his theory. Today, scientists accept parts of the continental drift theory while rejecting other parts. That theory led to the later theory of plate tectonics.

EMT ICS 100 review and notes needed - stony brook university ISM101 - research paper

2308 words - 10 pages such reports and will immediately pass the information to the proper agencies for response. SUSPICIOUS ACTIVITY: Any incident, activity or behavior that you deem to be activity of a suspicious nature should be reported to the NRC by calling 1-877-24-WATCH or 1-800-424-8802. Email reports are not an acceptable method for making suspicious activity reports. Examples of suspicious activity would be: · people appearing to be engaged in surveillance

Affirmative Action: Is it beneficial or not? - Preparatory Academy for Writers - Research Paper

3382 words - 14 pages much more. Most of the students are chosen by admitting the students at the top of every high school class in the state. Mostly students of color admitted under that plan are often from poor families and attended high schools that did not offer an education that could prepare them as well for college. These are the setbacks that do not allow minorities to move forward and set high goals that they know will be achieved. Affirmative action in the

bio notes for grade 10 students who go to ontario high schools - ontario high school - research paper

2201 words - 9 pages and la nina are special wind patterns Anthropogenic - Caused by humans 1. Climate is long term trends while weather is current 2. It drastically changes temperature to the point where places that get more have warmer climates and when one part of the earth gets more sun then the seasons will change 3. Pierre is closer to water which makes it so the climate fluctuates less because waters temperature changes less while toronto is not near water and

Why did America fight for freedom from Great Britain - US HISTory - Research Paper

578 words - 3 pages harsh or unfair laws and the ability to get rich off trading with the French or Spain since the British was neglecting their duties as a Colonizer. After the French and Indian War which was caused by Britain wanting to control expansion into the western territories they acquired war debts of 130,000,000 dollars from fighting the war and using equipment to aid them. This made the British stop the treatment of Salutary Neglect and ensure that the

listening to what we do, not what we say - Culture and Nonverbal Behavior - research paper

1459 words - 6 pages Running head: LISTENING TO WHAT WE DO, NOT WHAT WE SAY LISTENING TO WHAT WE DO, NOT WHAT WE SAY Listening to What We Do, Not what We Say: Culture and Nonverbal Behavior We might be living in a global world but nonverbal communication in different cultures shows such drastic differences that might present the feeling that we are from different planets. No matter where we are, it seems, we must remember that our bodies are always saying something

The 8th Amendment and court cases that support the amendment - Intro to Court - Research Paper

5756 words - 24 pages women should not be tolerated and should be addressed in the judicial system. People of the LGBT community who are sentenced to prison are not only victims of abuse by other inmates but also the prison workers as well. From the New York Daily News, 1,200 gay and transgender inmates reported spending most of their time in solitary confinement. Being isolated for so often can severely effect on a person not only mentally but physically. For the

Similar Papers

White Privilege Does It Still Exist Or Not? Ubc Poli 361 Essay

909 words - 4 pages family again becomes if the woman is fair or not. “White privilege is real and it still exists.” “White people hold the predominance of power in our federal Cabinet, at the national CBC/Radio- Canada, within boardrooms of the largest corporations, the Senates and Boards of Governors of Canadian universities, and so on” (Lund & Carr, 2010). I came from India that completely believes in the ideology of ranked societies where people are valued on the

Research Paper About A Lot Of Things That Are Not Interesting Psychology Eastern Florida State College Research Paper

1049 words - 5 pages hundreds of years. Philosophers like Plato and Descartes stated that behaviors are “inborn”, and nativists believe that humans are nothing but products of evolution whereas empiricists believe that humans are a product of their experiences. (Eman Zaky, 2015 P.2) According to Saul Mcleod (2017), from Nature vs. Nurture in Psychology nature vs. nurture is defined as how much of human personality and behavior is influenced by either “inherited or

Olduvai Gorge The Origin Of Craftsmanship Ubc Arcl 318 Research Paper

3073 words - 13 pages behavior, as the stone has to be rotated and placed in a good position for hammering (see fig.1) (Reti, 2016). The Oldowan behavior “C” is the continuation of “A” and “B”, where the manufacturing process includes bifacial flaking. This means that the core has to be turned, and thus requires extensive understanding of stone behavior. In the Oldowan Behavior “D” the flakes are also produces bi-facially, but they are removed not from the sides but

Rene Descartes Philosophy Paper Ubc Phil 100 Essay

800 words - 4 pages nothing in our ideas is not innate to the mind. He also points out that nothing reaches in the mind through the sense organ from external receptors except corporeal motion. It then seems that the idea of emotions such as pain and figures are innate to us (Gorham, 2002). Descartes advocates for doubting the legitimacy of all senses and proved their existence with certainty by distinguishing the mind and the body. However, his views had led to so many