This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Critical Analysis: Unemployment In The Interwar Years A Study Of Three Extracts Considering Some Of The Problems Of Unemployment

1429 words - 6 pages

When the brief boom after the First World War ended, unemployment began to soar. By the 1930s, there was unprecedented unemployment nationwide, albeit mainly among the Northern working classes. The three extracts examined in this piece shed light on some of the aspects of unemployment, speculate about the causes and suggest some solutions to what has remained one of the most significant issues of the 20th and 21st Centuries.The first extract is taken from George Orwell’s Road to Wigan Pier published in 1937. It examines how the working class had been forced into change and how they adjusted to their situation. Orwell was always a politically motivated writer, but this source does not ...view middle of the document...

..” can be blamed on this supply of, “cheap palliatives”. He questions whether the ruling classes could be responsible for this correlation, or whether it was just an economic pattern that helped avert a revolution.Although Orwell does not dwell on any of his strongest points, or emphasise any particular arguments more than others, it is still a strong piece. The overall genre is similar to a piece of investigative journalism, despite containing a fair amount of speculation and rarely referring to any solid statistics or first hand examples. The Road to Wigan Pier was written while Orwell was in the North, researching, so it could be said that it is based on first hand experiences, however it is important to take his political and personal ideologies into consideration.The second and third extracts differ in their views about the ‘spirit’ of the unemployed. The second piece is taken from The Town that was Murdered by Ellen Wilkinson, a labour MP and well-known author. It is a case study on a single town near Middlesborough; Jarrow, and the schemes that have been set up to tackle unemployment there. Written at a similar time to Orwell’s, Wilkinson goes into a great deal of detail about the introduction of various clubs where the unemployed men could spend their time and ‘remain productive’. She also notes the effect that these have on the lives of these men. The piece helps to add some perspective and demonstrate the meagre effect of these much publicised schemes. Her strongest point is combating the perception of the unemployed townspeople’s ungratefulness, and she quotes a townsman in the final paragraph;“And as for being grateful for what is done for us – why shouldwe be? We are willing to work for what we get.”This goes a long way to enforcing Orwell’s point that unemployment was something that couldn’t be avoided for these men, and they knew it. Whereas before, these men would have been ashamed to be the one breaking the long line of working men in their family, now they know they are only in a position to make do with what they can get – it is out of their hands.Despite the school ‘text-book’ style of the extract, it touches on some of the major issues surrounding unemployment and supports the theory that in the final years before WWII, it had become an everyday part of life for many. This produced a glum air of acceptance about unemployment in these industry-dominated towns and undoubtedly a feeling of resentment was beginning to manifest in these men; their independence brought into question (literally) by projects like the Welfare Committee.The issue of resentment is also handled in the third extract, written by Wal Hannington in Unemployed Struggles 1919-1936. The author is clearly sceptical about the unavoidability of unemployment and he starts by challenging the popular belief that benefits for the unemployed had increased dramatically. He quickly...

Other Essays On Critical Analysis: Unemployment In The Interwar Years A Study Of Three Extracts Considering Some Of The Problems Of Unemployment

The Danger Of Not Aligning The Three Domains In Change

3807 words - 16 pages The Danger of Not Aligning The Three Domains in ChangeIntroductionOrganizations today face major, discontinuous change that makes strategic management more difficult and complex than ever. Making a change program effective and breaking the status quo to reach a desired status cannot rely on customary managerial habits or intuitive management philosophies.The essay will use a failure change case of making divisional restructure by adding new team

The United States Foreign Policy Of Neutrality In The Early Years Of The Country

475 words - 2 pages impartiality was the best course, thereby keeping out of the war on the whole.When he departed office in 1796 after serving two terms as president, Washington gave a farewell address overflowing with advice and cautions to the young nation. While he also warned against the divisive problems of political parties, it was his call for neutrality and avoiding alliances that set the course of US foreign policy.Washington warned the nation to stay away of

Critical Reaction To Marquez's One Hundred Years Of Solitude

958 words - 4 pages One Hundred Years of Solitude, by Gabriel Garcia Marquez, chronicles the rise and fall of the Buendia family in the fabled town of Macondo. Over the span of a century, Macondo and the Buendias, faced many triumphs and tragedies that lead to their downfall. The patriarch, Jose Arcadio Buendia, founded the town of Macondo while escaping a violent past. However, unknowingly, he brought his anguish, violence and personal despair to the town. Through

A Critical Analysis Of Modern Litterature In" Bright Lights, Big City" By Jay McInerney

942 words - 4 pages The novel Bright Lights, Big City by Jay McInerney relates the tale of a young manworking for a prominent newspaper in Manhattan by day, while visiting many bars andnightclubs during the night. He manages to accomplish this through the help of his use ofcocaine, to which he is powerfully addicted. Throughout the novel McInerney employs theuse of the Coma Baby, a current story in the New York Post, a local tabloid, as a symbolicrepresentation of

Sylvia Plath. An Analysis Of Some Poems

2686 words - 11 pages Sylvia Plath1932-1963, Boston, MASylvia Plath was born on October 27, 1932, in Boston, Massachusetts. Her mother was Aurelia Schober, and her father was Otto Plath. He was a professor at Boston University, where he taught both German and biology, with a focus on the study of bees.In 1940, when Plath was eight years old, her father died as a result of complications from diabetes. He had been a strict father, and both his authoritarian attitudes

A Historical Analysis On The Study Of Optics From Pre-Socratic Times Through The Age Of Newton. By Adam R

4219 words - 17 pages classical natural philosophers' was optics, or the study of light and vision. The word "optics" is derived from the Greek word for eye, "ops". We know that the ancient Greeks were studying optics over two thousand years ago, and that they spent a good deal of effort in trying to understand this faculty. The natural philosophers of this era found a great interest in optics due to the fields inherent properties. Light, as viewed by the ancient

A Critical Analysis of King Lear's Daughter's Attraction to Edmund

535 words - 3 pages A Critical Analysis of King Lear's Daughters'Attraction to Edmund Shakespeare' King Lear is a story of treachery and deceit. The villainy of the play knows no bounds. Family lines are ignored in an overwhelming quest for power. This villainy is epitomized in the character of Edmund, bastard son of the Earl of Gloucester. Edmund is displayed as a " most toad-spotted traitor." When we first see Edmund, he is already knee deep in treachery. His

Describes In Simple Terms The Problems Facing The Ozone Layer, Including The Problem Of CPC's And The Emergence Of A "Hole"---Includes Bibliography

2318 words - 10 pages , the matter of a "hole" in this protective layer tends to be highly disputed. To understand where their argument originates, one must first have some knowledge of the history of the problem. In 1970, chemist Harold Johnston made a prediction that exhaust from supersonic jet fighters, full of nitrogen, could be thinning the ozone layer. Later, in 1974, Mario Molina and Sherwood Rowland jointly published an article in which they hypothesized that

        To Some Many Of The Characters Of 1984 May Have

707 words - 3 pages To some many of the characters of 1984 may have seemed ?unnecessary.? When you really put thought to it and actually look into the book, none of the characters seem to be of any lesser value. All are important assets to 1984, and they all are tied in very well.The characters of lesser value really don?t exist. All add to the book quite clearly and make it flow. Parsons and his family are a prime example. Parsons wife would always ask for Winston

The three Branches of US Government

508 words - 3 pages as it does now. An example of check and balances would be like this , the President can veto bills approved by Congress and the President nominates individuals to serve in the Federal judiciary; the Supreme Court can declare a law enacted by Congress or an action by the President unconstitutional; and Congress can impeach the President and Federal court justices and judges. So that would be a form of which the Constitution's three branches work

Billy Collins, Analysis Of His Poems. Shoveling Snow With Buddha, Victoria's Secret, And I Chop Some Parsley While Listening To Art Blakey's Version Of "Three Blind Mice"

3312 words - 14 pages needs a source of motivation no matter how much he wants to help. Playing cards is Buddha’s source of motivation in this poem.In the first reading of “ I Chop Some Parsley While Listening to Art Blakey's Version of “Three Blind Mice” ” the narrator is chopping vegetables while listening to some music. When the song “ Three Blind Mice ” comes on he goes into a daydream about how the mice went blind, how they

Similar Papers

The Great Gatsby A Critical Analysis Of The Great Gatsby

2704 words - 11 pages ] limit and deprivation" (Bewley 38). Higher and higher the summit of its ideals climb, until surely and eventually the mountain becomes insurmountable for mortal man."What has happened before will happen again. What has been done before will be done again" (Ecclesiastes 1:9). Such is Gatsby's battle cry as he marches off on a mission to re-discover, or rather to re-implant, the passion he found years earlier in the person of Daisy: " 'Can't repeat

Unemployment In Australia Essay

1624 words - 7 pages unemployment is a major problem in Australia. In March 2002, 24.7 per cent of unemployed people had been without work for a year or more; of this group, 57.2 per cent had been unemployed for over two years. It is estimated that one in five poor Australians are in paid work but are still almost unable to support themselves, and are known as--the 'working poor'. Many people in Australia also get trapped in the cycle of insecure low-paid casual jobs

Year 11 Economic Analysis Of China And Australia, Including Economic Growth, Employment And Unemployment, Quality Of Life And Role Of Government

2267 words - 10 pages Economic Growth.China.China is classed by the World Bank as a lower middle-income country. China's real GDP grew at a rate of 9.1% in 2003, up from 8.0% in 2002, meaning that even economic growth is increasing rapidly in China. China's GDP growth rate is even faster than the US, and has enjoyed some double-digit growth rate since it has opened to economic reform.This rapid growth had brought opportunities and challenges - both for China and for

A Critical Analysis Of A Review Of The Film 'i Am Sam'

636 words - 3 pages disappointedly cynical and seems to only pick on the film's weaknesses, I cannot help but strongly disagree with almost entirely all his claims, the critic did not seem to backup his claims but instead relying to convince his audience solely on his opinion. However, in the perspective of a viewer who did not study the film, his review seemed persuasive.