Purpose: Acephate is a general compound that is frequently used as an insecticide on food crops, citrus trees, as seed treatment and in institutional facilities
Properties of Acephate:
· Colourless crystal to white solids, transparent solid and has a strong odor similar to sulfur
· When heated to decomposition, acephate emits toxic fumes to oxides of nitrogen, sulfides and phosphorous
· Decomposes before boiling
· Melting point is 89 degrees and is volatile
· Highly soluble in water and in most organic solvents
· The half-life of acephate ranges from 4.5 to 32 days in soil
Society risks and benefits:
· In humans, Acephate can cause cholinesterase inhibition.
· It can cause the overstimulating of the nervous system resulting in nausea, dizziness and confusion.
· At very high exposure for example through major spills, it can cause respiratory paralysis and even death
· By direct use towards mounds, it is effective in destroying imported fire ants
· Used to control sucking and biting insects through ingestion or direct contact
· Effective in killing insect because Acephate causes the acetylcholine levels to increase and over-excite target nerves, muscles or tissues. Resulting in...