Decision Making Apple Vs Google Newcastle Essay Innovation And Leadership

1531 words - 7 pages

Decision making is the study of identifying and choosing alternatives based on the values and preferences of the decision maker. Making a decision implies that there are alternative choices to be considered, and in such a case we want not only to identify as many of these alternatives as possible, but to choose the one that best fits with our goals, objectives, desires, values, and so on. (Harris 1980). There are two types of decision making, individual and organizational. This article will give a thorough explanation of theories, models and processes of decision making, examine decision making Apple vs Google, and present groupthink phenomenon.
Decision Making Theories
Classical decision making theory based on the orientation of the decision makers, such as, economics or market condition values. According to (March, 1994), a “rational choice” is one which is based on relatively fixed preferences and follows a logic of consequence, by which current actions are dictated by anticipation of the value associated with future outcomes. After finding and gathering info and fact, decision makers are assumed to choose among alternatives by some values (minimizing bad consequence and regret, maximazing profits). However, some critics said individual's rationality is limited by the information they have. Meanwhile, human abilities to absorbed every stimuli that received by empirical experience also limited. So, impossible to implement fully rational process of finding an optimal choice based on information. This classical theory also impossible to implement in organizations, either managers or company executives only have limited time to consider every available information. Besides, this theory presupposes that there is one best outcome. Rational theory thinks that important to consider every option, and its consequences. Meanwhile, due to limited time to make decisions, others several factors such as, company culture. Decision makers shape their decision based on their preferences, not own preferences. Sometimes decision makers ignored their preference and following other advice or tradition.
Contrast with classical decision making theory, administrative or also known as behavioral decision making theory assumed humans as limited formation processes, with neither the inclination nor the ability to make the sort of “consequential” calculations described by a rational choice perspective (Anderson, 1983; Hastie, 1986; Simon, 1979). Behavioral decision theories are much more likely to be concerned with the dynamic processes of how decisions are made, with information search and with strategies for making choices.
There are several assumptions in behavioral decision theories. Firstly, the decision makers need to make the problem simpler and reduce its complexity due to their limited individual abilities, and organizational conditions. The decision makers are bounded by their rationality, so the model of the problems have to be simplified w...


Leadership And Decision Making Style Of George C. Halvorson CEO And President Of Kaiser Permanente

2727 words - 11 pages EXECUTIVE SUMMARYLeadership and decision making style are the most important factors to ensure an effective and efficient organization. The subject of leadership has been under a lot of speculation, while philosophers focus on the determinants of leadership effectiveness. There are so many theories, styles and opinions that are associated with effective leadership. The specifics of what makes a leader effective is hard to pinpoint, however one

Decision Diary Thinking and Decision Making - Thinking and Decision Making - Essay

1016 words - 5 pages Chloe Fan – cnf2108 Thinking and Decision Making Professor Fox-Glassman Wednesday, March 21, 2018 Decision Diary 1a. Over spring break, I was introduced to a decision that centered around the search for the best Italian food to eat for dinner on the first night of my arrival in Florence. Starving, I immediately began contemplating my choices. Did I want to choose a place that served pizza, pasta, lasagna, or just a platter of assorted Italian

“Is Google Making Us Stupid?” Arguments - English 102 - MLA essay

588 words - 3 pages Free process information, last, new age technology is altering people's ability to focus and think for themselves. Google is not making us stupid, it does, however, make people lazy. The purpose of this paper is to refute Carr’s arguments and prove Google is not making us stupid. To begin, Carr claims that the internet affects human thinking. I claim that the internet does not affect our thinking, it affects our decision to use our thinking. We as human

Decision Making, Planning, And Strategic Planning

925 words - 4 pages AbstractAsk five or ten different people for a definition of strategic planning or decision making or even planning and you will probably receive five or ten different answers. Most agree that strategic planning is a way to identify long-term goals and to direct your company toward fulfilling those goals.Most also will agree that decision making is a cognitive activity involving the interplay of environmental cues and human cognitive processes

"discuss one or more biases in thinking and decision making" - 22 MARKS - DCGS - Psychology Essay

1198 words - 5 pages Hannah Moran 6D1 Discuss one or more biases in thinking and/or decision making. [22] Bias refers to the disproportionate weight in favour of or against one thing. Psychologists have studies a range of cognitive biases in order to determine their roles within thinking and decision making. Cognitive bias specifically is an error in thinking that affects the decisions and judgments that people make. Thinking and decision making are both closely

Research and Decision making for Business - JCU - Literature review

1992 words - 8 pages , & Miniard, 1995 Engel, p. 4). Decision-making, values and motivations of the customers are the key concepts in consumer behavior that are taken into huge consideration for shopping village success. Understanding consumer decision-making is the most principal element of marketing strategy in tourism, which is supported by general assumption on how decisions are made. Swarbrooke and Horner (2004) debated that processes involved in consumer behavior

Publication of Findings Leads to Increased Trust and Rational Decision-Making - University of San Diego/ History of Science - Essay

1473 words - 6 pages Parker 1 Rachel Parker Data-Driven History of Science Professor Nelson May 24, 2017 Publication of Findings Leads to Increased Trust and Rational Decision-Making Scientists have a responsibility to share the implications of their works because an informed and engaged community ultimately leads to sound public decision-making and increases the overall trust in science. If proper publication of all the details of an experiment are not made known

Behavioural Economics and the Effects on Retirement Planning Decision Making - University College Dublin, Behavioural Economics (ECON30270) - Essay

1364 words - 6 pages Free Behavioural Economics (ECON30270) Professor Liam Delaney Behavioural Economics and the Effects on Retirement Planning Decision Making Traditional economic theory suggests that people tend to make decisions by maximizing a utility function in which all of the relevant constraints and preferences are included and weighted appropriately (Levin, 2004). However, behavioural economists often are most interested in exploring how people make decisions

Creativity Innovation and Design Argumentative Essay - RMIT - Essay

2449 words - 10 pages , Jamiu, OO & Ndubuisi, U, 2017, ‘Transformational leadership and Organisational Culture as predictors of Employee Creativity and Innovation in the Nigerian Oil and Gas Services Industry’, Ife Psychology, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 325-349. Khalili, A, 2016, ‘Linking Transformational Leadership, Creativity, Innovation and Innovation-supportive Climate’, Management Decision

Understanding Work and Organisations - Newcastle University, BUS2019 - Essay

2450 words - 10 pages economist. Throughout his lifetime he embarked on many different studies, bureaucracy being his most notable. His theory involved structuring an organisation into a strict hierarchy, with the most powerful and influential people at the top, right down to the workers at the bottom. The organisation was then controlled by clearly well-defined, rational-legal decision-making rules. (Grey 2005) talks in his book of how Weber thought society could be

ceva logistics decision making and how it affects organisational structure - utas , AMC MLM - assignment

2571 words - 11 pages Free in Brazil,31 august2015-CEVA Logistics launched ORION MOBILITY,an application part of the transport management system(TMS) which will enhance the quality of the Brazilian ground transport market by improving TMS visibility of Road trips & providing real-time data to it’s customers, partners and monitoring team. The application is an innovation by Ceva to expedite decision making process and is a differentiating factor in the Brazilian Logistics

Decision-Making And The Impact Of Work-Related Stress On Organizational Behavior

763 words - 4 pages Free Decision MakingWhat is decision-making? Decision-making is a process that has been derived from reasoning. It is a process that uses such methods a brainstorming, benchmarking, mind mapping and flow-charts to reach a decision. Decision-making follows a series of 6-8 steps to identify, evaluate and solve a problem. It also includes a method to evaluate the final decision and measure the impact of that decision.Decision-making is central to human

Critical Thinking And Decision Making. Let It Pour: A Critical Thinking Case Study

1375 words - 6 pages that can used to stop the abuses currently at the hospital. Before the alternatives are put into place, it is important that the decision makers use a systematic approach to problem solving. The first part of the systematic approach is to analyze and state the current problems (McCall, 1990), which was already completed done by Pat, the CEO of Faith Community. The second step in decision-making is to prioritize the problems to be addressed as

Kantian Ethics for Moral Decision Making - Religious Studies A Level - Essay

860 words - 4 pages ‘Kantian Ethics are helpful for moral decision-making in every kind of context.’ Discuss. · Sebastian Kelly, Holiday Work To begin, I believe that Kantian Ethics has more weaknesses than it does strengths when making moral decisions. Whilst treating humans as ends in themselves is a positive notion and encourages the abolition of slavery, I believe that in some circumstances humans have to be treated as means to an end for the majority to

The iPhone Scam; Describing how Apple reels customers in, and keeps them forever. - English - Essay

985 words - 4 pages Free from Apple showing off their brand new iPhone? I can answer that for you, of course you have because they come out with an “all-new platform and design” almost annually. When watching these televised advertisements, you will most likely notice only two things, one being this new iPhone panning around the screen, the other will be the cinematic and dramatic affect they add to the commercial itself, almost resembling an movie trailer. If you look at