Defending Descartes' Cartesian Dualism Intro To Philosophy Essay

1433 words - 6 pages

Adanna Brown
PHIL 1002W-07
Professor Henning
Paper 1
Is the mind a separate and distinct substance from the body?
The above question has been one of philosophical interest for centuries, highlighting what is known as the mind- body problem. This issue explores the extent to which the mind and the body are separate and distinct or the same thing. René Descartes was the first to formulate the mind–body problem in the form that it exists in today through a series of published Meditations in which he argues that the mind can exist outside of the body, and the body cannot think for itself; this notion, famously defended by Descartes, is called Cartesian dualism. Acknowledging that the mind and body, indeed, have different functions, the purpose of this paper is to expound upon and defend Cartesian dualism, as explained by Descartes. This will be done by first explaining Descartes’s standpoint and how he came to create and believe in the idea of dualism; then, the counter arguments of Descartes’s rivals, Gilbert Ryle and Elisabeth of Bohemia, will be evaluated; lastly, in light of the counter arguments, this paper seeks to ultimately explain which of the mind and body take charge over the other and how the two interact if they are, indeed, separate and distinct.
In his second Meditation, Descartes explores the idea of existence, specifically his doubts surrounding it; his radical doubt heavily prompted him to examine the fundamentals of what we think is certain. He asserts that most of one’s knowledge is attained through the senses but anything we learn or infer from these senses can be doubted because all sense perception can be deceived. From this thought line, Descartes concludes that although he can conceive the possibility that his perception of his own body could, in fact, be false, he cannot definitively conceive the possibility that he is without a mind. He argues this is so because of the fact that he is able to doubt to begin with, “I myself did exist since I persuaded myself of something” (Descartes, 1993). Further, even if he was to be deceived into believing that he has senses and a body, he acknowledges that he must be something existing in order to be deceived This portion of Descartes’ claim may be stated more explicitly as follows:
a). I cannot deny that I have doubts
b) My doubts occur due to my thinking
c) Because I cannot deny that I have doubts, I cannot deny that I think
d) If I can think, I must exist
Put simply, Descartes comes to the conclusion known today as cogito- I think therefore I am. The mere fact that one can think at all, Descartes argues, guarantees their existence. This establishes the base of the argument that the mind is separate from the body as the mind is the ‘thinking entity’ that denotes existence even a part from the physical entity of a body.
After establishing his own existence by the Cogito argument, Descartes seeks to expound upon the nature of this ‘self’ that he claims to know with certainty to exi...


Descartes' Impact on Philosophy - PHI101 - Essay

489 words - 2 pages Free Andrew Huang Examined Life Professor Gedney Descartes’ Argument for the existence of God Rene Descartes, known as the father of modern philosophy, was a French thinker who used doubt as a basis for much of his philosophy. To start, he wondered what would actually give him any reason to doubt all of his beliefs. From this, Descartes concluded that an evil demon was tricking him into thinking that all of his beliefs were true when they were not

Rene Descartes Philosophy Paper - UBC phil 100 - Essay

800 words - 4 pages Free Rene Descartes is known to be the father of philosophy and for his famous cogito argument. It is more than 350 years ago ever since Descartes presented this cogito argument. He contemplated on proofing of existence of Gods by distinguishing the mind and the body. He wanted to preserve the church doctrine at the same time encourage scientific matters. He used a strategy of the method of doubt which advocates that one has to start doubting

Why should you be concerned with being a good person - Intro to Philosophy - Essay

767 words - 4 pages Khadijah Fisher “Why should you be concerned with being a good person?” According to Webster, the term good, when used as an adjective means to be desired or approved of; when used as a noun it means to either be morally right/ righteous or to be a benefit or advantage to someone or something. So, as you can see the term “good” is very subjective. It’s almost like a social contract. As a child, I was often told to be good whenever my parents

Intro in to teaching philosophy. What is your teaching philosophy and teaching style? - Intro into teaching - Education

456 words - 2 pages Yadielys Santiago October 18, 2018 A7 Your teaching philosophy Since I could remember, I always wanted to teach. I used to play “teacher” with my dolls, sit them as if they were in a classroom and just teach them. I have always wanted to become a teacher because I love school, and I want to help young children learn and succeed. Being a teacher to me means being able to develop a relationship with the students that will encourage them to come to

Intro to Psychology Essay Topic - Intro to Psyc - Essay

502 words - 3 pages Belcher Cianna Belcher 02/25/2018 Psych 1010 Professor Yoptina Classical Conditioning Through Classical Conditioning I learned the Conditioned Stimulus leads to a Condition Response. When I was little I would play on the basement stairs with bouncy balls. My dad would tell me to get off the stairs before I would get hurt but of course I would never listen. So, therefore every time I was caught playing on the basement stairs my dad would

Chapter 10 law intro in to paralegal - intro to law - essay

404 words - 2 pages 10-1 Yes Rocky and Monica did have a contract based on Unilateral Contracts. Rocky Mountain Races Inc advertised a prize of 10,000 for completing an act. The act in this scenario is to run 100 miles from the floor of Blackwater Canyon to the top of Pinnacle Mountain. 10-2 I believe that Nursing Services could attempt to recover the 4,000 in services that they performed from Janine. They have the right under Implied Contracts. She was aware that

Rags To Riches: A literary take - Intro to Literature - Essay

666 words - 3 pages Rags to Riches The story of rags to riches comes from eons ago. Cinderella was helped by her Fairy Godmother to turn her torn up dress into a sparkly ball gown, and her pumpkin and animal friends into a carriage ride to the ball. Chris Pratt was waiting tables where he was cast for the television series, “Parks and Recreation,” now moving on to star in box office hits. Patti Smith experienced this monumental shift from being a struggling artist

yellow wallpaper narrative essay - intro to litetaure - essay

1102 words - 5 pages Melvina Thomas English 30: Section 02 Professor Brosnan Unit One Essay Women have traditionally been known as the less dominant sex. Through history women have fought for equal rights and freedom. The story of “The Yellow Wallpaper” by Charlotte Gilman and “The story of an Hour” by Kate Chopin both have deep meaning, and hidden symbols. In both stories there is a woman who is oppressed by some outside force and must find the way to overcome this

A Class Divided Reflection Paper - Intro to Diversity - essay

688 words - 3 pages Intro to Diversity Studies A Class Divided Reflection Paper Marie Stimpson 10/12/2018 Watching A Class Divided really brought along a lot of different feelings. First and foremost, I learned from watching the kid’s scene that you work better when you feel better and when you feel confident. The scene that I’ll probably remember most is when Ms. Elliot did the test on the adults. It was shocking and interesting to see how adults act in such a

Buddhism and Ethics of Happiness - Intro to Ethics 2306 - Essay

855 words - 4 pages Muse 2 Zierrah Muse Phil 2306 February 20, 2018 Buddhism and Ethics of Happiness Response Paper The Buddhists view on right and wrong/good and evil is that every man or woman who are seeking external happiness, afraid of pain and death, and loss are enduring the gentle balance between good and evil. To avoid evil, one must encourage good doings in their life. These evils include: over indulgence of food, sex, material possessions, and self

Roxanne Gay's Hunger Reflection - Intro to Contemporary Literature - Essay

1598 words - 7 pages Rana Abdelfatah Professor Adkins CWL 190 December 6, 2018 Recipe Reflection Okay, right from the get go I would like to put it out there that if you were to make this recipe in real life, you would most likely get food poisoning on the spot. Definitely inedible, and really gross. I’m not here to craft a gourmet dish though! I chose my first book that I read this semester entitled Hunger, written by Roxanne Gay. The ingredients for this recipe

Sociolinguistic Analysis of Orwell's 1984 - Intro to Sociolinguistics - Essay

1022 words - 5 pages Alena Taing Shapiro Intro. To Sociolinguistics 13 November 2018 1984 & Sapir Whorf When people think of Orwell and his work 1984, the concept most likely to jump to mind is the language of Newspeak. This language was created by “ideological technicians” to straitjacket the English language, and make the expression of divergent thought physically and quite literally impossible. However, Orwell also stressed the lackluster sort of nature of the

UXT Task 1 WGU - Intro to Humanities C100 - Essay

1158 words - 5 pages UXT Task 1 (0917) Task 1 Work: The Fall of The House of Usher by E.A. Poe Period: Romantic A. Initial Thoughts I think the story is very sad. Usher invites the narrator to come to visit and the narrator recounts how they were friends as children but had not been in close contact for many years, however, Usher regards him as his only outside friend. The narrator feels obligated to indulge the request based upon this, the narrator has a

philosophy essay so i can get access to this website - philosophy - essay

738 words - 3 pages scientific journals called for a moratorium on further research and asks us the public to debate the moral and philosophical questions that arise from the potential of genome editing. In this essay I intend to explore just that by stating how when it comes to genome editing there is no moral permissibility whatsoever and that there are only moral obligations and impermissibility. To say that something is morally permissible is to say that

Essay on Free Will vs. Hard Determinism (Philosophy) - Introduction to Philosophy/Bellarmine University - Essay

815 words - 4 pages Circumstances: Self-Made or Natural? Many people have wondered throughout the world, why am I in the position I am right now? How did my life go so wrong/right? Some may answer that their circumstances are a result of their own decisions, while others may say the reason is because of the “universe”. To understand both perceptions, Richard Taylor’s Agency Theory and Baron d’Holbach’s Hard Determinism Theory will be analyzed. By comparing