Dependency Theory As Well Modernisation Theory And How Europe Underdeveloped Africa Sociology 202 Assignment

1401 words - 6 pages

Dependency theory holds that the condition of underdevelopment is precisely the result of the incorporation of the Third World economies into the capitalist world system which is dominated by the West and North, hence in development studies, dependency implies a situation in which a particular country or region relies on another for support, “survival” and growth. The third world countries are the economically underdeveloped countries of Asia, Africa, Oceania, and Latin America, considered as an entity with common characteristics, such as poverty, high birth-rates, and economic dependence on the advanced countries. The term therefore implies that the third world is exploited, and that its destiny is a revolutionary one. Distinctively, the underdevelopment of the third world is marked by a number of common traits, distorted and highly dependent economies devoted to producing primary products for the developed world and to provide markets for their finished goods, traditional, rural social structures, high population growth, and widespread of poverty. This essay will discuss the two theories which are dependency theory as well as the modernisation theory, and also discuss how Europe underdeveloped Africa.
Dependency theory
Hays (2001) defines dependency as an explanation of the economic development of a state in terms of the external influences political, economic, and cultural on national development. Theotonio (2000) states that dependency theory is an historical condition which shapes a certain structure of the world economy such that it favours some countries to the detriment of others and limits the development possibilities of the subordinate economics, it is also defined as a situation in which the economy of a certain group of countries is conditioned by the development and expansion of another economy, to which their own is subjected (Ferraro, 2008). A more direct challenge to the modernisation theory emerged in the 1960’s and 1970’s in the form of the dependency theory. This theory owes its origin to the writings of Baran (1957), Prebisch (1971) and Frank (1971). Drawing on the notion of inequality between the industrial nations and the non-industrial world, dependency theory refers to the former as the “core” and the latter as the “periphery.” Contrary to modernisation theory, dependency theory views development from the perspective of the impact of exogenous forces on the periphery. In the dependency theory, capitalism is understood as a world system that contains an inherent core-periphery duality or “metropolis-satellite” concept (Smith, 2005) that determines the developmental potentialities of different countries. Dependency is defined as a “situation in which a certain number of countries have their economy conditioned by the development and expansion of another” (Emeh, 2012). Thus, the possibility of development is determined by the relationship of exploitation that exists between the “core and periphery.” The...

Other Essays On dependency theory as well modernisation theory and how Europe underdeveloped africa - sociology 202 - assignment

What does it mean to be alienated? - Sociology and Theory - Essay

1694 words - 7 pages Sociology 200; Theory and Society Nadia Badsha, 774707570 Sociology 200; Theory and Society Nadia Badsha, 774707570 What does it mean to be alienated? Karl Marx, influenced by the Hegelians, explicitly describes alienation as “Entfremdung”[footnoteRef:1], a type of human estrangement. Alienation is said to separate an individual from their humanity; a consequence afflicted through the conditions of Capitalism. The capitalist production process

Critical Theory-Marc joshua quidilla - english - Assignment

924 words - 4 pages unconscious mind and its role in human behavior. Freud believed that there were three levels of consciousness. First, is the unconscious mind which exists outside of your awareness at all times. Next, is the pre-conscious mind which includes all information that you’re not currently aware of, but that can be recalled. Finally, the conscious mind is your current state of awareness. For example, remember the cartoons you used to watch as a child, the

Justice studies review theory define - JS100 - assignment

457 words - 2 pages Assignment #1: Defining Justice Although the Criminal Code has specific definition for defining justice, when it is applied in the theoretic to society it appears to be just in fair dealing with crime. However, when applied in reality a singular definition of justice does not encompass or take into consideration the historical context of certain individuals, the environmental, or situational factors that may have occurred or the burdens and

auteur theory and its argument - Ashford University ENG225 Introduction to Film - assignment

428 words - 2 pages ) Spike Lee (Director) A director who I would consider an auteur. I would liken Spike Lee who is a director as an auteur. "Auteur" is the French word for author” Goodykoontz, B., & Jacobs, C. P. (2014). The director is the creator of the film who puts his/her individual style and persona to the project. Discuss the arguments against auteur theory and provide examples to support your points. “The auteur theory deems the director as the major

Auction Theory in the Used Car Market - MMU - Assignment

2913 words - 12 pages Introduction This report seeks to analyse the application of auction theory principles to the design of sales of used cars. The concept of the Revenue Equivalence Theorem (RET) will be explored to determine how profit maximisation can be achieved by sellers of used cars. In their most simple form, auctions are allocative mechanisms often most beneficial in situations where the value of items is unknown, can vary and/or does not have a determinable market

• Prepare and submit a document summarizing your analysis – OB theory and your own thinking – - HRM 742 - Individual Assignment 2

1571 words - 7 pages assignment I committed to -Don’t be afraid to give constructive feedback as well as take into consideration what others are telling me -Just because we each are doing a certain part of the assignment if someone is struggling, I will offer my help -Building trust with the entire team is so important. There may not be a lot of trust there. Some have had bad experiences with group assignments before. So, it will take time to work as a team and make it

Is self-determination a good idea? - Durham University - Theory & History of IR - Formative Assignment

1823 words - 8 pages government, however his idea of providing self-determination was flawed in its roots of the ‘Anglo-American tradition of civic nationalism’ (Lynch, p.424), and he was unable to grasp the importance of distinguishing the nation from the peoples constituting the nation. This would plague his attempts to apply the principle in eastern Europe. Thus, Wilson’s interpretation was a bad idea as self-determination was only seen as the ‘right of communities to

Chapter 2 The Beginnings of Personality Theory - CSUCI PSY 317 - Homework Assignment

460 words - 2 pages Chapter 2 The Beginnings of Personality Theory Sigmund Freud · Grew up in the sophisticated, but anti-Semitic, city of Vienna · European culture and sexual repression · Was the indulged family favorite · Attended medical school at the University of Vienna · Performed research in the laboratories of Ernst Brücke and other distinguished professors · Neuroanatomist, neurophysiologist Hysteria and Hypnosis · The brilliant Charcot’s neurological

Project Management Theory And Practice

7085 words - 29 pages procedures.Page=290, 7.1 objectives, Project Management, Harold Kerzner 9th edt.Business Bay project goal is as follows:"Business Bay will set a global example of a well-planned, managed and visionary city centre in a unique location that will emerge from the desert".The refined objectives for Business Bay are as follows:· Business bay to provide a convenient mix of uses to become a complete, sustainable urban city destination&middot

Social Biography - Sociology - Primary and Secondary Factors - Uni, Sociology - Essay assignment

1420 words - 6 pages 1 SOCS 100: Introduction to Sociology Assignment 1: Critical Analysis (Social Biography) Rupa Pun (S00263292) Tutor: Ms. Nicole Stirling Word Count: 1046 Date: 22 March 2019 Social Biography This social biography is about John, the youngest son in a family of seven. The report will provide a glimpse of how he has learned to adapt and function in society through socialisation in which John’s beliefs, attitudes, values and behaviour is influenced

Things Fall Apart essay and personal summary - Sociology assignment - Essay

613 words - 3 pages ‘Things Fall Apart’ Things Fall Apart is a tragedy not only to Okonkwo and his igbo clan but to society as well. Okonkwo was a wealthy, rich, and a respectable warrior of the Umuofia clan. Okonkwo meets a tragic destiny by the end of the novel, which affected him and the peaceful Igbo society that got tore it into pieces by the end of the novel. At the start of the novel Okonkwo was a leader amongst the Igbo people. But this novel Things

Similar Papers

Application Theory Paper For Sociology Sociology Essay

631 words - 3 pages Theory Application: Article 2 Karl Marx argued that social class dictates a person’s social life. A person in a higher social class can access several opportunities and therefore lead lives of abundance and leisure. Similarly, those in the lower class access limited opportunities hence lead lives of poverty and hardship. The rich people would control every aspect of the society, including the lives of even the poor people. As such, there is a

Singer Vs. Frankfurt: How To Live Uf Theory Of Happiness And Well Being Essay

1515 words - 7 pages important to the happiness of the individual; loving and taking care of what one loves makes us happy because it gives life meaning, and according to Frankfurt having meaning occupies most of what it is to live well. This meaningful activity is not determined by what one loves, but strictly by the act of loving itself. For Frankfurt, one can love anything wholeheartedly. By wholehearted, Frankfurt means that the it is a rewarding love, as the

How Does Color Affect Design And People University Of Bridgeport Color Theory Essay, Assignment

1062 words - 5 pages and responsibly to create an environment pleasant to the eye, as well as compatible to a clients relationship with color. This is can be incredibly difficult as designers not only work with primary color, but shades and hues of multiple colors, different fabrics and materials, and the human experience in each designated space. Many religions rely on color to portray messages to their people. Particularly in pagan religions, color is an important

Saint And Roughnecks, Labeling Theory Juvinille Justice Assignment

2598 words - 11 pages The Saints and Roughnecks: Labeling theory, Race, and Juvenile gangs Haylee Whitney The first article i read was about eight young men “The Saints” who went to Hanibal High School, and also another group of six men who called themselves the “Roughnecks” who went to Hanibal High School as well. For the original 8 men they “sold oats”, which refers to selling drugs or marijuana. The “Roughnecks” were always in trouble with the police and people in