Describe And Account For The Nature And Distribution Of Scandinavian Elements In English Place Names

2561 words - 11 pages

Describe and account for the nature and distribution of Scandinavian elements in English place names.The influx of Danes and Norwegians during the ninth century was a major influence on English place names. In order to understand the Scandinavian element manifested in English place names we must take a brief look at the history of their influence upon England. A great period of unrest is thought to have occurred within the Scandinavian Peninsula, towards the end of the Old English period. This led to a series of invasions by boat of the surrounding coastal regions. The bold and enterprising seafarers became known as Vikings and the period of their invasions and conquests, the Viking Age.The ...view middle of the document...

This was a hugely eventful and turbulent period, which though summarized briefly in this essay, had a great impact upon the English language. The invasion and settlement of the Danes, particularly in relation to place names, had changed the course of history of the English language. The shift from plundering to permanent settlers is known due to the fact that over one thousand four hundred places in England contain an element of Scandinavian. This proves that this was not an entirely turbulent period and some Vikings lived in peace, adopted many of the English customs and community, and were able to amalgamate with the English. Evidence found in the Scandinavian names of monks, bishops and other aspects related to the church prove the Danes accommodated the English way of life, accepting Christianity early on. John Green suggests, ‘when the wild burst of the storm was over, land, people, government, reappeared unchanged. England still remained England; the conquerors sank quietly into the mass of those around them.’ He explains how the violence of the invasion evolved into an understanding between the two peoples, ‘Nowhere over Europe was the fight so fierce, because nowhere else were the combatants men of one blood and one speech. But just for this reason the fusion of northmen with their foes was nowhere so peaceful and complete.’Evidence shows that following the treaty of 886, the majority of the Scandinavians settled in the region of the Danelaw. David Crystal suggests that ‘over 2000 Scandinavian place names are found throughout the area.’ Few places of significance to the south or immediate north and east of this line show elements of Scandinavian. To summarise the distribution, it appears the Scandinavian influence was prominent in Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, Leicestershire, Nottinghamshire, Rutland, as well as in the Lake District (Cumberland, Westmorland, Lancashire). Scandinavian place names can be found in parts of Derbyshire, Norfolk, Northamptonshire, South Durham and Cheshire although outside of these regions evidence of is limited. ).The majority of the settlers were Danes except in the northwestern areas such as Cheshire, Lancashire and Yorkshire where Norwegians settled. The Norwegian element is suggested by anomalies within place-names, such as the Norwegian búð compared to the Danish bóð, skáli, brekka, gil. Some Irish-Gaelic influences are also suggestive of the settlement of Norwegians. Examples include bueth in Boothby, Glassan in Glassonby and Corc in Corby. Both by and thorpe were thought to be used in East and West Scandinavia in unison whilst in England the two could sometimes be used to decipher whether it was a sign of Norweigan or Danish settlement, by suggesting Norweigan whilst thorpe suggesting Danish population.The density of Scandinavian place names within a region and the extent of the Scandinavian element within a name suggest the influence the Viking...

Other Essays On Describe And Account For The Nature And Distribution Of Scandinavian Elements In English Place Names

Caribbean History: Account For The Emancipation Of Slaves In Any One Caribbean Territory. Territory Choosen: French

1042 words - 5 pages Subject: Caribbean HistoryAssignment: Account for the emancipation of slaves in any one Caribbean territory.Territory choosen: FrenchEmancipation in the French West Indies (F.W.I) was administered in 1848 based upon the argument that slavery was inhumane. The discovery, emphasized in Victor Schoelcher's report, caused dissatisfaction among the public, which in turn placed pressure on the government. It is perhaps rather interesting that the

Gothic elements and Guilt in "The black cat" and "The Tell Tale Heart" - west valley college english 1b - essay

1410 words - 6 pages him away: “ In the rabid desire to say something easily, I scarcely knew what I uttered at all” (Poe 159). Our narrator cannot control what he is saying; his guilt forces him to speak of the construction of the cellar walls, and to knock on the very spot where his wife was entombed, almost in hopes of being caught and punished for his actions. The narrator hides his true nature, that of a cold-blooded McGinley !3 killer, from himself and his

Dystopian elements of 1984 Icke and Macmillan - English - Essay

963 words - 4 pages are against or doubtful of the party. The text follows Winston (the protagonist) on a rebellious journey where he attempts to bring down the party by writing for the future. Winston creates a diary that changes the way people think and view the governing party hoping to create a rebellion in the future. But as said in the text ‘The party is invincible, it will always exist…’ and that is exactly what happens. The party work with people Winston

The Use Of Nature And The Natural World In Works From Constable And Buson

932 words - 4 pages beautiful part of England’s countryside is shown.One key aspect of Constable’s The Haywain is the aim for realism and accuracy in depicting the natural world. By accurately depicting nature in this landscape, Constable’s theme of unity between man and nature is realized. The painting’s mood is serene and the human figures appear to be part of the simple background. Unlike his contemporaries during the Romantic period, Constable

Immanuel Kant's Moral Philsophy And The Place Of The Emprical In Ethics

1262 words - 6 pages determine whether or not there is a moral law by which all people must live, and, if so, what such a law would be. Kant concluded that such a law, if it should exist, would have to be both universal and categorical. To ensure this, Kant insisted that a moral concept must be "completely a priori in reason" and that any morality based on empirical elements was null and void. His Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals devotes a great deal of time to

What does Romeo and Juliet illustrate about the nature of love? - english - essay

1156 words - 5 pages Physical Activity Log Directions: Record your physical activity for each day in the chart below. Check with your teacher to confirm the number of minutes required per week. You will need to fill in this chart with the type of exercise(s) you complete and the amount of time you spent exercising. You must include the date, description of exercise, number of minutes, and total number of minutes per week. You will use one log for the entire course

Twins Literary Elements and Techniques - English - assignment

849 words - 4 pages Twins 1. The exposition of a story occurs for three reasons: to provide necessary background, to establish the setting, and to introduce the characters. It occurs at the beginning of a story, in this case “His wife had often criticized…” and “They were standing on the edge of an old mine shaft…” and “He was a writer of detective stories. These paragraphs all help to set the stage for the action that will unfold. Rising Action refers to the

The Conflict Between Nature and Culture in Wuthering Heights

469 words - 2 pages The Conflict Between Nature and Culture in Wuthering HeightsIn Wuthering Heights there is a clear battle between human nature, and the attempt to control it with civilization and culture. The conflict between nature and culture which is a part of the thematic structure of this novel is presented in the relationship between two residences: Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange as well as its inhabitants. Wuthering Heights represents the

Chekhov's Love Talent: "Angle [The Darling]" And "The Lady With The Little Dog" Compare And Contrast Foreshadowing, Setting, And Characterization Elements Of Fiction In Both Stories

2628 words - 11 pages brilliant, from the foreground of the two on a bench to the middle ground of the immobile leaves to the background of the sea, mountains and clouds that surround them. The two scenes are not just descriptions of setting; they also set the mood for one to see how Dmitri and Anna feel about one another. Their relationship is beautiful; they have fallen in true love with each other.Olga's continuous dream in "Angel [The Darling]" takes place in the

The effects of nature and nuture - pshychology - paper

1162 words - 5 pages characteristics through the basic concepts of nurture and nature. Are children born to be obese through the power of genetics or are they simply living a lifestyle that causes one to be obese? When taking the perspective of nurturing views to obesity we must look at various aspects of family functionality. For instance, we must try to understand a child’s physical development based off of how parents attend to their child’s needs, and how the child acts

What does Romeo and Juliet illustrate about the nature of love? Consider how the play portrays love - english - essay

1125 words - 5 pages similarities between what is contained in the state constitutions and the federal Constitution. For example, Hawaii’s constitution and the U.S. Constitution both include a preamble that lists general rights afforded to the people of Hawaii and, alternatively, the United States. Both constitutions contain articles specifying the powers of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches. State constitutions tend to diverge from the federal

Similar Papers

Speaks About Elements Used In The Movie Singin In The Rain And The Use Of Satire

343 words - 2 pages The most affective element in Singin in the Rain was the use of satire in the script and especially dealing with Mr. Simpson. The use of satire added a comical aspect to the film and it also allowed the viewer to laugh at authority. Mr. Simpson is the head of the film company and yet he doesn't seem very bright and speaks from two sides of him mouth. This is shown particularly well in two scenes in the film. The first scene showing this was when

Modernist Elements In Virginia Woolf’s A Room Of One’s Own And Modern Fiction English Essay

894 words - 4 pages MODERNIST ELEMENTS IN VIRGINIA WOOLF’S A ROOM OF ONE’S OWN AND MODERN FICTION By Francisco José Suárez García “The literary movement that consists in the breaking with all the previous ideas and devices.” This is the definition of Modernism, a movement that rose in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. There was a need for renovation after the previous movements of naturalism and realism, where facts and description meant everything. Now the

Describe The Responses Of Individuals, Groups And Governments In Australia To The Challenge Of Reconciliation

613 words - 3 pages and governments in Australia.The government has addressed the challenges of reconciliation through constitutional means, common law and legislation. The move towards reconciliation started with a landmark amendment to the Australian Constitution was a result of the overwhelmingly supported 1967 referendum. Since then there have been several events addressing the challenges of reconciliation.In 1991, the formal process for reconciliation began

Gender Roles: Describe The Gender Roles In "A Rose For Emily" And "Papas Waltz" In Their Respective Stories

925 words - 4 pages are aggressive hunters and are the dominant one of the family. People who support this theory seems to believe that men and women are happier when fulfilling the roles nature determined for them. Women are to be nurturing and men are to be providers by nature. An individual gender role is molded through socialization. Individuals learn the ways, traditions, norms, and rules of getting along with others. A persons environment has a big influence