This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Describe And Account For The Nature And Distribution Of Scandinavian Elements In English Place Names

2561 words - 11 pages

Describe and account for the nature and distribution of Scandinavian elements in English place names.The influx of Danes and Norwegians during the ninth century was a major influence on English place names. In order to understand the Scandinavian element manifested in English place names we must take a brief look at the history of their influence upon England. A great period of unrest is thought to have occurred within the Scandinavian Peninsula, towards the end of the Old English period. This led to a series of invasions by boat of the surrounding coastal regions. The bold and enterprising seafarers became known as Vikings and the period of their invasions and conquests, the Viking Age.The ...view middle of the document...

This was a hugely eventful and turbulent period, which though summarized briefly in this essay, had a great impact upon the English language. The invasion and settlement of the Danes, particularly in relation to place names, had changed the course of history of the English language. The shift from plundering to permanent settlers is known due to the fact that over one thousand four hundred places in England contain an element of Scandinavian. This proves that this was not an entirely turbulent period and some Vikings lived in peace, adopted many of the English customs and community, and were able to amalgamate with the English. Evidence found in the Scandinavian names of monks, bishops and other aspects related to the church prove the Danes accommodated the English way of life, accepting Christianity early on. John Green suggests, ‘when the wild burst of the storm was over, land, people, government, reappeared unchanged. England still remained England; the conquerors sank quietly into the mass of those around them.’ He explains how the violence of the invasion evolved into an understanding between the two peoples, ‘Nowhere over Europe was the fight so fierce, because nowhere else were the combatants men of one blood and one speech. But just for this reason the fusion of northmen with their foes was nowhere so peaceful and complete.’Evidence shows that following the treaty of 886, the majority of the Scandinavians settled in the region of the Danelaw. David Crystal suggests that ‘over 2000 Scandinavian place names are found throughout the area.’ Few places of significance to the south or immediate north and east of this line show elements of Scandinavian. To summarise the distribution, it appears the Scandinavian influence was prominent in Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, Leicestershire, Nottinghamshire, Rutland, as well as in the Lake District (Cumberland, Westmorland, Lancashire). Scandinavian place names can be found in parts of Derbyshire, Norfolk, Northamptonshire, South Durham and Cheshire although outside of these regions evidence of is limited. ).The majority of the settlers were Danes except in the northwestern areas such as Cheshire, Lancashire and Yorkshire where Norwegians settled. The Norwegian element is suggested by anomalies within place-names, such as the Norwegian búð compared to the Danish bóð, skáli, brekka, gil. Some Irish-Gaelic influences are also suggestive of the settlement of Norwegians. Examples include bueth in Boothby, Glassan in Glassonby and Corc in Corby. Both by and thorpe were thought to be used in East and West Scandinavia in unison whilst in England the two could sometimes be used to decipher whether it was a sign of Norweigan or Danish settlement, by suggesting Norweigan whilst thorpe suggesting Danish population.The density of Scandinavian place names within a region and the extent of the Scandinavian element within a name suggest the influence the Viking...

Other Essays On Describe And Account For The Nature And Distribution Of Scandinavian Elements In English Place Names

Caribbean History: Account For The Emancipation Of Slaves In Any One Caribbean Territory. Territory Choosen: French

1042 words - 5 pages Subject: Caribbean HistoryAssignment: Account for the emancipation of slaves in any one Caribbean territory.Territory choosen: FrenchEmancipation in the French West Indies (F.W.I) was administered in 1848 based upon the argument that slavery was inhumane. The discovery, emphasized in Victor Schoelcher's report, caused dissatisfaction among the public, which in turn placed pressure on the government. It is perhaps rather interesting that the

The Use Of Nature And The Natural World In Works From Constable And Buson

932 words - 4 pages beautiful part of England’s countryside is shown.One key aspect of Constable’s The Haywain is the aim for realism and accuracy in depicting the natural world. By accurately depicting nature in this landscape, Constable’s theme of unity between man and nature is realized. The painting’s mood is serene and the human figures appear to be part of the simple background. Unlike his contemporaries during the Romantic period, Constable

Chekhov's Love Talent: "Angle [The Darling]" And "The Lady With The Little Dog" Compare And Contrast Foreshadowing, Setting, And Characterization Elements Of Fiction In Both Stories

2628 words - 11 pages brilliant, from the foreground of the two on a bench to the middle ground of the immobile leaves to the background of the sea, mountains and clouds that surround them. The two scenes are not just descriptions of setting; they also set the mood for one to see how Dmitri and Anna feel about one another. Their relationship is beautiful; they have fallen in true love with each other.Olga's continuous dream in "Angel [The Darling]" takes place in the

The Conflict Between Nature and Culture in Wuthering Heights

469 words - 2 pages The Conflict Between Nature and Culture in Wuthering HeightsIn Wuthering Heights there is a clear battle between human nature, and the attempt to control it with civilization and culture. The conflict between nature and culture which is a part of the thematic structure of this novel is presented in the relationship between two residences: Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange as well as its inhabitants. Wuthering Heights represents the

Describe the main inequalities found in health care and health status

446 words - 2 pages appointments (Walters: 1980) resulting in greater doctor/patient relations (Townsend: 1992). Twice as many middle class patients are referred to hospital and are more likely to be visited there by their GP. The combination of a GP's likely additional qualifications and greater direct access to x-ray equipment and scanners for those living in affluent areas, results in quicker and more accurate diagnosis (Walters: 1980).Geographically there is an uneven

Trollope's "City Of Love": Report Is About Author Francis Trollope Known For Her Unique And Controversial Style. She Was A Female English Author Who Wrote Several Novels In The Early 1800's

1662 words - 7 pages overcome and proved even more difficult, if not impossible, for a woman. Francis Trollope, known for her unique and controversial style, was a female English author who wrote several novels in the early 1800's. Trollope relocated to Cincinnati, Ohio, for a period of time lasting less than three years. While residing in Cincinnati she developed a very negative opinion of the city and eventually blamed the failure of a business venture the city and its

Romeo And Juliet : Describe The Main Idea In Your Text And Explain What You Learned From It

1188 words - 5 pages "Romeo and Juliet" is an Elizabethan play of tragedy, written by William Shakespeare. Romeo and Juliet is about two "star-crossed" lovers, of feuding households, who die for the ultimate price of love, and each other. Shakespeare communicates the underlying main idea of love through contrasting the many different forms of love which appear through the play. Various characters in the play talk of love from many different points of view. We are

Describe how wine and knitting are used as symbols to foreshadow and explain the uprising of the poor

544 words - 3 pages balance between the classes, the uprising was a failure. Unable to change the social structure of France, the lower class instead triggered a chaotic revolution for two decades, where neither class benefited tremendously.Dickens uses foreshadowing to confuse and strengthen the plot. With the serene and mindful knitting of Madame Defarge and a cask of spilt wine described by Dickens in perceptive detail, the plot becomes a riddle, which can only be

Describe The Relationship Among The Rise Of European Nation States, International Commerce, And The Exploration Of The New World

699 words - 3 pages blossomed. While the merchant class lusted for new markets and more convenient means of distribution, the demand for foreign goods radically grew. With this demand came a rise in prices that drove adventurous entrepreneurs in search of efficient sea routes to suppliers, namely India and the Orient. The tremendous profits soon drew the attention of European monarchs.As the fifteenth century drew to a close, a strong Europe emerged. No longer did small

In 'Tissue' How Does Louise Page Present The Political Elements And What Impact Do They Have On The Audience

1163 words - 5 pages Louise Page uses various political elements in her play. In woman's theatre the issues are more often based around the personal and domestic aspects of the home and family. Page addresses breast cancer in her play emphasising that it is a subject appropriate for the stage, this also demonstrates that these issues have just as much social and political significance to the audience as other issues approached by male playwrights. She uses theatre

The Place Of Courtly Values In Chaucer's "The Miller's Tale"

1112 words - 5 pages for those characters who maintain cunningness over courtly virtues in "The Miller's Tale" be rewarded, or otherwise, not punished.Works CitedThe Place of Courtly Values in Chaucer's "The Miller's Tale"Chaucer, Geoffrey. Canterbury Tales. Translated by Neville Coghill. London: Penguin Books, 1951."Geoffrey Chaucer."The Norton Anthology of English Literature. Ed. M.H. Abrams et al. 7th ed. Vol. 1. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc.,2000. 210-215

Similar Papers

Speaks About Elements Used In The Movie Singin In The Rain And The Use Of Satire

343 words - 2 pages The most affective element in Singin in the Rain was the use of satire in the script and especially dealing with Mr. Simpson. The use of satire added a comical aspect to the film and it also allowed the viewer to laugh at authority. Mr. Simpson is the head of the film company and yet he doesn't seem very bright and speaks from two sides of him mouth. This is shown particularly well in two scenes in the film. The first scene showing this was when

Describe The Responses Of Individuals, Groups And Governments In Australia To The Challenge Of Reconciliation

613 words - 3 pages and governments in Australia.The government has addressed the challenges of reconciliation through constitutional means, common law and legislation. The move towards reconciliation started with a landmark amendment to the Australian Constitution was a result of the overwhelmingly supported 1967 referendum. Since then there have been several events addressing the challenges of reconciliation.In 1991, the formal process for reconciliation began

Gender Roles: Describe The Gender Roles In "A Rose For Emily" And "Papas Waltz" In Their Respective Stories

925 words - 4 pages are aggressive hunters and are the dominant one of the family. People who support this theory seems to believe that men and women are happier when fulfilling the roles nature determined for them. Women are to be nurturing and men are to be providers by nature. An individual gender role is molded through socialization. Individuals learn the ways, traditions, norms, and rules of getting along with others. A persons environment has a big influence

Immanuel Kant's Moral Philsophy And The Place Of The Emprical In Ethics

1262 words - 6 pages determine whether or not there is a moral law by which all people must live, and, if so, what such a law would be. Kant concluded that such a law, if it should exist, would have to be both universal and categorical. To ensure this, Kant insisted that a moral concept must be "completely a priori in reason" and that any morality based on empirical elements was null and void. His Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals devotes a great deal of time to