Differences Between Spearman And Gardner Essay

666 words - 3 pages

The differences between Spearman and GardnerShaun KellyAmerican Intercontinental UniversityThe differences between Spearman and GardnerEdward Spearman's name is almost synonymous with general intelligence, or "g" for short. He invented the first form of factor analysis, and proposed a two-factor theory of intelligence. He had sort of a math formula that said every activity involves a general factor plus a specific factor. (G + S). From these theories, he said that people who do well on intelligence tests also do well on a variety of intellectual tasks. "Vocabulary and mathematical and spatial abilities". (Wilderdom, 2003). So for example of "g", Spearman would theorize that people who score well on a verbal test have a lot of intelligence, but they are affected by their abilities to perform verbal tasks. In laments terms, if you scored well on a verbal test, you studied and have the brain capacity to understand and comprehend the material.Howard Gardner on ...view middle of the document...

Premise 2: Now it has been found that certain brain parts do distinctively map with certain cognitive functioning, as evidenced by certain brain damage leading to loss of certain cognitive function" (Washington U, 2002). These theories give a basis for multiple intelligences. Biologically, Gardner determines that the brain is the major player in the equation. For example; if a person was physically handicapped, he determined that the particular part of the person brain that controlled motor functions was damaged.The differences between the two psychologist's theories are basically the same, but explained differently. Spearman's theories are narrow focusing on one general type of intelligence, G and reaction time. Gardner's theories are essentially the same but broader focusing on multiple intelligences. Point here is that Gardner doesn't believe that one intelligence can be sufficient to determine intelligence. As for overall use of these theories, Spearman's theory has more evidence that it works compared to Gardner's theory. The proof conquers that there is a connection between someone's IQ and simple everyday tasks. The only place where Spearman's theory is suspect is that it doesn't account for all people. Example; if you gave a poor child an intelligence test, they would probably score poorly thus be deemed to have a below average intelligence. However, the child probably knows how to do basic math to survive and get by, consequently, it can't take into account different talents that certain individuals have.Gardner also has the same critiques with his theory. A lot of people don't prefer this method because it is too excessive and has too many components to gauge and measure. His theory has a very casual explanation, but due to the variety of different components to the theory, it's difficult to pinpoint the exact cause and effect of a situation, and since no one has accurately figured out the complexities and diagramed an accurate depiction of the brain, I would have to call the theory hypothetical.ReferencesSpearman "g", (2003). Retrieved on June 26th 2004, from, http://www.wilderdom.com/personality/L1-5KeyPlayers.html.Han S. Palik, One intelligence or many? (2002). Retrieved on June 25th 2004, from http://www.personalityresearch.org/papers/paik.html.

Other Essays On Differences Between Spearman And Gardner

Similarities and Differences in Biological Mechanisms Between Schizophrenia and Depression - University of Hertfordshire - Essay

3349 words - 14 pages PSY3 Brain Disorders 14141847 Discuss the evidence that while depression and schizophrenia are distinct psychiatric disorders, there may be some parallels and/or similarities as well as differences in the underlying biological mechanisms. Refer in your answer to recent experimental studies that have advanced our understanding of the underlying causes and the brain pathology of these two disorders. Schizophrenia is a disorder categorised by a

Similarities and differences between Langston Hughes and Countee Cullen poems - United High School English - essay

974 words - 4 pages time of inequality. During these desperate times African Americans were facing troubles and lacked the acceptance of their skin and heritage. They both wanted to express in poetry that just because the color of their skin is dark, it doesn’t make them any less human or American – which at this time is what the blacks wanted to be considered. Hughes and Cullen although very similar, both have differences in their style of writing and a different

Similarities and Differences Between Christianity and Judaism - Montclair State University - Research paper

2622 words - 11 pages Similarities and Differences between Christianity and Judaism Introduction Estimates reveal that Christianity is the world`s largest religion with over 2.4 billion followers which accounts for 33% of the world`s total population (Young, 2009). Schlosser (2006) defines Judaism as a religion, a culture, a set of traditions, an ethnicity that is embedded within Jewish people`s expectations, systems of belief and dynamics of families (p 424). He

Differences between Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombing - Palmate High School English - Essay

651 words - 3 pages Jordan Razon Ms.Pierce Period 2 07 March 2019 Differences between Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombing ​Hiroshima and Nagasaki Hiroshima and Nagasaki most known cities in Japan for the explosion of the two atomic bombs(Little Boy and Fat Man).​ ​At a basic level both the atomic bombs were a lot different from each other. More than 200,000 people died in Japan after U.S dropped the world’s first atomic bomb on Hiroshima and then another three days

Similarities And Differences Between William Shakespeare’S “Sonnet 55” And Robert Herrick’S “To The Virgins To Make Much Of Time”

745 words - 3 pages Similarities and Differences Between William Shakespeare's "Sonnet 55" and Robert Herrick's "To the Virgins to Make Much of Time"William Shakespeare and Robert Herrick are well-known names. They have written many poems that are still relevant and popular. There are some similarities between certain poems they wrote, which makes it possible to compare specific poems of Shakespeare and Herrick with each other. For example Shakespeare's "Sonnet 55

The Major Differences Along The Supply Chain Between The Business To Business And The Business To Consumer Marketing

3523 words - 15 pages 1. IntroductionIn order to identify, analyse and evaluate the major differences along the supply chain between the business-to-business (B2B) and the business-to-consumer (B2C) marketing in the manufacture and retailing of fast-moving-consumer-goods, it is important to define the different terms.According to Wright, the supply chain can be defined as 'the entire network of suppliers, factories, warehouses, distribution centres and retailers that

Discuss The Significant Differences Between Men's And Women's Talk - The Way They Interact, Their Choices Of Words And Phrases And The Topics They Like To Discuss

1949 words - 8 pages are no proper research done to conclude the above due to the individuality of both men and women. As there may be men who are more concerned with aesthetics and feelings and there may also be women who are practical thinkers. These differences make it difficult to draw any concrete conclusion on the way men and women think and feel. However, there are studies to show that there are differences between the way men and women talk.We will discuss the

Title: Dear John Write a letter explaining the environmental similarites and differences during fall and winter between Boston and a tropical place

543 words - 3 pages or two day vacation, in the middle of a school week! Those mini vacations are snowdays. On the other hand, I hate winter because I have to shovel tons of snow out of my driveway.I will now explain the similarities and differences between fall and winter, in detail. Fall is a cool season. If you are not a Floridian or an Alaskan, it is an awesome season. Winter is the same thing, just a lot colder. Winter is the coldest, darkest, slipperiest

"Respiration is very similar to burning." Is this true? Illustrate your answer by describing 3 similarities and 3 differences between the two

603 words - 3 pages Respiration is a process which releases energy from energy-rich molecules such as glucose. The glucose is converted into energy which is usable for life processes. Burning, or combustion, is a reaction between a substance and a gas to release energy. These two reactions have many similarities but are not the same. This essay will identify some of similarities and differences between the two processes.The first similarity is that both respiration

similarities and differences between cats and dogs - college - assignment

576 words - 3 pages want. Cats don’t do much. Dogs and cats may be different but there are a lot of similarities between the two. They are the most popular pets in the world and likeable pets as well. People choose better based on the feeling and attraction they get by them, for example cats may be uptight and not loving, while on the other hand, dogs get so excited when they see you. “Dogs come when they're called; cats take a message and get back to you later

UCOR: speaks about the similarities and differences between physicalism and dualism - Seattle U - Religious

703 words - 3 pages Sharif Batroukh Response Paper #1 April 27, 2018 Prompt #2 Dualism is a theory describing the relationship between the body and the conscious mind. It depicts an idea of separate physical and nonphysical entities, with the body acting as a harbor to the non-physical mind. Physicalism, on the other hand, describes the mind and body as one— a physical material object, the brain being the carrying case for your consciousness that only exists within

Similar Papers

Similarities And Differences Between Monopolies And Oligopolies

650 words - 3 pages Similarities and Differences between Monopolies and OligopoliesWhat are some similarities and differences between monopolies and oligopolies?According to Mankiw, N. G. (2004) monopolies and oligopolies can be defined as:Monopolies are based on a market where there are several buyers but only one seller of a product or service whereby the seller sets the price for products and services provided.Oligopolies are based on a market where there a few

Cultural Differences In Business Between Asia And The United States

286 words - 2 pages I have read a lot about the cultural differences between Asia and the United States. I have talked to some of my Asian acquaintances here in Okinawa. There are quite a few cultural differences in the business worlds in Hong Kong and the States.In the states, employees have stronger feelings about and opinions of the intrinsic contracts of a business. The employees' inner images come into play with these feelings because they feel that if they

6 Major Differences Between English And Chinese Bachelors Assignment

1594 words - 7 pages 6 Major Differences between English and Chinese There are some basic major differences between English and Chinese. It is important to be aware of the major differences between the two languages in order to reduce your mistakes in Chinese and also to make your expression in Chinese much better and fluent. This article discusses 6 of the major differences between English and Chinese. 1. English emphasizes the structure, while Chinese focuses on

Differences And Similarities Between Maryland And Baltimore University Of North Dakota History Essay

520 words - 3 pages and write on top of many other things. In doing so, he states some similarities and some differences. One of many differences between Baltimore and rural Maryland Douglass describes is that the plantation had long working hours with less food. Overseers would give little to eat and little time to eat resulting in little energy and lots of labor. “ We were often less than five minutes taking our meals” (Pg. 71). As expressed, This is just one