Discuss At Least One Possible Cause Of A Named Learning Difficulty Other Than Autism (E.G. Dyslexia, Dyscalcylia). Refer To Evidence In Your Answer (12 Marks)

974 words - 4 pages

One possible cause of dyslexia is that it emanates from neurological (brain) factors. This is a biological explanation. There is some evidence that dyslexic people share a group of genes on part of chromosome 6 which is close to the MHC genes that control the immune system. This idea is supported by the evidence that dyslexics often tend to suffer from disorders of the immune system such as asthma and rhemutoid arthritis.One theory which attempts to explain how dyslexia may be caused by problems in the brain is Gerschwinds theory. He claims that high testosterone in the foetus could lead to damage of the left hemisphere of the brain, which ultimately may cause dyslexia to arise. There ...view middle of the document...

Another theory, which attempts to explain how dyslexia may be caused by problems in the brain, is the timing theory. Galburda '94 provides some evidence for this theory. The thalamus in the brain receives and processes auditory information. Galburda claims that there are fewer cells in the thalamus of dyslexics compared to non-dyslexics. He says that this may explain why dyslexic children are unable to distinguish fast consonants - this supports Tallal's work. The evidence for this theory is taken from the post mortems of five dyslexic people that were compared to five post mortems of five non-dyslexic people. Similar problems that arise with Gerschwinds theory also occur with the timing theory. Although 5 post mortems is a better sample size than the two (that Gershwind used), it is still very small and cannot be generalised to all dyslexic people. Again, the issue of whether a dead and living brain would show the same problem (in this case the lack of cells in the thalamus) means that the results of the post mortems can't be applied or generalised to living dyslexic peoples brains. There is more evidence, by Stein, which also supports the timing theory. Stein says that the mother's immune system attacks the developing foetus causing damage to nerve cells that relay information about fast changing events, for example reading. He says that specific damage occurs in the Magno-Pathway from the retina to the cortex, which is meant to match up images from each eye into a single image. Stein says that dyslexia is a widespread neurological problem. The evidence is from Stein and Talcott which demonstrates that visual processing is an important factor (in contrast to Tallal's focus on sound). They asked dyslexics to watch ...


"discuss one or more biases in thinking and decision making" - 22 MARKS - DCGS - Psychology Essay

1198 words - 5 pages Hannah Moran 6D1 Discuss one or more biases in thinking and/or decision making. [22] Bias refers to the disproportionate weight in favour of or against one thing. Psychologists have studies a range of cognitive biases in order to determine their roles within thinking and decision making. Cognitive bias specifically is an error in thinking that affects the decisions and judgments that people make. Thinking and decision making are both closely

"We can usually learn much more from people whose views we share than from people whose views contradict our own; disagreement can cause stress and inhibit learning."

449 words - 2 pages merits of examining an issue from various perspectives, public debate has been incorporated as an integral process in the working of governments.In conclusion, I would say that it is true disagreements cause stress, but examining contradictory opinions can never inhibit learning. Here, it is important to distinguish between differences in opinion and differences in thought. A society with no differences in opinion would be conflict-free and highly desirable. But a society where no one dares to think differently would never progress. And it is only by exposure to divergent views that one learns to think differently.

My Mother And I. WHat Is One Situation Where You Felt You Wouldn't Survive And Pull Through If It Weren't For Your Mother's Support And Encouragement? Develop And Discuss

480 words - 2 pages . However, one of the toughest times I had to deal with was when both my grandparents died, not a 40-day span between their deaths. I was about 13, and thought I would simply dissolve in my own tears. I had never faced a loss before, and simply didn't know what to do. But my mother, who stood facing a loss even bigger than mine (She had lost her own mom!), was there for me. She was a shoulder to cry on. Together, we pulled through it. I honestly don't

In The Merchant of Venice, Shylock is more a victim than a villain. Discuss. - English - Essay

779 words - 4 pages never be happy again. One of the major turning points in The Merchant of Venice is when Shylock is forced to become a Christian in Act 4. Towards the end of the long-winded court case that spares Antonio’s life, Antonio demands that Shylock “presently become a Christian3”, among other things, but mainly that Shylock must give all of his possessions to his daughter and her husband when he dies. When Antonio’s announces these conditions, Shylock is

The Bio-Psychological Approaches To Understanding Mental Events And Behaviour Result In More Conclusive Findings Than Using A Social Approach And/Or Examining Environmental Factors. Discuss

2275 words - 10 pages ) overcame this problem by studying PET scans of schizophrenics who had never been treated with drugs. These scans also revealed a greater than normal density of dopamine receptors in the brain, implying that this may be a biological cause of schizophrenia.Methodological problems made it difficult to conclude that excess dopamine activity causes schizophrenia - it may be one of the symptoms, for example, rather than one of the causes

"Conflict Is Central To All Drama" - Discuss In Reference To Death Of A Salesman

908 words - 4 pages The drama, Death of a Salesman, revolves around three basic conflicts. Willy Loman, the protagonist, is a salesman whose life is falling apart. Willy has many hopes and dreams, however few of them are possible, or ever become reality. This constant conflict between reality and his dream world continually eats at Willy's pride. He also struggles against society. He doesn't fit in the business world of the time and he feels he is a failure, by

“It is Victor who ultimately conforms to conventional definitions of monstrosity.” Discuss. - Yr 12 - Essay

889 words - 4 pages for responsibility, making him a monster. Essentially Victor is an example for the people of Shelley’s time, an example of what could be, as through his actions, he morphs into a larger wretch than that he created. Shelley’s harsh criticism of Victor’s obsessive behavior highlights the damaging effect he has and how it makes him a monster. In the beginning of the novel Victor is humble and curious in his “passion for learning”, he sets out to

How Justice is Related to the Marks of a Marist Student - Columbus High School; Social Justice - Essay

456 words - 2 pages with the least favored. In other words, this marks tells us how we must grow mentally, physically, and spiritually alongside the church, and we must love everyone, even if they don’t know it. This relates to Justice in how everyone has equal opportunities, and we must teach those who feel as if they don’t, to love, learn, and grow alongside the church. The fourth and fifth marks of Marist students are titled, “Servant Leaders,” and “Spirit- filled

The Use Of Symbols In "A Streetcar Named Desire" By Tennessee Williams

1368 words - 6 pages "As he [Tennessee Williams] proclaims in one of his many essays, theatre becomes most potent "through the unlocking and lighting up and ventilation of the closets, attics, and basements of human behavior and experience." To accomplish this, he develops a dramatic form he describes as "personal lyricism", blending psychologically realistic characters with overtly poetic language and a heavy reliance on stage symbolism" (Adler). Authors constantly

the heart is one of the most import thing in your body. - health - essay

457 words - 2 pages back to your heart to start the whole oxygenation process all over again. Whether you are talking about the chordae tendineae or the aorta, each step in the oxygenation process is critical. One faulty valve or missing or weak muscular contraction can seriously impact the quality of life for a person. This being said it is essential to know how the heart works properly so you know just how important nutrition and physical activity are to taking care of your heart.

It is unjustifiable to judge candidates on anything other than their merits - Shaw University Ethics - research

486 words - 2 pages . State the subject of the paper by answering the following questions: 1. Begin your introduction in the way you were taught in your English courses (4-5 sentences. One paragraph). 2. In a new paragraph, answer the following simple questions: (a) What is the question assigned for this paper? (1 sentence) (b) What is your selected topic for this paper? (1 sentence). (c) Does the practice in this topic raise a moral dilemma? (1 sentence) (d

Social isolation destroys innocence, Discuss in relation to Ender’s Game and Lord of the Flies? - A Level/English Literature - Essay

2574 words - 11 pages ". Throughout the book, Ender is isolated by Graff and even made to return to a place he detested by the only person in the world he had ever loved. He is innocent at the start of the book but Battle School has turned him into an emotionless drone, "I've been learning about pre-emptive strategies. I'm very good. No one has ever beaten me. I'm the best soldier they ever had", it is also interesting to note his obsession with himself in this

What Are Some Of The Disadvantages Of Using Focus Groups? Discuss Two Recent Trends In Focus Group Research And Explain Why You Think These Have Evolved. Use References To Support Your Opinions

1685 words - 7 pages of them is, people tend to be more confident in front of the computer than to talk in real life. With this, the members hesitate less to say what they feel therefore a more honest and effective response can reaped. Of course there is a risk of fraud because you will never know whether the person at the other side of the line is really the person or is it just a fake. But it could be lessen by the introduction web cameras so that they could see

Compare and Contrast of symbols in Death of a Salesman and A Streetcar named Desire - IB LIT - Literature paper

1360 words - 6 pages Giovanna Amodio IB LIT 2 Mrs.Marusevich 4/5/2018 “Paper 2” Assessment: Tennessee Williams’ A Streetcar Named Desire Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman Façade: an outward appearance that is maintained to conceal a less pleasant or creditable reality. In both works of A Streetcar Named Desire by Tennessee Williams’ and Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller, the main characters’ of each play put up what is known as a Façade throughout the entirety

Write About A Frightening Experience Where You Felt You Had To Go On In Spite Of Your Fear

1412 words - 6 pages it was bigger then every other house on that side of the street. It seemed to stand out. It was hard not to notice it. For what seemed like minutes but were only a few seconds in reality I felt like I couldn't stop staring at it. To me it seemed like the best house to live in but something weird got my goat that day and for some reason that particular house scared me. As I turned round to where my friend was I was shocked to see he had gone