Literature Search Question (LSQ):
Is there a difference in helping behavior when the sexual orientation of the person in need is known to be homosexual or heterosexual?
Alexander, M. M., Santo, J. B., Da Cunha, J., Weber, L., & Russell, S. T. (2011). Effects of Homophobic versus nonhomophobic victimization on school commitment and the moderating effects of teacher attitudes in Brazilian public schools. Journal of LGBT youth, 8, 289-308. doi:10.1080/19361653.2011.607317
This study investigated homophobic victimization, teacher support, and school commitment in Brazilian schools. Participants were 339 students, ages 11 to 18 years old, in two public schools in Brazil. Data were obtained using the Brazil Preventing School Harassment Survey. Structural equation modeling revealed that both homophobic and nonhomophobic victimization were negatively related to school commitment but that homophobic victimization was a stronger predictor. Results supported the hypothesis that supportive teachers can moderate the relationship between victimization and school commitment. Finally, the moderating effect of teacher support was stronger in instances of frequent homophobic victimization. I chose this article because this article looks at long term effects of being bullied, which is one of my aspects of my paper. This article also gives us a look at bullying across cultures. In addition the study gives us a look into some support systems that could potentially help students to not be as affected by bullying. This article was chosen because of its theory of content.
Barrett, M. A., King, L. M., Esper, J. A., & Feighny, K. M. (1984). The effects of transgender’s and victim’s sex on children’s punish-help judgements. Sex Roles, 10, 757-764.
The present study determined whether children's reactions to the perpetrators and victims of antisocial behavior are influenced by the sex of the individuals involved. 53 3rd and 62 5th graders were asked their opinions of a series of stories in which one child (boy or girl) was described as having intentionally harmed another child (boy or girl). Results indicate that the relative importance that children attribute to punishing transgressors and helping victims is mediated by the sex composition of the transgressor–victim dyad.
Berlan, E. D., Corliss, H. L., Field, A. E., Goodman, E., & Austin, S. b. (2010). Sexual orientation and bullying among adolescents in the growing up today study. Journal of Adolescent Health, 46, 366-371. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2009.10.015
The purpose of their study was to examine the relationship between sexual orientation and past-year reports of bullying victimization and perpetration in a large sample of American youth. Survey data from 7,559 adolescents aged 14-22 who responded to the 2001 wave questionnaire of the Growing Up Today Study were examined cross-sectionally. Multivariable generalized estimating equations regression was performed using the modified Poisson method. They...