In “Souls of the Black Folks” Du Bois talks about how African Americans were distinguish as a double-self. Du Bois double-self helps us connect the idea of Plato’s enlightenment & education, Rousseau’s power & law, and Tocqueville’s democracy.
In “Allegory in the Cave” Plato talks about how man see’s enlightenment when he steps outside the cave; but when he goes back into the cave other people don’t believe what he has seen and don’t look at him as one of them and turn their backs on him because he has seen enlightenment. Du Bois’ double consciousness is the same in Allegory in the Cave; African Americans are looked at as they are beneath the white Americans because of their skin color. Du Bois could only change the minds of white folks if black Americans were educated, but Du Bois believes that people will look past the color-line. Plato thinks everybody should be educated and if they are, they will be enlightening, the fabrication of knowing and seeing is believing. Du Bois says education is the path that would lead them to where they won’t be bitter and take a leap to the next step.
In “Discourse on Inequality” Rousseau establishes two categories natural and moral inequalities; they both have a double consciousness, savage man and civilized man. Rousseau civilized man has no compassion where they only feed on power, ruling over people with no equality, they are “assembly...