Effect Of Antacids On Acidic Substaces Year 9 Research Paper

1726 words - 7 pages

The effect of antacids on the Ph of acidic substances.
Indigestion is an irritation of discomfort in the upper abdomen (dyspepsia) or a burning pain behind the breast bone (heartburn). Dyspepsia and Heartburn may occur on their own or together. There isn’t one cause for ingestion, indigestion can be caused by many things. Lifestyle is a big factor of indigestion, drinking to much caffeine or consuming too many fatty, greasy or spicy foods may cause indigestion. Also overeating or eating to fast may trigger indigestion to happen. Other lifestyle issues that can cause indigestion are: stress and emotional trauma, smoking and nervousness, medication like antibiotics and pain killers. There are also triggers however these are not lifestyle based but rather medical conditions for example Pancreas inflammation, Ulcers, Gallstones, Stomach Cancer, Pregnancy, Stomach Infections and food poisoning, Gastro oesophageal reflux disease aka G.E.R.D (condition where oesophagus becomes irritated of inflamed because of acid baking up from the stomach), Acid irritates the oesophagus or duodenum. There are many symptoms that indigestion causes some are more common than others. Some common symptoms are; early fulness during a meal, uncomfortable fulness after a meal, pain in upper abdomen and burning in upper abdomen. There are also some dangerous uncommon symptoms that come with indigestion; Nausea, Vomiting, Bloating, Belching, Heartburn, Weight loss, Jaundice (yellowing of the skin or whitening of the eyes), Gerd (gastroesophageal reflux diseases) and gastritis. Indigestion is a very common illness however there are uncommon types of indigestion which can affect many people’s lives. People that have uncommon types of indigestion may have to avoid certain types of foods and drinks for example caffeine and chocolate.
Antacids are a type of medicinal substance used to neutralise stomach acids. These antacids can relive indigestion symptom’s and acid reflux symptoms. There are many different types of bases used within antacids however the most common are: Hydroxides, Carbonates and Bicarbonates. Most tablets use magnesium, calcium and aluminium. Antacids have been around for many years. The first known antacid was founded by the Sumerians. It contained a mixture of milk, peppermint and sodium carbonate. Sodium carbonate is the active ingredient found within this antacid. The Sumerians at the time where experimenting with a salty ash extracted from certain plants and found out that this mixture relived certain stomach pains. There are many risks in using antacids. Antacids containing aluminium of calcium may cause constipation. In some rare cause the calcium in certain antacids may cause kidney stones. Some brands that use magnesium may cause diarrhea. On very rare cases over consumption of antacids may cause osteoporosis. If you have kidney disease, high blood pressure, or heart disease you may want to consult a doctor before using antacids. There are many active ingredients to calcium carbonate. The 4 most popular are: calcium carbonate, magnesium hydroxide. There are many physical properties of antacids. Ant acids are a white powder that is usually tasteless or odour less. Antacids are insoluble in water and ethanol also ant acids are stable in air. The chemical properties of antacids are that when it reacts with hydrochloric acid it produces the biproduct of calcium chloride and water (2HCI + CaCO^3 = CaCL^2 + H^2O + CO^2). This also means that antacids have the ability to neutralise our stomach acid. When an antacid comes in contact with stomach acid it neutralises the acid within the stomach. This reaction is called a neutralisation reaction. For example, 2HCI + CaCO^3 = CaCL^2 + H^2O + CO^2.
Antacids may work well but this doesn’t mean there isn’t a future for antacids. Scientists have found newer chemicals that are more effective and work faster. Also, a new research paper has found that nanobots can help the body fight indigestion however this technology is far from our reach. The most impressive finding is that certain antacids may help cure cancer this was found out by scientists at ecancer.
Aim:
To determine the effect of antacids on the Ph of acidic substances.
Hypothesis:
1. If an acid is mixed with a base, then the Ph’s will come close to neutral because this is a neutralisation reaction
2. If a strong acid is mixed with a strong base the substance will become neutral however if strong acid is mixed with a weak base the substance will come closer to the pH of 7
Materials:
· Mortar and Pestle
· Universal Indicator
· 2M Hydrochloric Acid
· 0.1M Hydrochloric Acid
· Nancy’s Antacid Home Remedy
· Dewitt’s antacid Powder
· 2x Mylanta
· Stirring Rod
· Pipette
· Spatula
· Test tubes
· Test tube rack
Safety:
· Be careful not to snap the pestle whilst grinding the Mylanta
· Universal indicator will stain fabrics easily
· Do not smell or drink the substances
· Be wary not to touch the 2M hydrochloric acid as it is corrosive
· Be carful with the antacids
· Test tubes may shatter
· Metal Spatula has sharp edges and may cut the skin
Variables:
Independent Variables
· Concentration of acids
· Types of antacids
Dependent Variables
· pH
Controlled Variables
· Amount of Antacid
· Amount of Acid
· Same Indicator
· Same amount of Indicator
· Same size test tubes
· Same day
· Same environmental conditions
Method:
1. Crush the Mylanta into a fine powder using a mortar and pestle
2. Put test tubes into a test tube rack
3. Put a selected chemical into a test tube
4. Add 4 drops of universal pH indicator
5. Compare the colour of the substance to the universal pH colour indicator
6. Write down the result into a book
7. Repeat from step 3 for all the other chemicals
8. Put the three antacids in separate test tubes
9. Pour 2ml of a selected acid into each test tube with the antacid
10. Add 4 drops of universal indicator
11. Compare colour of the substance to the pH colour indicator
12. Repeat from step 8 for the other acid
Diagram:
Results:
Initial pH
Mylanta
Home Remedy
De Witt’s
Initial pH
8
8.5
9
0.1M HLC
2
3
8.5
7.5
2M HLC
2
3
7
7.5
Discussion:
When an acid reacts to an antacid this brings the pH to closer to neutral. This infestation showed the effectiveness of antacids on acid substances. The experiment produced many interesting results. The group predicted that the 2M hydrochloric acid would have a massive difference compared to the 0.1M hydrochloric acid however the results from the experiment showed differently. All the antacids except for the home remedy had the same results with both the acids. The home remedy had some discrepancies as the other antacids had the same result with both hydrochloric acids however the Home Remedy didn’t. This may be caused by unfair testing in the within the experiment or just be the results. From this experiment it is seen that if an acid is mixed with a base then the substance will become neutral because of the neutralisation reaction however if the acid is stronger then the base the substance will come closer to neutral. The 0.1M hydrochloric didn’t have a visible reaction to any of the antacids however the 2M hydrochloric acid did. The substance bubbled up and created a vapour. This reaction only happened to the De Witt’s ant acid and the home remedy not Mylanta. This reaction is called a neutralisation reaction. When the neutralisation happened, the reaction created two biproducts. To see this, it is easy to use a chemical formula; NaHCO3 + HCl → NaCl + CO2 + H2O for De Witt’s and Home Remedy or Mg + 2HCl --> MgCl2 + H2 for Mylanta.
The experiment was done in a somewhat fair condition. There are many improvements that could be done to this experiment. The group put an equal amount of acid into the test tube however they didn’t put an equal amount of antacid. The group also didn’t let the wait for the antacids and acids to properly mix together. When the group measured the antacids, they didn’t weigh the acids but rather estimated with each scoop. The group also reused the same test tubes which may have left residue behind from the last experiments. There are many limitations to this experiment the first being time. The group didn’t have much time to let the acids react to the antacids. According to the Mylanta website it takes at least one hour for the results to have shown. If the experiment was to be performed again it would be better if the group used different test tubes and let the chemicals set before measuring the pH. Also, performing the experiments more than once would be better for providing more accurate results. According to the De Witts website the powder provides instant relief. This is true as the chemical reaction with the 2M hydrochloric acid happened within a few milliseconds.
Conclusion:
The experiment yielded some very interesting results. By analysing the results, it is seen that the first hypothesis is true however this is not the same for the second hypothesis. The results showed the 2 acids didn’t have a difference.
Bibliography:
Mylanta 12HrAction | Mylanta.com.au. 2018. Mylanta 12HrAction | Mylanta.com.au. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.mylanta.com.au/mylanta-12hraction.html. [Accessed 07 June 2018].
MedicineNet. 2018. GERD: Types of antacids for GERD?. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=13828. [Accessed 07 June 2018].
DE WITT’S ANTACID POWDER. 2018. DE WITT’S ANTACID POWDER. [ONLINE] Available at: http://home.intekom.com/pharm/gulf/dewit-aa.html. [Accessed 07 June 2018].
Mylanta Double Strength | Mylanta.com.au. 2018. Mylanta Double Strength | Mylanta.com.au. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.mylanta.com.au/mylanta-double-strength.html. [Accessed 07 June 2018].
Geek.com. 2018. The Ancient History Of Antacids - Geek.com. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.geek.com/science/the-ancient-history-of-antacids-1705782/. [Accessed 07 June 2018].
Taking antacids: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. 2018. Taking antacids: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. [ONLINE] Available at: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000198.htm. [Accessed 07 June 2018].
Understanding the Risks of Taking Antacids | HealthGuidance. 2018. Understanding the Risks of Taking Antacids | HealthGuidance. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.healthguidance.org/entry/12224/1/understanding-the-risks-of-taking-antacids.html. [Accessed 07 June 2018].
Antacids - IFFGD. 2018. Antacids - IFFGD. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.iffgd.org/diet-treatments/antacids.html. [Accessed 07 June 2018].
Antacid Ingredients . 2018. Antacid Ingredients . [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.glutathionediseasecure.com/antacid-ingredients.html. [Accessed 07 June 2018].
DISCUSSION: Summary. 2018. DISCUSSION: Summary. [ONLINE] Available at: http://sydney.edu.au/science/molecular_bioscience/report/BCHM2/discussion/discussion_summary.html. [Accessed 07 June 2018].
ScienceDaily. 2018. How a common antacid could lead to cheaper anti-cancer drugs -- ScienceDaily. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/11/141126111118.htm. [Accessed 07 June 2018].
Antacids: The past, the present, and the future - ScienceDirect. 2018. Antacids: The past, the present, and the future - ScienceDirect. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0950352888800113. [Accessed 07 June 2018].
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. 2018. No page title. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3048455. [Accessed 07 June 2018].

RELATED

Effect of water temperature on osmosis - Ormiston - research paper

2741 words - 11 pages Abstract This experiment investigates how changing the temperature of water will affect the rate of osmosis of water into the potato cubes. This relates to a specific biological process in the body such as osmosis of water between the extracellular fluid of blood and the red blood cells. By investigating, the effect of temperature on this process of osmosis will allow better understanding and ultimately answering the question of- how does

biomes of the world, for geography - WPGHS year 9 - research paper

585 words - 3 pages Characteristics and climate of deserts. See where deserts are found on this biomes map. Deserts have extreme temperatures. During the day the temperature may reach 50°C, when at night it may fall to below 0°C. Deserts have less than 250 mm of rainfall per year. he largest hot desert is the Sahara Desert, in northern Africa, Deserts land surfaces are various – examples are stones, sand dunes and snow. expand (desertification), and sometimes contract

The Effect of Climate Change on Economy - ENGLISH 105 - research paper

1385 words - 6 pages Free 1 Kaur Gagandeep Kaur Professor Adrienne Beck Basic Writing II 28 November 2017 The Effect of Climate Change on Economy Earth is 4.5 billion years old and it had gone through a lot of traumatic events. One of the most controversial topics of today is climate change. There has been an ongoing debate whether the climate change is real or not. Some suggest that it is a hoax meanwhile others say that it is real. Both sides of the conflict have their

The Effect of Video Game Playing on Reaction Time - Biology 1 - Research Paper

1635 words - 7 pages The Effect of Video Game Playing on Reaction Time Abstract In the fast-paced world of the twenty first century, time and speediness is essential. From day to day decisions or reacting to save oneself from danger, a reduced reaction time is crucial. However, an increased amount of errors is usually associated with a reduced reaction time. Can more preparation and training via an increased amount of time spent while playing video games reduce

Effect of sleep on adults and children - Mesa College/ Psycology - Research Paper

659 words - 3 pages The effect of sleep on working memory in children and adults March 14 2018 Purpose The purpose of this study was to see how sleep effects working memory in both children and adults and to see how those results compare to each other. The researchers hypothesized that the enhancing effect of sleep on working memory performance will have a larger impact on children due to them still developing, in comparison to adults. The researchers also

Alcohol and drugs effect on teens - Cleveland/11 - Research paper

1652 words - 7 pages . The percentage of 15- and 16-year-olds who had been drunk in the previous month plummeted from 42 per cent in 1998 to 5 per cent in 2016. The percentage who have ever used cannabis is down from 17 per cent to 7 per cent. Those smoking cigarettes every day fell from 23 per cent to just 3 per cent. If the program stated above is applied to the Redlands college community similar, if not better results will be achieved. 9

DBQ on the era of exploration and its effect on the native american - World history - research paper, DBQ

1702 words - 7 pages . This either-or situation forcibly indoctrinated the natives, with only one right choice, the choice of a new god. Even before they would execute someone “A Spanish monk who was present on the day of the execution attempted to convert him to Christianity. The friar explained to the chief about conversion, baptism, and the Catholic concept of heaven and hell” (Doc 9). They would have a monk to try to attempt to convert the natives to Christianity

Effect of cell shape of honeycomb structure - EEE - Research Paper

3680 words - 15 pages Free Effect of cell shape of honeycomb structure on the toughness and bending strength of the overall structure 2 (i) Abstract Using a strong structure to construct an object is crucial to prevent it from rupturing due to external forces such as bending. Honeycomb structures are widely used in constructing bridges and airplanes due to its well-known rigidity. However, there’s a lack of research on the effects of shapes on the overall strength of the

Effect of Temperature on Enzyme Activity - AP biology - Research Lab

898 words - 4 pages The Effect of Temperature on Enzyme Activity The purpose of this lab practice is to investigate the effects of temperature on the denaturation of enzymes. Introduction: The main biological concept explored was enzyme activity, enzymes are biological molecules (proteins) that act as catalysts and help complex reactions occur everywhere in life. Enzymes are impacted by temperature and pH of their environment, because these factors can denature an

Millenials - The effect it has on our society - Honors English 11 - Research Paper

1343 words - 6 pages James Cosgrove Mrs. Schneider Honors English 11 17 April 2017 MillennialZ Within the last 100 years, our society has encountered many different social backgrounds, influenced, cultures and economic traits which can all be traced back to the category of millennials. These certain subcategories can all have a lasting effect on how generations are impacted whether it be for the good of the society or maybe for the worse. The main topics within

What is the effect of different colours of light on plant growth? - year 10 science - experiment report

1352 words - 6 pages What is the effect of different colours of light on plant growth? Contents Introduction…………………………..…………............................ 2 Result…………...……………..…………..................................... 4 Discussion…………………………..…………............................. 6 Conclusion…………………………..…………............................. 8 Reference…………………………..………….............................. 9 Introduction Many countries have agriculture as a main product, export and

The effect of forensics on the research of type 2 diabtes mellitus - University of Southampton - Essay

3828 words - 16 pages ’ of crime. This means it may be a more valid measure of crime than official crime statistics. Based on retrospective data People may not have an accurate recall of the crimes committed in the previous year or they may include crimes that occurred more than a year ago. This means the figures may not be a reliable measure. This would also reduce validity. Offender surveys This involves individuals volunteering details of the number and types of

Effect Of Reading On Infant Development

1142 words - 5 pages Running head: Research Paper PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 1 Research Paper PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 2 Research Paper: Effects of Reading to Infants and Toddlers on Their Early Language DevelopmentReading begins the journey through one's language development stages, and the language development begins with reading to our children. Reading to young children is essential to early literacy, language development, and reading readiness. Reading to an infant

The Effect of Vitamin D on Psychosis and Schizophrenia - Genesee Community College Psych 101 - 5 Page Research Brief

645 words - 3 pages , psychosis Literature Review Dr. James Greenblatt’s paper, “The Effect of Vitamin D on Psychosis and Schizophrenia,” (2016) the author summarizes the wide range of recent research concerning the effects of vitamin D levels on patients with psychosis or schizophrenia. Similarly, the scholarly article, “The Relationship between Symptom Severity and Low Vitamin D Levels in Patients with Schizophrenia,” (Bulut et al., 2016) contains a literature

Influence of Stress on Stereotypes - Research Methods 325 - Research Paper

2143 words - 9 pages able to see the direct impacts of stress on the RAT. As for predicting the effects that stereotype threat was going to have on the participants we looked at prior research as well. According to Blascovich, Spencer, Quinn and Steele (2001), as predicted, African Americans in the high stereotype-threat condition performed significantly more poorly. Although this research was not identical to the women only study that we conducted, it was enough to