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Egyptian Religion Essay

1404 words - 6 pages

The Egyptians had a very influential religion that can be analyzedusing the five elements of religion. The characteristics of the AncientEgyptian's religion can be divided into the five elements of religion:authority, faith, rituals, moral code, and concept of the deity.First, the authority of the Egyptian religion. The main authority of theEgyptian religion was the Pharaoh, he had divine right over the people andwas considered a god. Also, he could change the religion any way hewanted, for example in the 14th century BC Akhenaton, the Pharaohoutlawed all gods but Aton, who was the sun god, and this became the firstmonotheistic religion in history, but it was short lived, for when he died ...view middle of the document...

They also believed that the gods owned all the land, so they sold all theircrops at the temples. Furthermore, their idea of heaven was that it was inthe milky way, that stood for a fertile Nile and where good crops grew everyyear. Their belief in a hell was that the soul was devoured by a savageanimal called the 'Devourer of Souls' and then thrown into a pit of fire. TheEgyptians believed that what was placed in a person's tomb was what theywould have in the afterlife, so they stocked their tombs full of items, such aswar chariots, tables, chairs, and for the king, his throne. Their were evengods and goddesses for Ancient Egyptian cites. Also, the Egyptians believedthat no mater what the Pharaoh did, he was entitled to a afterlife. TheEgyptians spent most of their lives preparing for the afterlife and a oneEgyptologist put it:The dead man is at one and the same time in heaven, in thegod's boat, under the earth, tilling the Elysian fields, and in histomb enjoying his victuals (Casson 81).They also believed that the dead had to be buried on the west side of theNile, since the sun 'died' in the west. When a person reached judgmentday, they had to do a 'negative confession' to 42 sins, each with their ownjudge, and after that Anibus then proceeded to weigh the person's heartagainst a feather, the heart had to be lighter than the feather for the person tobe admitted to heaven. Also, Thoth was their watching over the weighing.The Egyptians believed that setting of the sun was Nut, goddess of the sky,devouring it and in the morning would give birth to it again. Furthermore,the Egyptian creation myth said that in the beginning their was only theocean, then Ptah, the Lord of Truth who made an egg, that hatched andmade the moon and sun, from the sun came Amon-Ra, the sun god from himcame air, from the air, the earth, from the earth, the Nile and from the NileEgypt, which is how Egypt got the nickname 'the gift of the Nile".Therefore the characteristics of the Egyptian faith are very strict.The Egyptians performed many rituals that characterize their religion.First, when a person died, their body was mummified, the...

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