Essay On Free Will Vs. Hard Determinism (Philosophy) Introduction To Philosophy/Bellarmine University Essay

815 words - 4 pages

Circumstances: Self-Made or Natural?
Many people have wondered throughout the world, why am I in the position I am right
now? How did my life go so wrong/right? Some may answer that their circumstances are a result
of their own decisions, while others may say the reason is because of the “universe”. To
understand both perceptions, Richard Taylor’s Agency Theory and Baron d’Holbach’s Hard
Determinism Theory will be analyzed. By comparing, contrasting, and examining the two
theories it will be concluded that Richard Taylor’s Agency Theory and the belief in free will is
the superior theory.
Richard Taylor’s Agency Theory is centered on the idea of free will. Free will is the idea
of one’s ability to act at his/her own discretion. Taylor describes two actions every human does
which coincides with the theory of free will. First, he brings up the action of deliberation.
Deliberation is when people think about which action to take, this or that. Deliberation is an
example of free will because it involves one making up his/her own mind. Second, Taylor brings
up a point that we often overlook. He brings up the feeling that it is up to the person about what
he/she will do and he uses the example of one’s want and ability to move his/her own finger any
which way he/she wants. Taylor’s theory can easily take on other theories such as simple
indeterminism and soft determinism. Simple indeterminism states that many things people do
happen at random. With that said, simple indeterminism means that the vast majority of human
activity would have no meaning and be highly unpredictable. Soft determinism states that human
behavior and actions are wholly determined by causal events, but where human free will does
exist it is still shaped by external factors such as heredity, society, upbringing, etc. However,
when looking at a person-by-person analysis it does not hold up. For example, if you were to
look at a person who was raised in the inner city in an impoverished neighborhood where there
are drugs and a high crime rate you would expect that person, according to soft determinism, to
either be involved with drugs or crime. While that may be true for some individuals, how does
that explain people like Ben Carson who was raised in government-subsidized housing and
raised by a single mother in an area riddled with crime, but is today one of the best
neurosurgeons in the country and in 2016 was a candidate in ...

RELATED

hard determinism: true or false - philosophy philosophy 101 - essay

1377 words - 6 pages actions are predetermined by factors outside of our control; we do not have the ability to decide for ourselves. Many philosophers have made strong and sound arguments for each stance however, in this essay I examine the question of free will. I attempt to show through a hard deterministic view that free will is merely an illusion. I, then,attempt to show the implications hard determinism has on morals. Hard Determinism is a philosophical position

A paper on free will and what it means to you - Philosophy - Research paper

1552 words - 7 pages philosophers have not been successful at this attempt despite their deliberation. This paper discusses the concept of free will with a particular bias to the take of the philosopher Aristotle. The paper also explores the different theories on this topic including determinism, indeterminism compatibilism, and incompatibilism. The paper will give compelling evidence to support Aristotle’s position that free will is possible and it does exist. Aristotle

An Analysis of the Free Will Problem - UNT - Philosophy - Psychology

1506 words - 7 pages , in context of an ever-expanding pool of choices and options of human development, does exist, allowing for contextualization and creativity to function in tandem with one another. To begin this argument, there is an importance to be put on the three main argumentative stances. Fully understanding each position’s main points of contention is key to developing a fully fleshed out perspective of what free will is and is not. First, we will discuss

Examine the main concepts of Hard Determinism - School - Essay

1292 words - 6 pages Examine the main concepts of Hard Determinism Hard Determinism can be defined by Baruch Spinoza’s quote: ‘In the mind there is no absolute or free will; but the mind is determined to will this or that by a cause, which has been determined by another cause…and so on to infinity’. This basically means that humans do not have free will, and that all moral actions have prior causes. Hard Determinism follows the Principle of Causality, which states

Descartes' Impact on Philosophy - PHI101 - Essay

489 words - 2 pages Andrew Huang Examined Life Professor Gedney Descartes’ Argument for the existence of God Rene Descartes, known as the father of modern philosophy, was a French thinker who used doubt as a basis for much of his philosophy. To start, he wondered what would actually give him any reason to doubt all of his beliefs. From this, Descartes concluded that an evil demon was tricking him into thinking that all of his beliefs were true when they were not

Mind Over Matter- Philosophy essay - Philosophy - Essay

1953 words - 8 pages and analysing his opinions on gay marriage, abortion, and drug legalization. According to him, it does not matter what these people think they have the right to do. It matters what his perceived ideal form of culture is like, and how their actions will affect others. Again, the individual does not have choice. He is subject to the state, however unlike Nietzsche or Aristotle, Adam does not follow naturalistic ethics. Devoid of any role for reason

Philosophy three major theories - Philosophy - Essay

707 words - 3 pages being a guide is that leaders are continuously examples of what to be within a company, an organization, or a team. This means that leaders need to be ethical, well-mannered, and diligent in order to impress upon his or her staff. Despite all the amazing qualities leaders possess, they cannot do without self-assessment. According to the University of Notre Dame, “Knowing your areas of weakness does not make you weak; on the contrary, it allows

Anger according to Aristotle and Seneca - Xavier University of Louisiana- Philosophy - Essay

764 words - 4 pages Khamryn Stansell October 23, 2018 Happiness and Meaning of Life Section 2 Word Count: 759 The Depths of Anger: Aristotle vs Seneca Everyday humans are faced with many emotions. Some are easier to control than others. Out of the various emotions that we continuously feel, there is only one that can’t be hidden. Most of your emotions can be covered or faked but anger is the only emotion that will always reveal itself no matter the situation. This

Who is Socrates? An essay on his philosophy - Philosophy BC - Essay

2005 words - 9 pages Evan Kill Professor Rumble PHIL107002 1 October 2018 Who is Socrates? Today, Socrates is known as one of the wisest men of all time and often cited as the forefather of Western philosophy. Socrates was born in 469 B.C. in Athens, Greece. Growing up, his father was a stonemason, and his mother was a midwife. Socrates would eventually fight in the Peloponnesian War as a foot soldier, and after this, he would begin to explore philosophy. Although

philosophy essay so i can get access to this website - philosophy - essay

738 words - 3 pages scientific journals called for a moratorium on further research and asks us the public to debate the moral and philosophical questions that arise from the potential of genome editing. In this essay I intend to explore just that by stating how when it comes to genome editing there is no moral permissibility whatsoever and that there are only moral obligations and impermissibility. To say that something is morally permissible is to say that

Free Will vs Fate: The past, present, and future - English - Essay

721 words - 3 pages Nunki Hassan Fate vs. Free Will The past, present, and future play a crucial role in the development of a character. In the tragedy, “Oedipus The King”, fate and free will are powerful keys to Oedipus’s future. Sophocles began in medias res. This focused on Oedipus’s choices as a character rather than the prophecies shown before. Oedipus was a tragic hero who begins with prosperity, however later this prosperity turns into poverty thus leading

virtue ethics in jouralism question - philosophy, university of warwick - essay

1876 words - 8 pages position, etc. In this case, there are some journalists have never hacked and will never hack, it is the partial virtue of their disposition which involved in their job; in contrast to those journalists who are doing phone-hacking, they are not only living without virtuously but also without a life. 3. Modern Theory (Neo-Aristotelian) Compare to classic theory, modern moral philosophy recommends that ethics should instead focus on how to form our

Utilitarianism and John Stuart Mill - Hofstra University; Philosophy 14 - Essay

656 words - 3 pages process of gaining pleasure. This is known as the Right Action Theory which further states that people are motivated by an interest in what they have to gain from their actions. John Stuart Mill then goes on to believe that there are different measures and different kinds of pleasures. Some pleasures are more superior to others and it differentiates the amount of happiness that they can bring to each individual. He mentions “of two pleasures, if

our response to mental illness: analysis - philosophy of psychology - essay

1677 words - 7 pages , and more importantly, if the goals, actions and reasonings can be justified on ethical grounds. In this essay I will be exploring mental health through an ethical lens, in order to highlight significant issues that stem from the influence that the current models for the classifications, diagnosis and treatments of mental illnesses and psychiatric disorders have on how patients are perceived and addressed on a societal, institutional, and

Defending Descartes' Cartesian Dualism - Intro to Philosophy - Essay

1433 words - 6 pages that he university was itself a physical object or structure separate and distinct from the other buildings on campus, but in a similar category. Ryle goes on to argue that Descartes’ claim of cartesian dualism makes a “category mistake” by putting “the mind and body in the same logical type or category when they actually belong to another” (Ryle, 1949). Ryle is saying that different properties do not necessarily indicate separation or distinction