President Truman’s Decision
August 6th, 1945. That was the day the first atom bomb was used in war. Three days later, a second atomic bomb was dropped on the very same country. The result of this was the end of war between the USA and Japan. Unfortunately, another result of this was approximately 220,000 human lives that were killed because of only two bombs (“We Shouldn't”, 2016). A lot of time went into deciding whether or not the decision to drop the bombs was the right thing to do. In the end, President Truman and his advisors agreed that this was necessary to do and it was for the greater benefit of the United States of America. But, was it really the best decision? I strongly believe that President Truman should not have given the go-ahead to drop two atomic bombs in Japan. The reasons are that Japan was already surrendering, the Soviet Union was already on their way to fight Japan and the United States wouldn’t have lost a million lives if they didn’t drop the atomic bombs.
The first reason why President Truman should not have let the atomic bombs drop is because Japan had already basically surrendered. The only thing Japan wanted was to keep their emperor (Commentary, 2015). However, the United States wanted an unconditional surrender. The emperor of Japan was basically a figurehead and nothing more (Commentary,2015). He could be compared to the queen of England today. So for the United States not to take the conditioned surrender was not the right thing to do. Especially, since after they dropped the bombs, the United States made peace with Japan by letting them keep their emperor anyways (Commentary). The Chairman of the wartime Joint Chiefs of Staff, Admiral William D. Leahy was quoted saying “It is my opinion that the use of the barbarous weapon at Hiroshima and Nagasaki was of no material assistance in our war against Japan. The Japanese were already defeated and ready to surrender....” (“We Shouldn't “, 2016) Not only did Japan already ask for a surrender, but the Soviet Union was on their way to Japan. Stalin told Truman that his troops would be in Japan on August 15th, 1945 (“Was Dropping”, 2016). That’s a mere couple days after the bombs were dropped. If Japan was already surrendering with only the United States invading it, it would most certainly reconsider an unconditional surrender once the Soviet Union got there. That is if the United States was still so desperately wanting the unconditional surrender.
One of the reasons that the United States had dropped the atomic bombs was to send an assertive signal to the Soviet Union. If the United States wanted to establish dominance to the Soviet Union, they could have just dropped an atom bomb in an uninhabitable area. This would have shown the power of the weapon as well as wouldn’t have killed so many innocent civilians. The United States debated inviting some the Soviet scientists to the testing of the bomb but in the end decided not to...