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Ethical Issues With Drug Use In The Sports World

3109 words - 13 pages

Ethical Issues in Contemporary Sport: Major PaperDrug Testing should be abolished for athletes in SportAustralian distance runner Ron Clarke argues that there are no drug screening tests available that can catch all those athletes that use performance enhancing drugs. This he concludes, means that the International Olympic Committee should get rid of all testing. This is an option, however, it is not one that is best suited as the solution. It is true they will never catch all athletes, however, if they were to get rid of drug testing this may in a way condone the use of performance enhancing drugs in the highest level of sports. Also, would this get rid of a form of protection for the ...view middle of the document...

Bribing and cheating were also common. and competitors were willing to lake anything that would increase their performance, such as extracts of mushrooms and plant seeds. Drug use, along with political interference, was one of the main reasons the Olympic games were dissolved during this period. As well, in Roman times spectator sports such as chariot races and gladiatorial competitions became very popular. The use of drugs during this period was also common. Chariot racers fed their horses mixtures to help them run faster, and gladiators took drugs to make their fights vigorous and bloody for the public. Along with the Industrial Revolution, the nature of sport also changed. The population became more urban based, and society established restricted, controlled games and activities reflected the new regulated society. There were new clubs formed, restrictions on the number of players, rules were developed, and modification to their equipment. During this time sport no longer was played in free time, it became a profession. In the twentieth century sport became big business, providing entertainment, revenue, and employment. Along with this has come the notion that success in sport is highly valued. This has placed pressure on those involved in sports to be successful and be the best. As a result of this, the incidence of drug taking and the number of deaths related to drugs in sports has increased (ASDA Drugs in Sport, www.asda.org.au/). Thus, the drive to compete and win has been with humans forever. This places great pressure on athletes to be successful and be the best that they can be. If drug testing were to be abolished it would negatively affect athletes. They would take drugs to keep up with others because of the legalization. The drive to win would take over the athlete, and they would do whatever it would take to win which would mean taking performance enhancing drugs.Furthermore, drug tests are need because the use of drugs, particularly anabolic steroids are not safe. The use of anabolic steroids by athletes is relatively new. They were however used first used in WW II to make German troops more aggressive. Later, Soviet and Eastern Bloc athletes (mostly weight trainers), began using them. Testosterone was first synthesized in the 1930s and was introduced into the sporting arena in the 1940s and 1950s. when the Russian weightlifting team, thanks in part, to synthetic testosterone-walked off with a pile of medals at the 1952 Olympics, and American physician (Dr. John Ziegler) determined that U.S. competitors should have the same advantage. By 1958 a U.S. pharmaceutical firm developed anabolic steroids. However, Dr. Ziegler soon realized the drug had unwanted side effects; it was too late to halt its spread into the sports world (Kusma, 1995). Early users were mainly bodybuilders, weightlifters, football players, and discus, shot put, or javelin throwers-competitors who relied heavily on bulk and strength. During the 1970's demand grew...

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